Classification of Utterances
 
 
Ask Caton regarding his talk to the Linguistics Seminar in 1968 on :  What are appropriate responses to utterances?   Can you classify verbs / utterances on such a basis?

        You are pretty, today.                                        Thank you.
 
        Get lost!                                                            How dare you!

        Go home!                                                          I will not!  (Why should I?)

        etc.

        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        My name is Joe.                                                I don't believe you.
        I am Joe.                                                          I don't believe you.

        -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

        I believe                                                    I promise

        I know                                                     I state

        I doubt                                                     I argue
 
        I suspect                                                  I name                        propositionalizing
                                                                                                                    or
        I expect                                                   I define                        thinking verbs

        I recall

        I remember

        I wonder

        I hope

        I anticipate

        both of these sets are container words
                            these are non-performatives
                                        these are performatives
        Question-  Can you find a syntactic semantic or other criterion to differentiate between them?



 

IF  +  predication THEN +
 

I can't say why he doesn't get it.
I can't say declarative description.
He doesn't get it presupposed decryption.
"He doesn't get it because..."  I can't complete the predication.
 

Why is this so?
Predicate.  This is so. / right / good
Identifying.  This is it / the right one / good one.
Location.  This comes before that / here instead of there
Reason.  This is so because it comes first.
            If this is so than it comes here before it goes there.
 

Assertion Types                            Zone

W  Predicating  X is Y                    ASTRO
Y  Classifying X/Y                          ETHNO
G  Modifying X.Y                            SOCIO
Bl  Subjectifying                               DRAMATIZING
Br  Objectifying                               SUBTLE
Bk  Actualizing                                PERSONAL

I can't say CONSEQUENTLY,  he doesn't get it.

                    BUT THEN,
                    AND ALSO,
                    MOREOVER,
                    HOWEVER,
                    NEVERTHELESS,

I can't say, BUT he doesn't get it.
I can't say WHY he doesn't get it.
I can't say THAT he doesn't get it.
I can't say BECAUSE he doesn't get it.
 
                SINCE
                INASMUCH

I can't say, THOUGH he doesn't get it.
I can't say, FEELING THAT he doesn't get it.
I can't say, AND FURTHER, he doesn't get it.
I can't say, AND YET he doesn't get it.
I can't say.  He doesn't get it.
 
 


You are right for the wrong reasons
 

1.         When a person says " I am right" - the implication is that
 
            his claim can be justified by some reasons:

            "X is Y because a, b, c "

2.         "Wrong reasons"  means that a, b, c do not satisfy the logical

            implication of because.

3.         "You are right for the wrong reasons"   means that:

            X is Y is true  (as opposed to X is not Y or X is Z)  and

            X is Y because d,e,f, (d, e, f, rather than a, b, c)

4.         Also, there is the implication that (i) the person is

            unaware of (2) and (3) and (ii) that X is Y demonstration,

            e.g. Psychology is useful because it's scientific approach

            enables it to help people.

            Oppenheimer once said:  "The practical usefulness of our

            professions gives us the impression that we are right for

            the wrong reasons, and that our true nature is very different
 
            form our public presence.

            That is, we are right the fact that Psychology is useful

            in its help of people but not a science ( but presumably

            for other reasons).

            In Lyons,  1968  paper (APA)
 
 


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