Report 2

My Report on Driving Psychology

By Kasey Vanderhoof

 

Instructions for this report are at:

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy25/409a-g25-report2.htm 

I am answering questions 01, 02, 03, 05, and 06.

 

Dr. Leon James, Instructor

University of Hawaii

December 2006

 

My Report on Previous Generations

 

Select any four student reports from G20 listed in this directory of links:
www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/gc/g20-409as2004.htm 


How do their reports differ from your report? How is the theory or content similar? How do you evaluate their level of understanding of driving psychology? What advice do you have about the generational curriculum?

 

The four reports that I have chosen are:

1)      My Proposal for Lifelong Driver Education, By Jeremy Kubo

a.       www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/kubo/report3.htm

2)      My Driving Personality Makeover Project, By Melissa Mansfield

a.       www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/mansfield/report2.htm

3)      Driving Psychology: Theory and Application, By Hiroko Kikuchi

a.       www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/kikuchi/report 1.htm

4)      Driving Psychology: Theory and Application, By Mark Corpuz

a.       www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/corpuz/report1.htm

 

How Their Reports Differ From Mine

 

(i) I think that the four reports that I read are different from mine because their reports are more factual whereas my report is more opinionated.It seems as if a lot of what the other students had to say came straight from the book whereas a lot of what I had to say came from experience and critical thinking and evaluation of situations that I have encountered or thought about.Two of the reports that I looked at also gave definitions, which is something that I was not required to do for this report.One of the reports gave his own ideas as to how to implement lifelong driversí education and the last report designed a plan to change her driversí personality.I was not expected to do any of these things and so my report does not include these things.

 

Since what they were expected to write about differs from what I was expected to write about you can imagine that our papers are structured quite differently, although I did find some similarities concerning our content and somewhat our theories.

 

How Their Reports Are Similar To Mine

 

(ii) I believe that the four reports that I chose are similar to mine in content because we all talk about what driving psychology is and how it relates to us.Most of the reports that I read also discuss what we have been talking about in class, which is a technique that I also used.One report also discusses some of the content in the text Road Rage and Aggressive Driving written by Dr. Leon James and Dr. Diane Nahl, which is something that I also did but in a little more detail.

 

I think that the four reports that I chose are also similar to mine in theory.It seems as if all of us agree with the driving psychology theory and some of us seem to be trying to find ways that we can implement the theories of driving psychology into our daily lives.Although we all have our own ideas and thoughts about the driving psychology theory, it seems as if we all agree with it, although this is hard to say for the two reports entitled Driving Psychology: Theory and Application because they mostly talk about things directly from the text books.

 

My Evaluation of Their Understanding of Driving Psychology

 

(iii) I believe that the people who wrote these reports have a pretty good understanding of driving psychology.All of these people are able to talk about and discuss what they have learned and I believe this to be the first step in understanding anything.Anyone can read something but it takes an understanding to then write about what you have read.I think that all of these students were able to apply what they have learned, which is shown through their writings.I am not sure if they all understand every aspect of driving psychology but I do feel that they have a general understanding of driving psychology which they have shown through their precise and easy to read reports.

 

My Advice about the Generational Curriculum

 

(iiii) I did not find this type of learning to be as good as the type of generational curriculum that we did for report one or the type of generational learning that we did for question three of this report.In some ways this type of learning is good and in some ways it is not very helpful.

 

I find this type of learning to be helpful because you can see how you may improve on your report but that depends on the similarities in your reports.I think that it can also be beneficial because you are able to see how other interpret the driving psychology theory.As you know everyone interprets things differently and by being able to see how others interpret something may give you a different look on the subject.

 

I donít think it is helpful because you often read the same things over and over again, although I guess this could also be an advantage because eventually you will not be able to forget the material.I think this type of learning is a little repetitive but the more I think about it the more I think that it is a good idea.

 

The Question I am answering is Question #01

 

(a) Contrast our two textbooks: Road Rage and Aggressive Driving (James and Nahl), and Driving Lessons: Exploring Systems That Make Traffic Safer (Peter Rothe, Editor). Name some ways they are similar, and some ways they are different. Would either text be suitable for high school students?

 

(b) Discuss in what way these ideas can help solve society's driving problems. Be specific: describe the main problems (use some statistics) and how can particular ideas in these two books help solve those problems.

 

(c) Describe the reactions of friends when you tell them about driving personality makeovers and its psychological and social context.

 

(a) Contrast our two textbooks: Road Rage and Aggressive Driving (James and Nahl), and Driving Lessons: Exploring Systems That Make Traffic Safer (Peter Rothe, Editor). Name some ways they are similar, and some ways they are different. Would either text be suitable for high school students?

 

About Driving Lessons: Exploring Systems That Make Traffic Safer

 

(i) First, I would like to give a brief summary about each textbook, starting with Driving Lessons.Driving Lessons is broken down into three sections, which are entitled Personal Sub-Systems, Institutional Sub-Systems, and Technical Sub-Systems.Personal Sub-Systems include how driving may effect your health, how the people we come into contact with everyday influence how we drive, and that although people driving are from different backgrounds, we all tend to have the same thoughts, feelings, and actions while driving.The Personal Sub-System also talks about things that directly affect individuals because of the daily hassles of driving.

 

The Institutional Sub-Systems talks about the Economic Sub-System, the Legal Sub-System, the Media Sub-System, and the Education Sub-System.The Economic Sub-System talks about the pursuit of cooperation at the expense of the individual because people need to learn that driving is something that the community participates in together.The Legal Sub-System talks about enforcing compliance with the law in order to make driving safer for everyone.The Media Sub-System has become the authority of social communication and they contribute to the function or dysfunction of the roadway system and how people drive due to what they see on the television.The Education Sub-System talks about how traffic safety should be taught in the classroom to promote safer driving.

