ICCT

INDEXICAL CONCORDANCE CONTRASTS TECHNIQUE

FOR THE „Dš SECTIONS OF

THE PRINCIPLES OF PSYCHOLOGY, WILLIAM JAMES, 1897

THE AMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION THESAURUS, 1979

 

 

 

Diane Nahl

Psychology 705H

Dr. James

1976

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

JAMES/APA CONTRASTIVE INDICES

TABLE 1:  OVERLAPPING ENTRIES FROM SAMPLE INDICES

TABLE 2:  STATISTICS FOR SAMPLE INDICES

TABLE 3:  TOPIC DOMAIN INDEXICCALLISTS:  NEW INDEX

TABLE 4:  STATISTICS FOR NEW INDEX

 

 

James/APA Contrastive Indices

 

The James sample index contains fifty entries under the D‚s which, for that index, is a substantial number of entries, while the APA sample index includes one hundred and seventy-nine entries under D which is a small number relative to the total index (e.g. much larger section are the A‚s, with nearly four hundred; S; R; etc.). Although the D section for the APA is small (while for games it is average) it contains 265% more entries and, only 10% of the APA sample is represented in James, while 31% of the James sample is represented in the APA. This shows divergent pattern since 90% of the contemporary topics in psychology do not appear in the James index. A somewhat less divergent pattern is apparent if we note that 69% of the topics in James have dropped out in the field of psychology.

Categories which emerged across the two indices are:  Historical/Theoretical Influences; Physiology; Experimental Psychology; Abnormal Psychology/Therapeutic Concerns; Sociolog–ical Concerns.

Table 3 contains indexical lists by category of items from the two sample indices; with the exception of five items from the APA sample (Deer; Dogs; Dolphins; Doves; Ducks) which form a homogeneous grouping and which did not seem to belong in any of the five categories. Each APA entry is identified by a capital (A) following it, James entries are all others. 

The new index for the D‚s in Table 3 allows comparisons of the James and APA entries by category, or Topic Domain. Each Topic Domain reflects divergent of convergent patterns within that category.

The new index contains two hundred and twenty-four entries with none duplicate topic entries (c.f. Table 2). Table 4 shows the percentage of each sample index represented per Topic Domain; the total number of entries per category; and the per–centage of items in a category represented from each sample index. Topic Domain I Historical/Theoretical Concerns) has twenty-four entries in it. 42% of the items from the James sample appear here while the percent of the APA sample appears. This reflects a convergent pattern for this Topic Domain. James entries make up 87% of the category while APA entries constitute 13%, which supports the convergent pattern.

Topic Domain II (Physiology) has ninety-six items with 32% of James represented and 45% of the APA. Both sample in–dices have comparable amounts of references in this Topic Domain though 83% of the entries in the category are from the APA with 17% from James (giving the appearance that the James index does not have a comparable number of references in the Topic Domain). There is a marked divergent pattern for this category. Comparison of the percentage of entries from each index shows topic fragmentation, and a shift is topic focus from sensory perception and brain degenerations and functions (James) to central nervous system functions and degenerations (including the brain); organic bodily functions; and a particular emphasis on drugs (25 entries for ABA). This fragmentation shows techn–ological advances and influences in the study of physiology in the field of psychology since the time of James.

Topic Domain IV (Abnormal Psychology/Therapeutic Concerns) shows a pattern analogous to that discussed in Topic Domain II. It is interesting to note that for this category only 4% of the James index and 9% of the APA are represented though 84% of the entries (c.f. Table 3) reflect Freud‚s influence in the develop–ment of personality theory, abnormal symptoms, diagnosis and treatment, while the two James entries are; Delusions, insane and Dissociation of one part of the mind from the other. These two entries mark early references in the topic of abnormal psychology which are further elaborated in the APA index items for this Topic Domain.

Topic Domain III (Experimental Psychology) and; V (Sociol–ogical Concerns) reflect divergent patterns to varying degrees as well as topic fragmentation and shifts in topic focus which can be specified further in analysis of these categories (not discussed here).

Application of the five Topic Domain categories to other samples of the two indices yield similar groupings (c.f. Winskowski on the A‚s) validating these categories as meaning–ful and useful in analysis of the topics for the James and APA indices.


D.   Nahl

 

 

 

Table 2

 

INDEX SAMPLES

JAMES

APA

TOTAL

NUMBER OF ENTRIES

50

179

229

NUMBER OF OVERLAP ENTRIES

15

19

34

PROPORTION OF
OVERLAP ENTRIES

31%

10%

41%


 

TABLE 3

 

HISTORICAL

THEORETICAL

 

DARW IN

 

DARW I NISM

 

DARWINISM (A)

 

DELABARRE

 

DELBOEF

 

DEPTH PSYCHOLOGY (A)

 

DES CART ES

 

DESTUTT DE TRACY

 

DFTERMINISM

 

DEWEY, J.

 

DICHOTOMY IN THINKING

 

DICKENS, C.

