Report 2:
My Understanding of Driving Psychology
By Justin Golder
Instructions for this report are at:
www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy22/409a-g22-report2.htm 
I am answering Questions 1, 4, 7, 5. and 3.

 

The Question that I am answering is Question 1:

(a) Consider Tables 1, 2, 3, and 4 in the Lecture Notes, in the Section on Driving Psychology Theory and Charts at  www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy22/409a-g22-lecture-notes.htm#Charts  Consult the article from which the Tables were taken. (b) Using your own words, describe the three behavioral domains and levels of a driver (nine cells). (c) Illustrate each domain with your own driving behavior skills and errors, or that of another driver you know well, or a driver in a particular movie. (d) Make up a "driving personality makeover" plan for yourself (or another driver you know well), relating specifically to negative thoughts you have about other road users. (e) Discuss the problems you anticipate in carrying out such a plan successfully. (f) Any other comments you wish to make.

b) †††† Table 1 discusses the three areas of behavioral domains that driverís must be aware of when learning to drive successfully.The first area is the affective behavioral domain.This domain covers all of the feelings that one encounters while driving a car.For example when you get angry and yell because a light changed to red right before you get there this is an example of a negative affective behavior that you must change in order to become a good supportive driver.An example of a positive affective behavior is thinking that people make mistakes and not perceiving other drivers as hostile.

 

††††††††† The second area in the behavioral domain covers the cognitive portion of driving.The cognitive domain covers all of your thoughts while driving on the road.For example when you are driving and your mind is on other things and not on your driving this is an example of a negative cognitive behavior.You must make sure that you keep you mind on the task of driving, otherwise mistakes will happen that could lead to car crashes.An example of a good cognitive behavior is trying to watch the other drivers to alert you to possible risks that they might pose.An example of this is watching other drivers to see whether they use signals when cutting so that you are aware of what they might do.

 

††††††††† The third area in the behavioral domain of driving is the sensorimotor area.This domain covers the actual physical movements you make when driving a car.For example if you get angry at another driver and decide to give him the finger, this is a negative sensorimotor behavior.This could cause less control of the car as well as provoke a violent response from the other driver.A good example of a positive sensorimotor behavior is waving out your back window to thank someone for letting you cut in or any other nice driving behavior.By doing something as simple as this you could be making someone elseís day.

 

††††††††† There are also three levels of a driver where each of the three behavioral domains are seen.The first level is proficiency.The affective side of proficiency is trying to make sure that you keep your emotions under control so that you stay calm and make good driving decisions.Next comes the cognitive proficiency which means that you are learning about how things work by watching everything that is going on around you.Finally you have sensorimotor proficiency which just means that you learn how to incorporate the information that you see and feel into controlling the car.

 

††††††††† The next level of a driver is safety.The affective side of safety is trying to make sure that you keep yourself out of all sorts of negative situations in order to avoid heating up your emotions and doing something stupid.After the affective side of safety you come to the cognitive side.As I said above you are trying to watch the way others drive so that you learn how to spot certain types of driving styles that you should think about avoiding.Once you start doing this you will notice that some people who are speeding will tend to avoid using signals when they change lanes, once you are able to note these people you will be aware that they might change lanes at any time so you should be ready.Last is the sensorimotor safety which encompasses taking what you learned from the affective and cognitive sides and making the right decisions when faced with problem situations.

 

††††††††† The last level of a driver is responsibility.For the affective side of responsibility you have to realize that you are accountable for all the harm that you inflict on yourself and other drivers when operating a vehicle.Once you are able to accept this idea, it will lead you to the cognitive side of responsibility which state that you should make plans that are more prosocial rather than antisocial.Finally comes the sensorimotor side of responsibility which determines the quality of your driving no matter what the situation that you are in.It is a pretty basic idea to comprehend that when you decide to drive you must know that everything that happens when you are in control of the care comes under your responsibility and you should not be driving until you fully accept this.