 

Finally, the Technical Sub-Systems talk about how we can make driving more safe through system designs, such as how the roads are built and designed.It also talks about having some kind of system that warns drivers of upcoming hazards.It talks about cell phone use while driving and how it may be similar to drunk driving.And, finally, this sub-system talks about traffic safety.

 

About Road Rage and Aggressive Driving: Steering Clear of Highway Warfare

 

Now, I will discuss the Road Rage book.This book has three parts as well.The first part is The Conflict Mentality, the second part is Driving Psychology, and the third part is The Future of Driving.The Conflict Mentality discusses whether or not road rage is real and says that it is and that it is here because we live in a culture of disrespect.It discusses how aggressive driving may lead to poorer health due to the effects that venting has on our bodies.It discusses the cause of aggressive driving and hostility on the road and the different types of aggressive driving.

 

The Driving Psychology part of the book talks about how we can stop aggressive driving and road rage through self improvement programs.It talks about learning emotional intelligence, which is the ability to turn negative emotions into positive one.It talks about how we raise children to become aggressive drivers through modeling and how many children participate in aggressiveness in the car with their parents and it gives ways on how to prevent this.It discusses what it means to be a supportive driver and the benefits that come along with being one.And finally, it discusses the concept of lifelong driverís education, which may lead to more respectful environment.

 

The Future of Driving part of the book talks about what the government, federal agencies, the police, and the people are doing to prevent aggressive driving and road rage.There are now bills being passed to help stop aggressive driving by labeling many acts as a misdemeanor or even a felony.This part of the book also discusses the reality of driving and that cars are becoming more and more technologically advanced.There are now so many features in a car, which are distracting and may cause other drivers to get irritated and frustrated, that would have never been thought possible in the past.

 

The best part of the book as a whole is that it offers exercises every now and then that help you to see what kind of driver you are.By doing this, it may allow some people to change because they are able to acknowledge that they have a problem.I enjoyed doing them because it was interesting to see what types of behaviors I partake in that I am not aware of.

 

Comparing and Contrasting the Two Textbooks

 

(ii) Now, I would like to compare these two books by naming some ways that they are similar and some ways that they are different.I believe they are similar in the ways that they discuss aggressive driving to be a problem and they both offer solutions to the problem, but I believe that the solutions that they offer are somewhat different.Driving Lessons discusses more technical solutions whereas Road Rage talks about how people as individuals need to change in order to better the society.Donít get me wrong, Driving Lessons does talk about individual change but I think that the Road Rage textbook focuses more on that as a whole.I also think that Road Rage is easier to read and more understandable than Driving Lessons and really allows you to see where the author is coming from because you are able to imagine yourself in the situations described.

 

Let High School Students Read It

 

(iii) Contrary to what the other students in my class think, I believe that Road Rage and Aggressive Driving: Steering Clear of Highway Warfare written by Dr. Leon James and Dr. Diane Nahl would be a great book for high school students.I am the type of person that likes small and simple words and I often have a hard time reading very complicated books.Well, I found this book to be easy to read as well as completely understandable.I think that this book would also be easy to read for people in high school as well.They might have to look up a few words, but who doesnít look up a word here and a word there when they read?But, the truth is that I donít remember coming across anything too complicated.I actually thought that it was a completely understandable book that people can relate to.

 

(b) Discuss in what way these ideas can help solve society's driving problems. Be specific: describe the main problems (use some statistics) and how can particular ideas in these two books help solve those problems.

 

Helping Society

 

(i) I think that these ideas can help solve societyís driving problems because these ideas bring forward the actual problem that not many people are aware of and allow people to realize that road rage exists.The main problem here is that people are born into a society that condones road rage and aggressive driving and are brought up around aggressive drivers and possibly road rage episodes and because of this we are considered a culture of disrespect.Because of this problem more and more people are being injured (425,000 people are killed and 35 million are injured every decade in car accidents due to aggressive driving according to the Road Rage textbook) and more money is being spent every year ($55 billion annual costs to US employers due to motor-vehicle crashes and injuries on and off the job according to the Driving Lessons textbook).

 

Ideas to Stop Road Rage

 

(ii) I think that these two books can help solve this enormous problem by bringing forth the reality that this type of driving does exist.Both books do a good job of describing this problem as well as giving solutions to it.If people follow the advice and solutions, such as lifelong driverís education, that are given, then we might actually be able to turn ourselves into a culture of respect.

 

(c) Describe the reactions of friends when you tell them about driving personality makeovers and its psychological and social context.

 

Driving Personality Makeovers

(i) I explained the driving personality makeovers and its psychological and social context to two of my friends and both had the same reactions, although I got one to change their initial reaction.I explained that we need to change how we drive through a driving personality makeover in order to benefit us psychologically and to better the society as a whole and both of my friends just laughed at me.Neither of them thought is was possible or probable.They asked me, how do you expect to get millions of people to change their driving habits because they are just that, habits?This is when I went into depth about the lifelong drivers education program and that even if we donít change for ourselves that we must change for the generations to come because we influence how our children will grow up to drive.

 

This is when I got one of my friends to change his thoughts.At this time, my friend grasped a better concept of driving psychology in general.At first, he thought that was I was saying that only aggressive drivers needed to change and not the people that we call passive aggressive.Before he understood this concept, he thought that driving psychology was about changing one type of driver in order to accommodate the other drivers, but once he understood that this wasnít the case, he thought that a driving personality makeover might work but it would be more practical to teach children at a young age how to become a supportive driver and that adults should make sure they behave appropriately when there are children in the car because children do pick up on what adults do and are likely to behave in similar ways when they get older.

