there), (6) Improving and forming deeper relationships with spouse, family and children, and (7) More competent drivers who don't take as many risks and avoid accidents.
After analyzing the data transcripts and looking at myself as a person, my habits, motives and morality, I found that I began taking more responsibility and cared more about upsetting other drivers. Although I went over the speed limit on several occasions, I was also motivated by fear of getting caught and punished with a speeding ticket.
Dr. James proposed a way to overcome the addition of speeding, which can also be applied to changing other driving behaviors. His three-way approach consists of: (1) Reconditioning your sensorimotor reactions, particularly the muscles, (2) Cognitive Re-education or re-educating the mind to convince the self why speeding is bad, and (3) Affective Education involving attitudes, responsibilities, ethics and morality.
Watson and Tharp in their book Self-Directed Behavior: Self-Modification for Personal Adjustment, suggested that successful self-modification always contains certain essential elements: self-knowledge, planning, information gathering, and modification of plans in the light of new information. There is a definite sequence in deliberate self-modification which involve these following steps:
(1) Selecting a goal and specifying the behaviors you need to change in order to reach the goal. These behaviors are called target behaviors.
(2) Make observations about the target behaviors, using a diary describing those behaviors or counting how often you engage in them. Trying to discover the events that stimulate your acts and the things that reward them.
(3) Work out a plan for change, applying basic psychological knowledge. Your plan might call for changing a pattern of thought that leads to unwanted behavior. You might gradually replace an unwanted behavior with a desirable one. You might also reward yourself for a desired action.
(4) Readjust you plans as you learn more about yourself. As you practice analyzing your behavior, you will be able to make more sophisticate and effective plans for change.
(5) Take steps to ensure that you will maintain the goals you make.
Looking at the big picture, in order to make our roads a safer place and to reduce the number of accidents and fatalities every year, we need to start from the inside out, with behavioral improvements.
Ericsson, K.A., & Simon, H.A. (1993). Protocol Analysis: Verbal Reports as Data. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Watson, D.L. & Tharp, R.G. (1993). Self-Directed Behavior: Self-Modification for Personal Adjustment. Pacific Grove: Brooks/Cole.
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