 

c) ††††† As far as the affective behavior goes while driving I know that I can get pretty worked up.My friends are always joking with me saying that I have road rage.After taking this class I realize that I really do have ďroad rageĒ because I do all the wrong things.I know that in one of the classes we were talking about how stupid it is to yell at traffic lights and yet I find myself doing this almost daily.I tend to rage to myself when a driver does something stupid or dangerous and although I never actually do anything to them I seethe inside for the rest of the car trip.

 

††††††††† The cognitive side of my behavior is pretty good because I am fairly good at paying close attention to my driving as well as the driving of those around me.I am always on the lookout for drivers who seem to be driving dangerously and I make an effort to stay away from them.I can tell when someone wants to cut and so I make room for them before they signal in order to decrease the chance that there will be any sort of collision.One problem that I do have is that if I am very emotional or in a rush I donít pay attention as well as I should because I am thinking about other stuff.This has on occasion caused me to not notice a light changing red.Although I always stop in time, it is still dangerous and bothersome to realize that I did not notice something so important.

 

††††††††† Last is the sensorimotor side of driving.I feel that I handle my car pretty well in that I donít drive fast enough where I am constantly braking and can control my car by just using the accelerator.However sometimes because I am so confident in just using my accelerator instead of my brake I have to brake harder because I tried to just let go of my accelerator to slow down.This is probably not the safest thing because one of these times I may not be able to brake hard enough to stop myself from going into the car in front of me.

 

d) †††† The first thing that I have to do when deciding to have a driver make-over is to record the things that I am doing and thinking.I have to keep track of the habits that I want to change so that I can decide what to do first.After this I will need to take just one of the habits at a time and work on fixing it.For example I need to record when and what I say when I get angry when driving.After I figure out when this happens I need to concentrate on taking each instant one at a time and work on recognizing and stopping this behavior before it begins.

 

e)†††††† Some of the problems that I foresee happening is actually following through with the plan.I have never really been very good at keeping things going because I tend to lose interest or forget because I donít really care.I also think that I will forget to do these things while I am driving because I will be thinking of other things at the time.†† I would like to change some of my bad habits but I have some real problems with control of my emotions.When I was young I had a very bad temper and I never really learned to control it.Now that I am older I am better but it is still something that I donít have completely down.

 

The Question that I am answering is Question 4:

(a) Select six student reports on driving psychology from Generation 20 , as listed in the Readings Section of the Lecture Notes. www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy22/409a-g22-lecture-notes.htm#g20-reports  You must select any two students from Report 1, two different students  from Report 2, and two still different students from Report 3. So there will be a total of six different students, two students for each report. (b) Summarize each of the six reports. Be sure you put a link to the report you are referring to. (c) Add a General Conclusion Section in which you discuss your reactions to what they did Ė (i) their ideas, (ii) their method, (iii) their explanations. (d) What did they gain from doing their reports? (e) How do their ideas influence what you yourself think about these issues? (e) Any other comments you wish to make.

b)†††††

Shari Arakawa-Longboyís report 1 at http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/arakawa-longboy/report1.htm

 

††††††††† Shariís report 1 covered definitions of the driver threefold self, self witnessing methodology, road rage, aggressive driving legislation, the driverís emotional intelligence, the driverís emotional spin cycle, lifelong driver education, theory of driving, and the automatization of driving behavior.Shari also had a large section where she discussed the way she drives and possible causes of this.

 

Jenny Arakaki report 1 at

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/arakaki/report1.htm

 

††††††††† Jennyís report 1 defined, the driver threefold self, self-witnessing methodology, road rage, aggressive driving legislation, the driverís emotional intelligence, the driverís emotional spin cycle, newsgroups for drivers, lifelong driver education, scofflaw, and left lane bandit.According to Jenny newsgroups for drivers is a forum where drivers can discuss their problems with others.It almost sounds like an online QDC.