 

________________________________________________________________________

 

The Question I am answering is Question #02

 

(a) Search Google News section, for "road rage." Describe what you see. Is it a general phenomenon? How do you react?

(b) How do you explain what's going on -- using driving psychology theory. Connect what you found in the news with the problems and solutions you discuss in Question 1.

 

(c) Tell your friends about what you found. Describe their reaction.

 

(a) Search Google News section, for "road rage." Describe what you see. Is it a general phenomenon? How do you react?

 

Road Rage Episodes

(i) I like to share a few incidents with you that I read about in Google News.In San Francisco a road rage incident ended when a 40 year old man shot another driver in the right foot and then fled the scene and was later captured.In another location there was an incident between a passenger and the driver when the passenger became upset at the driver for overtaking another car and the driver hit the passenger with the butt of a revolver.In Vancouver, British Columbia a truck driver was left for dead when his truck flew into the water after a road rage episode with another car.Both vehicles were seen speeding and quickly changing lanes minutes before the incident.The truck was pulled out of the water but there was no sign of the driver.

 

It is a General Phenomenon

 

(ii) After reading about these incidents and seeing thousands more, I am completely convinced that road rage is a general phenomenon.Not only is it happening in the United States but according to what I have seen, it is happening around the world.It seems like people are getting killed and injured intentionally by strangers and by people they know, take the incident above, for example, where the driver hit the passenger with a gun.And, it is not like road rage is something that happens once in a while, but instead, it is a common occurrence.It seems as if you should never feel safe when in a car again because you never know what will happen, even if you are a passenger.

 

My Reactions

 

(iii) I was really shocked by the enormous amount of road rage incidents that I found by simply typing road rage in the news section of the Google search engine.I found over 2,000 road rage incidents, many which ended in either death or injury of one of the parties involved.I honestly never realized how much road rage occurs and that it is such a big part of driving until I searched for road rage incidents.When I first saw the results that my search pulled up, I didnít even have words to describe my reactions and all I could think was wow! I was so amazed, shocked, and stunned at what I saw and at the number of road rage incidents that have just happened in the last few days, AMAZING!

 

(b) How do you explain what's going on -- using driving psychology theory. Connect what you found in the news with the problems and solutions you discuss in Question 1.

 

Explanation

 

i) I can explain what is going on in the situations that I described above using the driving psychology theory by simply saying that we are a culture of disrespect.If you think about it, who would shoot their passenger or even harm their passenger for voicing their opinions unless we were disrespectful of our passengersí thoughts and feelings.I am pretty sure that at one time or another we have all gotten irritated and annoyed with our passengers for comments that they have made about our driving.Well, guess what, that irritation and annoyance is a form of disrespect because there is no reason why we should get annoyed at someone for voicing there opinion, especially if they are doing so because they are scared for their lives.So, the next time you are about to get mad at your passenger remember that they are your friends and your family.

 

I think that you should also keep that in mind when it comes to other drivers.By this, I mean that you should keep in mind how you would feel if someone treated your friends or your family members the way you sometimes treat other drivers.Letís say, for example, that you get upset at an older driver for driving slowly and at the first opportunity that comes your way you decide to pass this ďoldĒ person and then decide to give them the bird.Well, now, just imagine how you would feel if someone did that to your grandma or grandpa or letís go even further and imagine the day that you become old and are driving in a similar manner.So, how would you feel?Not so good right?Well, how about we keep that in mind the next time we get annoyed and irritated at other drivers.

 

I believe that by bringing these types of incidents to the publicsí attention, the public will be more willing to change their attitude, beliefs, and ways of driving.If you remember back to question one section b, then you will remember that I said that I believe the biggest solution discussed in the two text books that I am reading concerning road rage and aggressive driving is bringing forth the problem of road rage and aggressive driving.By putting these incidents in the news I think it will make the public more aware about the seriousness these issues and eventually we might be able to change these driving styles.BUT, this will not happen unless these incidents are brought to the publics attention with the cause of the accident listed as road rage.I donít remember ever hearing anything like the incidents mentioned above without having to search for them.

 

(c) Tell your friends about what you found. Describe their reaction.

 

My Dadís Reactions

 

(i) I explained the three incidents that I described above to my dad and his reactions were quite similar to mine.He could not believe that someone shot another person in the foot; he thought it was pretty bizarre.He thought that it was just ridiculous and with the look on his face I would say he was stunned.He said that he couldnít believe that the guy just left and that he had to know that he would get caught for it.When I showed him the picture that I have provided for you above, he did a complete inspection on it and said that it looked pretty beat up and that it even looks like it might have rolled a few times before entering the water.

 

My dad did not realize how big of an issue road rage was until I told him that I had found over 2,000 road rage incidents that have occurred within the last few days, even though I have been teaching him about driving psychology since the beginning of the course.After telling him about the incidents that I discussed with him (and above) he told me that he has been thinking about road rage more often and the possible causes of it.He said that he believe these things happen because of the diverse background that the people driving come from.He thinks that road rage and aggressive driving is due to the different driving habits that are obtained in different countries and then brought here when people move to the United States

 

He thinks that we can prevent road rage due to these factors by making a driving etiquette course mandatory before getting your drivers license.He went on to explain what he thought a driving etiquette course should entail and I thought that it sounded a lot like the Quality Driving Circles but he said that that name is too confusing and that it should be called driving etiquette because in this course you would learn the ways of the road in the specific country you are in or in other words you would learn how to be a supportive driver.