 

DIETZ

 

DONALDSON

 

DONDERS

 

DOUGAL, J.D.

 

DROBIS CH

 

DUALISM (A)

 

DUAL ISM

 

DUNFOUR

 

DUNCAN

 

 

PHYSIOLOGY

 

DARK ADAPTA–TION (A)

 

DDT (A)

 

DEAF (A)

 

DEAF-MUTE‚ S THOUGHT

 

DEAFNESS, MENTAL

 

DECARBOXYLASES (A)

 

DECEREBRATION (A)

 

DECOMPRESSION EFFECTS (A)

 

DECORTICATION (A)

 

DEFACATION (A)

 

DEGENERAT IONS

 

DEHYDROGENASES (A)

DELAYED AUDITORY FEEDBACK (A)

 

DELAYED DEVELOPMENT

 

DELAYED FEEDBACK (A)

 

DELETION (CHROMO–SOME) (A)

 

DELIRIUM (A)

 

DELIRIUM TREMENS (A)

 

DELTA RHYTHM (A)

 

DENATURED ALOHOHOL (A)

 

DENDRITES (A)

 

DENTAL SURGURY (A)

 

DENTAL TREATMENT (A)

 

DENTISTRY (A)

 

DENTISTS (A)

 

DEOXYCORTICOSTERONE (A)

 

DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID (A)

 

DEPTH

 

DEPTH PERCEPTION (A)

 

DEPRIVATION (A)

 

DERMATITIS (A)

 

DESIPRAMINE (A)

 

DETOXIFICATION (A)

 

DEXTROAMPHETAMINE (A)

 

DIABETES (A)

 

DIABETES INS IPIDUS (A)

 

DIABETES MELLITUS (A)

 

DIAGNOSIS (A)

 

DIALYSIS (A)

 

DIAPHRAGM (A)

 

DIAPHRAGMS (BIRTH–CONTROL) (A)

 

DIARRHEA (A)

 

DIASTOLOC PRESSURE (A)

 

DIAZEPAM (A)

 

DIELDRIN (A)

 

DIENCEPHALON (A)

 

DIFFUSION OF MOVEMENTS

 

DIGESTION (A)

 

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM DISORDERS (A)

 

DIHYDROERGOTAMINE (A)

 

DIMENSION, THIRD

 

DIPHENYLHYDANT ION (A)

 

DIPTERA (A)

 

DISTANCE PERCEPTION (A)

 

DIURESIS (A)

 

DIURETICS (A)

 

DIZZ INESS

 

DOPA (A)

 

DOPAMINE (A)

 

DORSAL ROOTS (A)

 

DOUBLE IMAGES

 

DOWNS SYNDROME (A)

          DRAINAGE OF ONE BRAIN

                                                           

 CELL BY ANOTHER
                                                           

DROSOPHILIA (A)
                                                           

DRUNKARD

 

DRUNKENESS S

 

DRUG ADDICTION (A)

 

-ADMINISTRATION METHODS (A)

 

-ADVERSE REASCTION (A)

 

-ALLERGIES (A)

 

-DEPENDENCY (A)

 

-DOSAGE (A)

 

-EFFECTS. (A)

 

-INDUCED CONGENITAL DIS–ORDERS (A)

 

-INDUCED HALLUCINATIONS (A)

 

-POTENTIATION

 

-SENSITIVITY

 

-SYNERGISM (A)

 

-TOLERANCE (A)

 

-WITHDRAWAL (A)

 

-WITHDRAWAL EFFECTS (A)

-DRUGS (A)

 

DUALITY, OF BRAIN

 

DURATION (TIME-PERCEPTION,

 

     OUR ESTIMATE OF SHORT)

 

DYNAMOGENY

DYSARTHRIA (A)

DYSKINESIA (A)

DYSLEXIA (A)

DYSMENORRHEA (A)

 

DYSMORPHOPHOBIA (A)

 

DYSPAREUNIA (A)

 

DYSPHONIA (A)

 

DYSPNEA (A)

 

EXPERIMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY

 

DATA, THE, OF PSYCHOLOGY

 

DATA PROCESSING (A)

 

DEPENDENT VARIABLES (A)

 

DIFFERENCE, NOT RE–

 

SOLVABLE INTO COMPOSI–TION

NOTICED MOST BETWEEN SPECIES OF GENUS: THE MAGNITUDE OF: LEAST DISCERNABLE: METHODS

 

DIFFERENCE, LOCAL: GENESIS OF OUR PERCEPTION OF.

DIFFERENTIAL APTITUDE TESTS (A)

 

-DIAGNOSIS (A)

 

-PERSONALITY INVENTORY (A)

 

-REINFORCEMENT (A)

 

DIFFICULTY LEVEL (TEST)

 

DIGIT SPAN TESTING (A)

 

DIGITAL COMPUTERS (A)

 

DISCRIMINATION (A)

 

DISCRIMINATION, CONDITIONS WHICH FAVOR IT; IMPROVES BY PRACTICE; SPATIAL.