 

Ikue Fukushima report 2 at

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/fukushima/report2.htm

 

††††††††† Ikueís report 2 started out with an objective self assessment.Ikue looked at her boyfriends driving by assessing many different areas which include, fantasies of retaliation and revenge, high pressure driving and competition, impulsive and reckless driving, best and worst driving traits according to him, best and worst driving traits according to passenger, and witnessing emotions thoughts and actions.Ikue then had a section where she attempted to modify her boyfriends driving behavior.

 

Chris Concepcion report 2 at

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/concep/report%202.htm

 

††††††††† Chrisís report 2 was also an objective self assessment in which he looked at various tests that were found in the Road Rage textbook.The tests that he went through included, your road rage tendency, your range of hostility, your passive aggressive road rage tendency, your verbal road rage tendency, are you a rushing maniac, are you an aggressive competitor, do you support passenger rights in your car, and positive driving behavior.After this he came up with a self modification plan.

 

Jesse Chang report 3 at

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/chang/report%203.htm

 

††††††††† Jesseís report 3 covered a proposal for life long driver education.Most of his report is on chapter 9 from the Road Rage and Aggressive Driving textbook.He discusses,the risk of teenager drivers, the Driver-Zed program, the three components of behavior, a lifelong driving curriculum, QDCís, the Roadrageous video, and elderly drivers.Jesse then gives a proposal for a lifelong driver education that covered, birth to 24 months, toddler, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, adulthood, and elderly.

 

Jeremy Kubo report 3 at:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409as2004/kubo/report3.htm

 

††††††††† Jeremyís report 3 also discussed the chapter on lifelong driver education.Some of the topics that he covered were, teenagers, Driver-Zed, a K-12 curriculum for driving, QDCs, and a graduated licensing approach.Jeremy believes that a lifelong driving education should be split into four parts.The first is infancy through elementary, followed by intermediate, high school, and post high school.So it seems that what he is saying is that there should be a driver education course that is set within the standardized education system.

 

c) Conclusion

 

Shari Arakawa-Longboyís report 1

 

i) †††††† I liked Shariís ideas, I thought that she did a good job of backing up the topics that she covered.Shari covered all of the key ideas from driving psychology and made sure to add her own thoughts on them as well.I also liked how Shari not only used definitions straight out of the book but she used ideas from her previous classmates as well.

 

ii)†††††† Shariís method was great, the report was well laid out and easy to read.Her concepts are clearly marked and discussed so that it is more easily understood.

 

iii) †††† Shariís explanation were well defined and easy to understand.She made sure to give plenty of examples as well as look at it from her own perspective as well as others in her class and the students from previous generations.

 

Jenny Arakaki report 1

 

i) †††††† Jenny like Shari, had solid ideas and made sure that she had many examples to back it up.She covered the biggest areas in driving psychology and I think that anyone who read this report would get a good feeling for what driving psychology is trying to teach.I also liked how she mentioned that most of her definitions came from the book in order to make sure that she gave credit where credit was due.

 

ii) ††††† Jenny also had a well laid out report with all of her sections clearly marked in order to make it more readable.I personally liked her definitions section because of the way that she spaced it, this made it look nicer and more pleasing to look at.

 

iii) †††† Jennyís explanations where well thought out and were easy to understand.I liked her autobiographical section because she put the information that she learned about driving psychology and used it in relation to herself.This can also be useful for others wanting to change because they may look at things about themselves that they never realized that they were doing.

 

Ikue Fukushima report 2

 

i)††††††† I enjoyed reading Fukushimaís report because the idea of doing some self witnessing and then coming up with a plan for changing those habits intrigues me.I would not mind doing something like this as well but I donít think that I could stick to my plan.However after looking at some of the things that she came up with, I can use some of her ideas for making changes in my own driving style.

 

ii)†††††† Fukushimaís report was well laid out which made it easier to read and follow.Fukushimaís charts were well made and really helped me understand what she was doing much better.Her paper also flowed really well and this made her ideas come across better.