 

He also thinks that if there were to publish a book either entitled Driving Etiquette or Quality Driving Circles that a Driving Etiquette book would seem to be more interesting because of the titles name.He thinks that a book entitled Driving Etiquette would catch the eye of a possible reader more so than a book entitled Quality Driving Circles because it sounds more interesting to read and most people are interested in etiquette, at least to some degree, and a book entitled Quality Driving Circles sounds more like a manual type of book.

 

________________________________________________________________________

 

The Question I am answering is Question #03:

(a) Select some student reports at www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups  Discuss your reactions to what they did Ė their ideas, their method, and their explanations. What did they gain from doing their reports? How do their ideas influence what you yourself think about these issues?

 

(b) Now go to Google Groups search and type in "driving". See if you can corroborate the conclusions of the student reports which were done several years ago. Is this still going on the same way?

 

(a) Select some student reports at www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups  Discuss your reactions to what they did Ė their ideas, their method, and their explanations. What did they gain from doing their reports? How do their ideas influence what you yourself think about these issues?

 

Generational Report

 

For part (a) of question #03 I decided to choose three different reports from the link provided above.These are the five that I chose to do and the link to their full report is also provided:

1.      http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups/newgroups71.html , By Ema

2.      http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups/newsgroups13.html , By Marilyn Ortal

3.      http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups/newsgroup72.html , By Janice Kamm

 

(i) So, the first report that I will be discussing can be found at http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups/newgroups71.html and is written by Ema.Ema wrote about different stories that she found throughout the news dating from 1997 to 1998.Now, as it is stated in the directions above I would like to discuss some of my reactions to her report, including my reactions to her ideas, methods, and explanations.

 

1.      IDEAS:Her ideas were very consistent with the ideas of driving psychology.By this I mean that it seems like she completely agrees with the theory of driving psychology, although it does not seem like she is too familiar with the causes of road rage and how it can be contained.Maybe the theory was not as developed when this report was written, but it seems as if her questions can be answered today.Besides the fact that this person does not seem to completely understand road rage and its causes, I do completely agree with the ideas provided in the report.She discusses many of the laws that are broken that may precipitate road rage, that must be followed as well as other issues such as time and how everyone always seems to be rushing and how we can solve this.

 

2.      METHODS:Basically, what she did here was chose a handful of news articles that she found and wrote a brief description about what each article entailed.After doing this, she made her own comments about each article.I think that her approach to this was quite interesting and educational, especially for her.I believe that if I was to do something like this that I would probably learn a lot because you are not only finding these articles and reading them but then you are critically thinking and analyzing them.Through critical thinking and analysis, you are not only likely to remember the information provided to you, but you are also more likely to be able to apply was you have learned to yourself and your behaviors.I think this is an excellent way for people to understand what is really going on in the world as well.

 

3.      EXPLANATIONS:It is kind of difficult to say what her explanations are because she basically did a read and react type of report, but, let me give it a shot.Basically, she just explains that people need to change.Although she doesnít actually say those words, she does say that we need to become more aware of our surroundings, that we need to leave earlier so that we are not always rushing, and that we should behave while driving, such as obeying the speed limit, all the time and not only when we see a police officer.For this aspect of the report, I also completely agree.We, as a society need to change our behaviors in order to benefit the people as a whole.I think that Ema has a really good explanation her for helping the road rage epidemic.

 

What They Learned

 

(ii) I think that from doing this report, Ema has probably gained a lot because not only did she have to find and read these news articles but she had to do some serious thinking about her reactions and opinions on the subject matter.This means that through critical thinking and critical analysis of the information provided for her, I am pretty sure that she has retained a lot of what she had learned.I think she has also gained a better self awareness because through doing a report like this, I believe that a person is likely to become more aware of themselves and their behaviors because they are constantly thinking about this information in order to do a report on it.I am sure she also gained some knowledge on how to look up news articles as well as other things on the internet.

 

How They Have Influenced Me

 

(iii) It is kind of hard for me to say how her ideas have influenced my thinking about these issues because, honestly, I have a lot of the same ideas as I have expressed above.One way that this has influenced by thoughts about these issues, is that I now realize that they are people who believe in this kind of stuff and it gives me some hope that maybe one day everyone will believe in the driving psychology theory and then maybe our world can change for the better.Before, I was not sure if people actually would believe in this theory because my professor, Dr. Leon James has talked about how many people have disregarded this theory and it is refreshing to know that some people believe in it.It made me think that there might be a chance to convert negative driving styles into positive ones.

 

Generational Report

 

(i) The second report that I decided to write about can be found at http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups/newsgroups13.html and is written by Marilyn Ortal.This report is about this persons experience with newsgroups.This report talks about many different aspects of people and newsgroups and I will give my reactions to it in the same manner that I have previously, meaning that I will discuss my reactions to the ideas, methods, and explanations provided to me.

 

1.      IDEAS: In this report, Marilyn Ortal has introduced to me many new ideas, such as the idea that people react in newsgroups because they have something in common with the others in this newsgroups and that the benefit of being in a newsgroup is that you end up realizing that there are a lot of people that are in the same situation that you are in and that you are not alone.She has also discussed how she had to search again and again for a newsgroup that she was comfortable with, which seems to make sense to me.I think she has brought up many good ideas that make perfect sense to me.I think that there are other benefits a person can obtain through participating in a newsgroup, like the opportunity to talk about things that are on your mind.

 

2.      METHODS:For this report this person went on a search for a newsgroup that they could benefit from and relate to and decided to participate in a love and long distance relationships newsgroup since this person was currently in a long distance relationship.While participating in this newsgroup, she put together some of her ideas as to why people react in newsgroups, what the benefits are from participating in a newsgroup, and her observations on how people react.I thought that this seemed like a pretty interesting way to do a write up.It was very hands-on and seemed like it would be real fun and enjoying doing.I, personally, would probably have quite some fun doing something like this.