 

DISSOCIATION, LAW OF; BY VARYING CONCOMITANTS

 

DISSOCIATION OF ONE PART OF THE MIND FROM ANOTHER.

 

DISTANCE, BETWEEN TERMS OF A SERIES.

 

DISTANCE IN SPACE, see third dimension distraction.

 

DOUBLE BIND INTERACTION (A)

 

ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY/

THERAPEUTIC CONCERNS

 

DISTANCE, BETWEEN TERMS OF A SERIES.

 

DISTANCE IN SPACE, see third dimension dis–traction.

 

DOUBLE BIND INTER–ACTION (A)

 

 

 

DANCE THERAPY (A)

 

DEFENSE MECHANISMS (A)

 

DEFENSIVENESS (A)

DELUSIONS (A)

 

DELUSIONS, INSANE

 

DENIAL (A)

 

 DEPENDENCY (PERSONALITY) (A)

 

DEPRESSION (EMOTION) (A)

DIPSOMANIA

 

DISAPPOINTMENT (A)

DISPLACEMENT (DEFENSE MECHANISM) (A)

 

DISSATISFACTION (A)

DISSOCIATIVE NEUROSIS

 

DISSOCIATIVE PATTERNS

 

DISTRESS (A)

 

DREAM ANALYSIS (A)

 

DREAM CONTENT (A)

 

 

 

 

 

DREAM RECALL (A)

 

SOCIOLOGICAL CONCERNS

 

DANCE (A)

 

DAUGHTERS (A)

 

DAY CARE CENTERS (A)

 

DAYDREAMING (A)

 

DEATH AND DYING (A)

 

DEATH ATTITUDES (A)

 

DEATH RITES (A)

 

DECEPTION (A)

 

DECISION, FIVE TYPES OF

 

DECISION MAKING (A)

 

DEMOCRACY (A)

 

DEMOGRAPHIC CHARACTERISTICS (A

 

DENTAL STUDENTS (A)

 

DEPARTMENTALIZED TEACHING METHOD (A)

 

DEPERSONALIZATION (A)

 

DESCRIBING PERSONALITY TEST (A)

 

DEVELOPMENT/DEVELOPMENTAL AGE GROUPS

 

-DIFFERENCES (A)

 

-PSYCHOLOGY (A)

 

-STAGES (A)

 

DIALECT (A)

 

DIALECTICS (A)

 

DICTIONARY (A)

 

DIPLOMACY (FOREIGN POLICY) (A)

 

DIRECTED DISCUSSION METHOD (A)

 

DISADVANTAGED (A)

 

DISASTERS (A) DISBELIEF

 

DISCOVERY TEACHING METHOD (A)

 

DISHONESTY (A)

 

DISORDERS (A)

 

DISPLAYS (A)

 

DISTRACTIBILITY (A)

 

DISTRIBUTED PRACTICE (A)

 

DIVERGENT THINKING (A)

DIVIDED ATTENTION (A)

DIVORCE (A)

 

DIVORCED PERSONS (A)

DOLL PLAY (A)

 

DOMESTIC SERVICE PER–SONNEL (A)

 

DOMINANCE HIERARCHY (A)

 

DOMINANCE/ (A)

 

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC (A)

 

DORMITORIES (A)

 

DOUBT (A)

 

DOUBT, THE MANIA OF

 

DREAMSES (A)

 

DRAMA (A)

 

DRAWING (A)

 

DREAMS

 

DREAMING (A)

 

DRIVER EDUCATION (A)

 

DRIVERS (A)

 

DRIVING BEHAVIOR (A)

 

DROPOUTS (A)

 

DRUG ABUSE (A)

 

-EDUCATION (A)

 

-LAWS (A)

 

-REHABILITATION (A)

 

-THERAPY (A)

 

-USAGE (A)

 

-USAGE ATTITUDES (A)

 

DYADS (A)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


TABLE 4

 

 

TOPIC DOMAIN

 I

HISTORICAL/

THEORETICAL

CONCERNS

TOPIC DOMAIN II

PHYSIOLOGY

TOPIC DOMAIN

III

EXPERIMENTAL

PSYCHOLOGY

TOPIC DOMAIN

IV

ABNORMAL PSY.

THERAPEUTIC

CONCERNS

TOPIC DOMAIN

V

SOCIOLOGICAL

CONCERNS

PRESENTED

PERCENT OF

JAMES SAMPLE

42%

32%

14%

4%

14%

REPRESENTED

PERCENT OF

APA SAMPLE

 

2%

45%

6%

9%

34%

PERCENT OF APA

REPRESENTED

PER CATEGORY

 

13%

83%

61%

84%

90%

PERCENT OF

JAMES

REPRESENTED

PER CATEGORY

87%

17%

39%

16%

10%

TOTAL NUMBER

OF ENTRIES PER

CATEGORY

24

96

18

18

67

 

NEW INDEX:

224 entries

9 duplicate top entries

 

 

BACK TO INDEX