 

iii)††††† Fukushimaís explanations had plenty of back up and gave you a real feeling for how to go about changing unwanted driving behaviors.She also summed up some other generations reports that involved the same thing thus adding more ideas on how you could go about modifying yourself.

 

Chris Concepcion report 2

 

i)††††††† Chrisí report 2 also did a report on self modification of unwanted driving behavior.However he took his ideas from the various tests that you can get out of the road rage text.I didnít find his ideas as thorough as Fukushimaís.††

 

ii.) †††† Chrisí report was pretty well laid out, but I think that I preferred Fukushimaís to his.The thing that I did like about his report was the way he set up his charts.They were actually in a table format which just seemed like a nicer way to put it.So he did a decent job on the format of his report.

 

iii) †††† Chris did a good job on explaining what it was that he was doing and made sure to take us through each step.†† He put a lot of the things that he was feeling when doing this which I thought was a good idea because it will give you an idea of what you might do if you end up feeling the same way in these situations.

 

Jesse Chang report 3

 

i) †††††† Jesseís report 3 had a lot of good ideas that I am sure she picked up from class.She supported these with some ideas from the text as well as taking some ideas from the previous generations.This report mainly covered the ideas from chapter nine and I like how Jesse came up with a plan for a lifelong driver education.

 

ii) ††††† Jesseís report 3 was not as well laid out as some of the other reports that I have looked at.She did not have that many headings for her ideas.This gave the report a sort of boring feel to it.There were many paragraphs that were long and it just gave a sort of thrown together look to the report.

 

iii) †††† The explanation that Jesse gave for the report came pretty much straight out of the book.Jesse did take some ideas from previous generations and came up with a unique plan for driver education at all ages of life.She also augmented her ideas with things that they discussed in class to give further information to the readers of the report.

 

Jeremy Kubo report 3 at:

 

i) †††††† Jeremyís report 3, like the previous one, mainly took most of his ideas from chapter nine from the road rage textbook.Therefore his ideas were very similar to Jesseís.I think that I liked Jeremyís idea for a lifelong driver education better than Jesseís because I think that Jesse had to many steps whereas Jeremyís is a little easier to do.

 

ii)†††††† Jeremyís report 3 lay out was very similar to Jesseís.I thought that some of the other reports that I had seen were better because it looked nicer because of the headings and good spacing.Jeremyís report kind of ran together with few headings and many paragraphs.

 

iii) †††† I found that Jeremyís explanations were well thought out and had ample evidence to back up what he was saying.Much of his explanations came from the book so they are probably bound to be pretty accurate.He also used some of what the previous generations wrote and phased in some of their ideas into his explanations.

 

d) †††† It seems that all of the students who did these various reports had a better understanding of driving psychology.They were able to use this and relate it to their own lives and see where some of the problems they have lie.After doing these reports some of them even worked on using what they learned to change some bad habits and this is good because they can use these ideas to change other aspects of their live that they would like to work on.

 

e) ††††† Actually after reading their reports I was surprised by how similar their way of thinking was to mine.It seems that after taking this class we all come away with the same sort of notions.Of course the reports that I found most enjoyable to read were the self modification reports.It was interesting to see how they went about changing their behaviors.I couldnít see myself doing this because I donít think that I have the will to see it through and it was nice to see if it really worked for them.

 

The Question that I am answering is Question 7:

(a) Our textbook Road Rage and Aggressive Driving has exercises in several chapters. Do the following four exercises: (i) Exercise on scenario analysis on p. 129; (ii) Exercise on self-assessment on p.134; (iii) Exercise on identifying assumptions on p. 131; and (iv) Exercise on negative vs. positive driving on p. 122. (b) What were your reactions to the exercises? (c) Discuss how these exercises help you to become more aware of yourself as a driver. (d) Do some of the exercises with another driver you know. How do they help you understand some principles of driving psychology mentioned in the book? (e) Any other comments you wish to make.

b)Reaction to Exercises

Exercise on scenario analysis on p. 129

††††††††† This exercise was interesting to me because I think I have actually said every single one of those phrases at least once.For some of them I say them on a daily basis.After reading some of the remedies on what I can do to keep from getting caught up in these oppositional symptoms I realize that it is no wonder I keep feeling this.I donít really do any of the remedies which is probably why I am stuck feeling this way.I realize after doing this exercise that there are a lot of driving problems that I have to fix.