 

3.      EXPLANATIONS:I think that the explanations that she gave concerning the questions that she had to answer were very valid, especially when it comes to the discussion on how people benefit from participating in a newsgroup.Although I have never participating in one, it seems like the explanation that she has given makes sense, at least to me.I do think that there are more benefits that one can receive through participating in a newsgroup and that she could have elaborated a little, but like I said before I have never participated in a newsgroup so I am not one hundred percent sure of the actual benefits besides what this person has told me and the speculations that I have.

 

What They Learned

 

(ii) Marilyn Ortal seems to have learned a good deal from participating in this newsgroup and actually calls this experience a learning experience.She has gained a better understanding of how many people have a lot of things in common and that it is rare that a single person is the only one dealing with a specific problem.She also learned that a lot of people are really opinionated and have a lot to say based on their own experiences.I think, through reading this report, that this person has learned a lot about other people.

 

How They Influenced Me

 

(iii) The main thing that this report has influenced me to think about is participating in a newsgroup.I never really thought about participating in one and actually never really saw the reason to, but as life gets more stressful and there are more things for me to deal with, I am actually contemplating the idea of joining one because of the benefits that I might receive.I now realize that participating in one might actually relieve some of the stress I have because some of it comes from the thoughts that I am alone in the problems that I have to deal with, but, if I am able to find people that are coping with the same problems, I might actually be able to get rid of some of the stress that I carry on my shoulders.

 

Generational Report

 

(i) The last report that I will discuss can be found at http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s2003/newsgroups/newsgroup72.html and is written by Janice Kamm.This person has also talked about their experiences with newsgroups but in a slightly different way.Now, I will discuss my reactions to this personís ideas, methods, and explanations.

 

1.      IDEAS:During her report Janice Kamm has talked about a lot of issues, my favorite on being rubbernecking, which is when everyone driving turns their heads to see what is going on when there is an accident, someone is getting pulled over, etc.I did not really find many ideas presented in her report, well ideas of her own at least.She does think that there is not that much road rage and aggressive driving out there but that this phenomenon is increasing.I completely disagree with this idea because everyday I witness some kind of aggressiveness on the road and often I see the beginnings of road rage episodes, especially after taking this class.

 

2.      METHODS:For her report, Janice Kamm found a handful of statements that were said in a newsgroup and commented on them.I thought that she could have put a little more of her own opinions into the paper because to me it seemed like she just repeated a lot of what was said in the statements that she found when she offered her own opinions in her comments.

 

3.      EXPLANATIONS:Janice Kamm explains that it traffic is very frustrating, especially when people are rubbernecking all the time.She also explains that something needs to be done about aggressive drivers no matter how few of them they are.She explains that everyone has their comfort zone and that is why some people driver slower than others and that everyone should be aware of their surroundings.I completely agree with her explanations because the roads are becoming more unsafe everyday and we do need to do something about this and people can help by understanding that everyone has a comfort zone and that you shouldnít push them beyond what they are comfortable and everyone should ALWAYS be aware of what is going on around them.

 

What They Learned

 

(ii) I think that she has learned that aggressive driving and road rage is a lot more serious than she once thought and that something really does need to be done about it.I thought this because of her reaction to the law that was trying to be passed in Maryland about aggressive driving being a felony.I think that she has also learned that people have different reasons for driving in different ways because she was speculating as to why someone might have been driving slower when it was raining and this is when she talked about the comfort zone.

 

How They Influenced Me

 

(iii) Her ideas made me think about the issue more carefully, especially when she said that they are only a few people out there who are aggressive drivers.This statement made me think of all the aggressiveness I have witnessed since taking this driving psychology course, which would mean in the last three months.I have witnessed more aggressive driving than I can count on one hand and I have witnessed some dangerous road rage episodes as well, at least two or three and although this is not a big number, the things that I witnessed were scary to me.So, her report mainly made me think about all of the times that I have been a witness to aggressive driving.

 

(b) Now go to Google Groups search and type in "driving". See if you can corroborate the conclusions of the student reports which were done several years ago. Is this still going on the same way?

 

My Search Through Newsgroups

 

(i) I found a lot of newsgroups when I searched for them and they seem to going on in the same way.When I say this I mean that most of the newsgroups are still about people complaining about other drivers and telling about their tales.I am not sure if this is true or not since this is the first time I am looking at this sort of thing, but I think that there are a lot more newsgroups now due to the increasing concern about aggressive driving and road rage although many people don't see it in this way.I think that there is a lot of talk about driving because it is increasingly becoming a more stressful thing and there are more people driving now which means there are more people complaining and to complain about.

 

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The Question I am answering is Question #05:

 

(a) Our textbook Road Rage and Aggressive Driving has checklist exercises in several chapters. Have a friend do the following four exercises:

 

(i) Exercise on Aggressive Thoughts and Feelings on p. 65-66
(ii) Exercise on Are You an Aggressive Competitor on p. 104-5
(iii) Exercise on Positive Driving Behaviors on p. 212-3
(iv) Exercise on Your Passive Aggressive Road Rage Tendency on p. 88-9

 

(b) Discuss the results with your friends. How do you explain the results? Where did they get this style of reacting and driving? How do they help you understand some principles of driving psychology mentioned in the book?

 

(c) Discuss how this activity helps you to become more aware of yourself as a driver.