††††††††† Some of the remedies that are down I donít think that I could really see myself doing because it seems so weird.For example making funny animal noises to myself seems a little to out there for me.But on the other hand there are many remedies that I can see as being very useful that I would like to try implementing in my driving.For example the remedies for being overcritical, I find those to be very useful because I tend to be very overcritical for myself and I think that it causes me to make some decisions based on this feeling.

Exercise on self-assessment on p.134

††††††††† After completing this exercise I realize that things that I saw myself doing were different than what my passengers thought.There were some similarities but that was only on the things that were very obvious to everyone.For example I realize that I speed and that is one of the things that everyone else said about me as well.However the things that others felt I was doing wrong I thought that I was doing them just fine.It really made me take a look at how I perceive myself and then try to see how others perceive my driving.

††††††††† I guess that it is hard to look at the things that you are doing wrong because nobody wants to see themselves in a bad way.However after realizing that my parents and friends donít see my driving the same way I do I have to make an effort to change, otherwise I am holding my passengers hostage as Dr. James would tell me and that is not a good trait for a driver.It is strange to get used to the fact that the passenger has rights as well because I always felt that since they are in my car I am king.But know I look at myself as more of a dictator who cares about nothing but himself and I realize now that I need to make more of an effort to make my passengers fell more comfortable.

Exercise on identifying assumptions on p. 131

††††††††† After reading this letter I have to really wonder about some people.He has all the wrong attitudes and he doesnít really seem to get what is happening.†† However it makes me realize that this is normal for most people because they donít really know any better.I am able to look at this letter and see all of the mistakes that he made and therefore I am not really very sympathetic towards him.However if I had never taken this course I might feel that he was justified because as a people, Americans tend to be very self absorbed and selfish.

††††††††† I think that this guy needs to take this course because it would help him see that he put himself into this position by taking a very aggressive attitude when he was clearly in the wrong.Of course you also have to realize that he could have been like this as well because the alcohol was affecting his judgment which led to his overly aggressive attitude.

Exercise on negative vs. positive driving on p. 122

††††††††† After completing this exercise I realize that most people would use the negative driving phrases because that way it puts the blame on the other drivers instead of themselves.This makes them feel better about themselves because it is not them that has the problem it is the other driver.I know this because I am good at putting the blame on everyone but me and this carries over to every aspect of my life including my driving.I would have to admit that I always think using the negative driving phrases rather than the positive ones.When I tried to think of positive phrases of my own I couldnít, but it was easy to come up with negative ones.

††††††††† There are a lot of things about these areas that is nice but I donít know if they are really possible.I guess I look at it as something I canít control and that is why I donít change my driving style.It seems so difficult to be able to control your anger because it comes out so quickly.There are some of these things that I already do but I canít say that I do them all the time.Every once in awhile I will get angry or feel upset and then I canít seem to see the positive side to what happens.

c)†††††† As I mentioned above after taking these exercises I realized that I have a lot of work to do.After doing the exercises I found that I had more bad driving habits than I seem to have good ones.Of course this could just be me being overcritical of myself but it is somewhat troubling.Although these exercises pointed out what I was doing wrong, they also showed me some ways that I can change these bad behaviors into better ones.Of course many of these things can be changed just by fixing my mindset just a little.I have to look at things differently and not take everything as hostile or aggressive.

††††††††† Although it seems like a daunting task I am going to just try to take it little by little.I think I shall try to take one of the bad behaviors that these exercises showed me I had and try to use one of the positive examples that were given in the book.I donít know how well or how long I will be able to keep it up but even if it is just for a little while I might be able to learn something and possibly even change my attitude that this is something that is almost impossible to do.

d)††††† It was interesting when I did these exercises with one of my friends because I found that he had a hard time assessing his own driving because he did not understand what was right and wrong.Of course he understood when he was breaking the law but he did not see the affective side of his driving.It was funny because when he saw some of the negative things he asked me why this was the wrong way to handle this situation.It just shows that we have been programmed to view things in a certain way and because we donít have any formal training such as this psych class we canít even begin to change the way that we drive.

The Question that I am answering is Question 5:

(a) Consider Table 5 in the Lecture Notes, in the Section on Driving Psychology Theory and Charts at  www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy21/409a-g21-lecture-notes.htm#Charts  (b) Consult the article from which the Table was taken. (c) Copy and paste the table into your file. Now delete the examples in each cell and replace them with your own examples that you make up. (d) Discuss why driving is such a big problem in all societies and why no effective solutions have yet been found for them. (e) Discuss the solutions offered by Dr. Leon James (www.DrDriving.org). What likelihood is there that his approach will be adopted? Explain. (f) Any other comments you wish to make.

c)

Table 5
Emotionally Intelligent Driver Personality Skills
 

Driver Competence Skills

Aggressive
NEGATIVE DRIVING

Supportive
POSITIVE DRIVING

Not
Emotionally Intelligent
(REPTILIAN DRIVING)
 

Emotionally
Intelligent
(CORTICAL DRIVING)
 

1. Focusing on self vs. blaming others or the situation

"Why is that driver leaving so much room in front of him, he is making me late for class."
 

"I should have left earlier so that I would not be in such a rush to get to school, now I am causing myself stress."

2. Understanding how feelings and thoughts act together

"I am tired, sick, and frustrated. What are these people thinking.Ē
 

"I am scared and upset when I think that I could be hurt or worse right now."
 

3. Realizing that anger is something we choose vs. thinking it is provoked
 

"Why are they always making me so angry that I want to explode."

"I make myself angry because so angry because I let what they do bother me."

4. Being concerned about consequences vs. giving in to impulse

"That guy just cut me off, I am going to show him by doing the same thing back to him."

"If I cut that guy off he might hit me or someone else.Ē
 

5. Showing respect for others and their rights vs. thinking only of oneself


"Sorry I canít let you in but you would just slow me down and make me later."


"If I let this person in I wonít lose that much time and it is the right thing to do."
 

6. Accepting traffic as collective team work vs. seeing it as individual competition

"I am going to get to my destination faster than anyone else no matter what."
 

"If I drive faster than everybody else I might cause an accident that will bog everything down."
 

7. Recognizing the diversity of drivers and their needs and styles vs. blaming them for what they choose to do
 

"Why is that person switching lanes with no signal, that idiot is just asking for it."
 

"I better not drive next to that person he is changing lanes without using a signal."
 

8. Practicing positive role models vs. negative

"If you think I am going to let you in after you got in the other lane to go faster you are in for a surprise."
 

"I should let him in my lane because I should lead by example."
 

9.  Learning to inhibit the impulse to criticize by developing a sense of driving humor

"Why do these stupid people always have to slow down to look at an accident."
 

"This is annoying but what can I do, I guess I will enjoy this leisurely drive."
 

10. Taking driving seriously by becoming aware of oneís mistakes and correcting them

"I am the perfect driver, I never make mistakes.I never get tickets unless some cop needs to make his quota.Ē

"I need to watch out for things that I am doing wrong so that I can improve them the next time I drive."

d)††††† Driving is a problem in all societies because people donít get the proper training to really handle a vehicle.When learning to drive you are taught how to work the car and what the laws are for driving.However there is more to driving than that.You need to learn the proper way to handle your emotions when driving a car because this is a big factor in many of the cases of road rage.I also think that another problem is that not enough people are looking into driving as a problem.Dr. James is a pioneer in this field but he alone can not change the way that driving is viewed.