 

(a) Our textbook Road Rage and Aggressive Driving has checklist exercises in several chapters. Have a friend do the following four exercises:

 

(i) Exercise on Aggressive Thoughts and Feelings on p. 65-66
(ii) Exercise on Are You an Aggressive Competitor on p. 104-105
(iii) Exercise on Positive Driving Behaviors on p. 212-213
(iv) Exercise on Your Passive Aggressive Road Rage Tendency on p. 88-89.

 

Who Did The Exercises?

 

(i) I would like to begin this section by telling you who I ask to do these exercises and why I chose this person.First off, I asked my dad to do these exercises and I did so for a couple of reasons.My first reason is that I know a lot about how my dad drives and I know that he is an aggressive driver and that he has been working on becoming a supportive driver.So, I thought it would be interesting to see the differences in my opinions of his driving behaviors compared to his own opinions considering that aggressive drivers often donít see their aggressiveness.Surprisingly, my dad was aware of his aggressive tendencies maybe due to the fact that I have been teaching him about driving psychology, although some of our opinions, mine which I kept to myself, were contradicting.

 

The next reason I chose to do these exercises with my dad was because of the fact that he is my dad and a lot of my driving behaviors may be due to the fact that I drove in the car with him as a child and still to this day.I thought that by doing the exercises with my dad that it might give me some insight concerning my driving behaviors and it kind of did, but I think that the kind of insight that I obtained could have also been obtained through doing the exercises with a non-relative.I did get to see, though, the similarities between me and my dads driving behaviors and the attitudes that we possess while on the road.

 

(b) Discuss the results with your friends. How do you explain the results? Where did they get this style of reacting and driving? How do they help you understand some principles of driving psychology mentioned in the book?

 

My Explanation of the Results

 

(i) I believe my dad to be a pretty aggressive driver when taking into consideration the responses that he gave to the exercises.Although he is an aggressive driver, he did not score high in driving competition and reckless driving although he scored pretty high in the fantasies of retaliation and revenge category.My dad does not seem to be a passive aggressive driver and according to him the passive aggressive drivers that he comes into contact (by contact I do not mean a collision) with help to frustrate him leading him to his aggressive tendencies.††

 

According to the responses that my dad gave concerning his positive driving behaviors, he does have a lot of these positive driving behaviors.I think that a lot of that has to do with the fact that I have been teaching him about driving psychology since the beginning of the course and he also believes that this has something to do with it as well, showing that driving psychology may be the answer to aggressive driving tendencies.

 

Where Did This Driving Style Come From

 

(ii) My dad feels that his driving style originated with learning how to drive from his brother.He believes as he gained experience behind the wheel that he eventually made his own driving style and that is how he drives today.He does believe that his dad had some influence concerning his aggressive driving tendencies but did not influence him a whole lot because he does not remember his dad ever being that aggressive.According to my dad, his dad would sometimes say something like, ďdarn youĒ to another driver but he never went any further than that.

 

My dad feels as if society today has played some role in his aggressive driving tendencies because of the fact that society accepts these types of behaviors.My dad stated that when he was growing up, acting how people act today was not considered appropriate and rarely would you see a minor incident escalate.For instance, if some said, ďdarn you, you cut me off,Ē then the other driver would simply apologize.My dad realizes that this is no longer the case and believes that this has something to do with his aggressive driving tendencies.

 

I agree with my dad that everything that he has mentioned has played a role in his driving style that he partakes in today.I am sure that his father and well as his brother, who taught him how to drive, has played a role in influencing his driving behavior.I also believe that societyís willingness to accept aggressive driving has helped to influence how he drives today because how he drives in never looked down upon but instead is condoned.

 

Ways Theyíve Helped Me Better Understand Some Principles of Driving Psychology

(iii) My dad has helped me to better understand some of the principles of driving psychology by making me realize that by becoming aware of how you drive and why you drive in this manner may actually help you to become a less aggressive driver.He has also helped me to become more aware that society does play a big role in how drivers behave when on the road because if society accepts a certain type of behavior an individual is also more likely to accept this behavior and this is shown through my dads response as to where he picked up his driving habits.He has also helped me realize that parentsí and others we look up to do help us learn certain ways of driving, no matter how minimal their influence may be.

I have learned that we donít drive in a certain way because that is our personality but that we drive a certain way because the people in our lives and society tells us that thatís how we should drive in order to survive in a world that is all about ourselves.I have learned through my dad that it is possible to change our driving habits because as I teach these driving principles to my dad I notice slight changes in his driving habits and I have come to realize that society as a whole could change if they wanted too.

 

(c) Discuss how this activity helps you to become more aware of yourself as a driver.

 

How It Has Helped Me

 

(i)I think this activity has helped me to become more aware of myself as a driver by making me aware of how I deny things on the road as well as how I may make excuses for the actions I partake in while driving.I noticed throughout the exercise process that my dad often has reasons as to why he behaved in this manner.I then came to realize that I also make excuses for the way I behave while driving.I have come to realize that I sometimes deny that I am being aggressive or that something just might be my fault.

 

I think that this activity has also helped me to realize where my driving style has come from.I now realize that I drive a lot like my dad and that my driving behaviors are very similar to his as well.Now that I know this I feel that it will be easier for me to change my driving style and behaviors on the road.

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The Question I am answering is Question #06:

 

(a) Search the Web and the University of Hawaii Library Electronic Resources of full text journals to find out what is known about how cell phone use affects people's driving. Summarize some of this literature. Be sure you have articles from both the Web and the Library Electronic Journals Databases. Give the full reference and link for each article.

 

(b) Use the theory in the Lecture Notes to explain what drivers need to learn about themselves in order to be able to handle the proper use of cell phones while driving. Is it better to train drivers to use cell phones properly or is it better to outlaw the use of any cell phones while driving? Discuss the solutions.

 

(a) Search the Web and the University of Hawaii Library Electronic Resources of full text journals to find out what is known about how cell phone use affects people's driving. Summarize some of this literature. Be sure you have articles from both the Web and the Library Electronic Journals Databases. Give the full reference and link for each article.

 

My Articles

 

(i) The articles that I chose to use can be found at:

 

1) http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu:2094/?sid=CSA:psycinfo-set-c&pid=%3CAN%3E2006%2D04839%2D001%3C%2FAN%3E%26%3CPB%3EUS%3A%20Heldref%20Publications%3C%2FPB%3E%26%3CPY%3E2006%3C%2FPY%3E%26%3CAU%3EMcGarva%2C%20Andrew%20R%20%281%29%3B%20Ramsey%2C%20Matthew%20%281%29%3B%20Shear%2C%20Suzannah%20A%20%281%29%3C%2FAU%3E&issn=0022-4545&volume=146&issue=2&spage=133&epage=146&date=2006%2D04%2D00&genre=article&aulast=McGarva&aufirst=Andrew&auinitm=R&title=Journal%20of%20Social%20Psychology&atitle=Effects%20of%20driver%20cell%2Dphone%20use%20on%20driver%20aggression

 

2) http://micro189.lib3.hawaii.edu:4471/ids70/view_record.php?id=4&recnum=5&SID=0fd4879caeaf446a5c307c547a874d08&mark_id=search%3A4%3A7%2C0%2C10

 

3) http://www.nsc.org/issues/idrive/inincell.htm

 

4) http://www.aaafoundation.org/resources/index.cfm?button=cellphone

I was able to get two complete references for the items listed above.I was able to get a complete reference for items 1 and 2.

 

1) McGarva, Andrew R., Matthew Ramsey, and Suzannah A. Shear. "Effects of Driver

Cell-Phone Use on Driver Aggression." Journal of Social Psychology 146 (2006): 133-153.

 

2) Rosenbloom, Tova. "Driving Performance While Using Cell Phones: and

Observational Study." Journal of Safety Research 37 (2006): 207-212.

 

To keep my research consistent I chose to find two articles from the web and two articles from the University of Hawaii Library Electronic Resources.

 

My Summary on the Effects of Cell Phone Use While Driving

 

(ii) The first journal that I read is entitled Effects of Driver Cell-Phone Use on Driver Aggression and can be found by clicking on the first link that I have provided for you above, it is also the first complete reference that I have listed above.For this study, researchers assessed the use of cell phones on mild forms of driversí aggression.They also did two different experiments and under experiment one, the participant was traveling well under the posted speed limit and in experiment two, the participant was at a stop at a stoplight that had turned green.For both experiments, the participants were behind someone using a cell phone.For this study they used both male and female participants and found some differences in their aggression levels while using a cell phone.

 

Male participants were more likely to show their frustration by honking their horn when they were either stopped at a stop light, behind driver using a cell phone, even though the light had turned green and when driving behind a slow driver that was on a cell phone.Female participants were more likely to show their anger through negative facial expressions, such as facial expressions showing disapproval, in both situations compared to their male counterparts.These results show that the use of cell phones is contributing to roadway aggression.

 

The second journal that I read was Driving Performance while using cell phones: anobservational study and can be found by clicking on the third link that I have provided for you above and is also the second complete reference that I have listed above.This study observed the impact of using a hands-free cell phone while driving through spontaneous observations.They studied speed and safe gap keeping behaviors for this study.They also studied the disturbance created by using a cell phone and the driverís awareness of this disturbance.

 

For this study they observed 23 male adults who were driving for and hour and a half and were unaware that they were being observed/studied.Each participant received a phone call, which was made by one of the researchers.

 

The results were as follows:the gaps between the driverís talking on the cell phone and of the drivers in front of them grew smaller when the driver was having a conversation on the cell phone.It was also found that drivers who engaged in short conversations were unlikely to change their speed whereas people engaged in long (over 16 minutes) conversations drove at a faster speed. There were no findings of the effect of the disturbance created by using the cell phone and the driversí awareness of this disturbance.

 

The third journal that I read is entitled Does Cell Phone Conversation Impair Driving Performance?†† This journal can be found by clicking on the third link that I have provided for you above.This study is part of a larger study that was conducted by the University of Utah researchers and was published in the November 2001 issue of Psychological Science, the flagship journal of the American Psychological Society.

 

The results of the study are as follows: the researchers found that people engaged in a cell phone conversation missed twice as many simulated traffic signals compared to those not talking on a cell phone.When a participant that was driving and talking on a cell phone did notice these signals they took a significantly longer amount of time to respond to these signals.The last thing that these researchers found was that these results are applicable to people using both hands-free cell phones and hand-held cell phones.

 

The fourth journal that I read was The Effect of Cellular Phone Use Upon Driver Attention and can be found by clicking on link number 4 above.According to this study the use of cell phones while driving does not interfere a great deal with a persons ability to control a car, except when discussing the elderly population in which cell phone use is a little more dangerous because they have a tendency to cross the lines on the road while driving.††† In this study the ways in which a cell phone might be a possible distraction was not studied.

 

For this study each participant was given five different scenarios while driving in a simulator.The five scenarios are as follows: placing a call on the cell phone, having a simple conversation on the cell phone, having a complex conversation while using the cell phone, tuning a radio, and one scenario there was no distraction.It was found that people were most distracted when having a complex conversation on the cell phone and the least distracted when having a simple conversation and placing a call.Tuning the radio came after placing a call.To measure this, the researchers counted the number of times a participant failed to respond to a situation and if they did respond, how long it took.The older group of participants are twice as likely to not notice a situation while driving and talking on the cell phone.