I also think that people arenít ready to look at the way we drive and change it.For example in Hawaii we tried to use the vans to catch speeders but there was such an outcry that they were removed almost as soon as they started.I am sure that this would have helped stop people from speeding and thus save some lives but people could only see the dollar signs, they could only think about the money that it would cost them to get tickets.Yes these vans would have been more annoying to have around but if it saves lives how can we justify not having them.

††††††††† I had the unique opportunity to live in Egypt for my sophomore through senior years of high school and if you think that the driving is bad here then you donít know anything.Over in Egypt they drive like us here except that there arenít really any traffic rules.About the only thing I think they ticket on is speeding.Over there they donít follow the three traffic signals that are setup in Cairo and they donít follow the lane markers.They are constantly honking at everyone and they always seem to be yelling at one another.This just shows that new driver curriculum needs to be implemented not just for the United States, but for the whole world.

e)†††††† Dr. James has come up with many solutions for changing driving behavior.One of the one that I think would be very useful would be the life long driver education.Right now the education that is offered is woefully inadequate and this is why there are continuing to be more car crashes.If they could come up with a way to teach the right way to drive from and early age then maybe we would not grow up learning bad driving habits from the adults that make up our environment.However I donít see this happening right now because nobody is willing to address the seriousness of this problem and therefore funding for something like this will probably not be feasible.I mean public schools canít even get enough money to keep their music programs alive, so why would they ever think about using it for traffic safety, something that most people donít even realize is a problem.

††††††††† Dr. James also came up with a theory about the three fold self of driving.This theory shows that there behavioral areas that make up a personís driving.They are the affective, cognitive and sensorimotor areas.Right now most driver education places teach you only the sensorimotor area of driving.This is only one third of what actually is involved when you drive a car.However I think that people donít like change and they want to keep it the way that it is because it would be too difficult to come up with a whole new curriculum for learning to drive.Unfortunately this attitude gives untrained new drivers license to get reckless and wild on the highways.

The Question that I am answering is Question 3:

(a) Discuss these two Web sites: drivers.com vs. drdriving.org by first describing their overall appearance and purpose. (b) What are their main differences? Be sure to consider at least these areas: (i) articles (ii) newsletters (iii) style (iv) probable audience (v) public relations or policy (vi) advertising (vii) size (vii) ranking (viii) Other sites that link to each. (c) Any other comments you wish to make.

a) Overall Appearance and Purpose

††††††††† It seems that driver.com has a more modern sleek look to the website.However it is really strange because it has both a driving section and a section on computer drivers which is a weird combination to have.On the other hand drdriving.org has a more educational feel to it.Of course its purpose is to educate and teach people about all aspects of driving behaviors.Driver.com has a news like feel to it plus it covers all aspects of driving such as jobs, and actual car companies.

Their purposes are different from each other.Driver.com seems to be throwing out every piece of information that deals with driving and automobiles.It tries to give everything and anything to all that come to their site.Drdriving.orgís purpose is to educate people about a problem that they donít even realize that we have.Drdriving.org covers everything about driving a car and the psychology behind controlling a vehicle.

b) Differences

i)††††††† Drivers.com has a bunch of articles but it seems that they will take just about anything as long as it has driving or automobile in it.I donít know if this is the right way to go about it because some of the articles will not be understood by the people who come to this site, nor will they care about them.At drdriving.org his articles are geared toward one thing, and that is understanding road rage and driving.What I like about this is that when you go to his site you know what you want rather than drivers.com which gives you too much so that it is overwhelming.I also did not like how they did not have a special tab just for articles like drdriving did.

ii)†††††† It seems that drivers.com has a newsletter which you can signup for whereas drdriving.org does not have one.I guess that is a plus for drivers.com, although personally I donít care about that kind of thing so it doesnít really bother me one way or another.However for people who do want that then I guess that drivers.com is the way to go.