 

They also found that having a telephone conversation on a cell phone is no more distracting than talking with a passenger, but as more a more cell phones are being used the number of conversations while driving is likely to increase.Older drivers should be cautioned against placing calls and talking to the cell phone while driving.

 

(b) Use the theory in the Lecture Notes to explain what drivers need to learn about themselves in order to be able to handle the proper use of cell phones while driving. Is it better to train drivers to use cell phones properly or is it better to outlaw the use of any cell phones while driving? Discuss the solutions.

 

Itís A Learning Experience

 

(i) According to the class lecture notes and class discussions people need to learn how to properly use the different things, such as cell phones, while driving because it is impractical to make everyone on the road stop using cell phones.What drivers need to learn about themselves in order to be able to properly use a cell phone while driving is that they need to take on more responsibility while driving if the choose to use a cell phone at the same time.Driving by itself is a complex task, let alone adding a cell phone conversation to it.

 

They need to learn what areas of their driving skills diminish when they talk on the phone and then they need to try to make sure that these areas donít diminish and they can do this with practicing the different steps of using a cell phone while driving before they actually drive and can continue practicing while they do drive.They also need to learn about themselves, their weaknesses and strength so that they can pay particular attention to their weaknesses as drivers while they drive and have a conversation on a cell phone.There are many things one can learn about themselves to become a better driver on and off the phone but the main thing is that they learn how to drive when on a cell phone and that their driving capabilities do not diminish because of cell phone use.

 

My Opinion

 

(ii)I think it is better to train drivers how to properly use a cell phone while driving rather than to outlaw the use of cell phones while driving.I think that the second idea is highly unpractical because you cannot keep everyone from using a cell phone at every moment of everyday and even if you could people are so used to having this privilege that police officers would be pulling people over left and right and the courts would be packed everyday that court was held.I feel that if you make people pull over to the side of the road that this will cause more traffic because people are constantly slowing down and switching lanes and then are trying to get back on the freeway.On the other hand, making it against the law to talk on a cell phone and drive could cut back on some accidents.

 

I think that the more practical solution is to train drivers how to properly use a cell phone while driving.I am not exactly too sure how we would go about training people but maybe when someone goes in to get their license or have their license renewed we could implement some kind of program.We could have people put into situations while using a cell phone and gradually teach them how to respond in different situations so that they would be prepared if that type of situation occurred while they were really driving.I think this way would be easier to implement because you either take the course or you donít and if you donít then you donít get a drivers license.If you take the course then you get a drivers license and you know how to properly use a cell phone while driving.

________________________________________________________________________

 

Advice To Future Generations

 

In order to succeed in the course you need to make sure that you are always on top of things and by this I mean do not procrastinate and keep up with all the readings and materials assigned to you in class.Also, keep an open mind because you may learn things that you do not agree with but if you are able to keep an open mind then you may actually find some truth in what you learn, I know I did.You must also strive hard and be ready to do some work.Although this class takes a lot of time and effort and you have to do a lot of work to achieve a good grade, I believe that in the end it is worth it.I have had so much fun writing these papers which in the beginning I actually was dreading.Although the papers may seem really hard to do since they are so long, they are actually pretty easy once you actually sit down to do them.Dr. Leon James allows a lot of room for your own opinions while writing these papers, so take some time and think about your thoughts on the subject and just write, but remember to start early to avoid the stress that may come along with waiting until the last minute.

 

In order to succeed in this class you must always come to class prepared and this kind of goes hand in hand with always staying on top of things.If you go to class with the readings done and are ready to participate it makes the class a lot more interesting and entertaining because every class you listen to oral presentations that your classmates have prepared based on the readings assigned for that week.If you have read the readings then you will understand what is going on and be ready to ask questions, which is required from you as part of your participation grade, about things that you do not completely understand because hopefully your classmate has done some further research on the topic and can answer any uncertainties that you have.

 

So, remember, in order to succeed you must not procrastinate.You must come to class with the readings read and with some possible questions about the material so that you are ready to participate.You must also come prepared when you are doing your oral presentations and this means that you have done some further research, which is required of you because you must provide three links that relate to your outlines and presentations.I think that one of the biggest things that you can do to succeed is start your papers early.It does not take much to write one to two pages every few days but it does take a lot to write twenty pages in a week.Good luck and remember to have fun with it.

 

There are many things that you can get out of the class and most of them all surround the fact that you will become more aware of yourself.Not only will you become more aware of your behaviors while driving but you also become aware of your behaviors during other aspects of your life.Since you learn so much about aggressiveness you are able to pin point when you act aggressively and then have the choice to change and since aggressiveness is not something that we only partake in while driving we are able to actually apply this class to our life in general.You will also learn how to become less stressed while driving, which I have now found to be one of the biggest stressors in life because of this class and now I am able to change this.When you take this class you really begin to see and understand that driving is really stressful and you are able to make it less stressful through techniques that you are taught in this class.

 

You can also expect to obtain a better understanding of other people as well and why so many people drive aggressively and why so many people participate in road rage episodes.You will learn why these things are so dangerous and even deadly.You may even become afraid of these things, aggressive driving and road rage that is.I know that through learning what I have learned in this class, I have become afraid but I think that this is a good thing because it will make you want to change.When you come to realize how dangerous road rage can become, you will more than likely be ready to become a reformed driver and you will actually feel really good when you act in a courteous manner towards other drivers and I say this from experience.

 

My homepage: http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leon/409af2006/vanderhoof/vanderhoof-home.htm

Class Homepage: http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy25/classhome-g25.htm