iii)††††† As I mentioned before the driver.com website as a more modern sleeker look to it that I am sure is designed to get the attention of my generation more.Drdriving.org on the other hand is what you would expect out of a website that is created for education.It is a little behind the times as far as style goes and it looks like it was created by an older person rather than someone in my generation.It is very simple but gets its point across, however I think that it could use an upgrade in order to attract a younger audience.

iv)††††† Drivers.com seems to be target a younger generation but at the same time their articles and selection would attract virtually anybody.I think that drivers.com is like a Wal-Mart in that it has everything thrown together and hopes to attract as many people as possible.On the other hand, drdriving.org seems to be more geared towards students and professors as well as those that are very interested in the topic of road rage.If drivers.com is a Wal-Mart than drdriving.org would be a specialty store like CompUSA.

v)†††††† Drivers.com does have a page where they discuss their policy but frankly I found it to be boring and could barely get through it.I did not see a policy page on drdriving.org nor did I find a public relations page.

vi)††††† Drivers.com has heavy advertising.The ads are all over their site and I donít really like that.If we want ads they should have a link that we can click to see it, but instead drivers.com has it popping in our face the whole time we are on the site.In contrast, drdriving.org has very few ads, one of the few is his book Road Rage and Aggressive Driving.I like how his site is clutter free because all of those ads just take away the focus of what is really there.

vii)†††† You know what they say size doesnít really matter but in this case it does.I would have to say that both sites are very large.However I think that drivers.com is larger because it covers more things.Like I said before they have put everything that has the words driving and automobile into this site and this makes things become pretty large.On the other hand drdriving.com is no small thing either, but even though it has a lot of content it is all relevant to the central theme of road rage and aggressive driving.I think that the content of drdriving.com is better than the way too large content of drivers.com.

viii)††† I would have to say that I would rank drdriving.org higher than drivers.com because I like how it is more focused on one idea rather than having everything just thrown together.I found that the information on drdriving.org was much more useful than anything that I found on drivers.com.I would therefore have to recommend drdriving.org.

ix) †††† I think that both sites had many links that pertained to what they had on their website.It seemed that drdriving.org had links that were more useful for me as a student than drivers.com did.However I like the links page that drdriving.org had better than drivers.com

My Report on the Current Generation

Leanna Bergeron (April 25, 2005)

Leanna talked about dream cars and why it is that these cars appeal to us.She said that although we may think that we want these cars for ďregularĒ reasons, once we are hypnotized we find out that we really get a sense of freedom, power, and speed.After finding this out advertisers have used these concepts to try to reach us and make us buy their car.Leanna believes that we have to learn that the name of the care does not give us a license to drive recklessly.

Jayson Dicho (April 25, 2005)

††††††††† Jayson discussed the pros and cons of red light cameras.He stated that although they were set up to stop accidents at intersections, they increased the likelihood of creating rear-end collisions.He also discussed the economic costs of running these things and he found that in gave us more money because a police officer was no longer needed to watch these dangerous intersections.He also stated that this freed up police officers to be doing other things.Here is an example of ways that we can improve driving conditions in order to reduce accidents.

Jadine Makinano (March 28, 2005)

††††††††† Jadine discussed the stress that female truck drivers encountered on the job.She gave many causes for stress among female truck drivers such as, impossible deadlines, disagreements with supervisors, pressure to outperform the men, as well as gender related issues. I found her oral to be interesting because you would not normally think of female truck drivers. This would seem to be an occupation geared more towards men.I could see how it would be rough for a female to work in that kind of a job.

Advice to Future Generations

Make sure that you do all the work on time.Donít slack off because if you do the work will pile up and you will find yourself totally stressed out.However if you do the work in a timely manner this class is very easy to pass. It can get a little tedious but if you stick it out it will be worth it.Although you may come to this class because you need it to graduate you should really pay attention to what Dr. James teaches because it is a fascination subject and it will surely change the way you think about things.

Class Home Page: www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy22/classhome-g22.htm   

My Home Page: www.soc.hawaii.edu/leon/40as2005/golder/409a-g22-home.htm