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Glossary File For Psy 459

Jae Isa



1) Traffic Psychology: Also see Saito and In Relation to Traffic Psychology and Implication to Traffic Psychology; the study of behavioral patterns and psychological theories regarding various issues of traffic in any shape or form. Its two main purposes are to decrease auto accidents and fatalities and to improve the American character. The goal of our course to to modify (for the better) our behavior in traffic.

2) Internet: a world wide interconnected group of networks. A relatively new communications system that enables millions across the nation to correspond and gather information in an immediate and convenient way. Provides many services such as e-mail, file transfers, newsnet, gopher and access to other resources which makes one's computer a "one-stop-shop" for students, schools, business, government and people alike.

3) Modem: Also see Ota and Noguchi 2; an internal or external computer device that enables one to link their computer to other computers and networks via telephone lines. An essential device for PSY 459 students who wish to log in to uhunix from their home.

4) Unix: unix: a language on the internet.

5) Gopher: See Internet Emotions; means of exploring information resources using menus and sub menus. Within the uhunix gopher, one is able to surf the different resources and information regarding topics such as job placements, campus and community services and activities, the weather, wave reports and much much more. Very interesting and fun to browse through.

6) Telnet: opens telephone lines and enables one to log in to other servers on the internet. This is where our css server is located.

7) World Wide Web: www, a hypertext system on the internet which allows one to create links and probe links created by other users.

8) Mosaic: See Internet Emotions; an internet program within www that allows one to browse through numerous and various information.

9) Emacs/Pico: editors within the unix system. Todd Takitani's definition of emacs and pico is much more interesting to read than me definition. Update: at first emacs was deemed the first irritating and complex editor to comprehend and command. However, with patience and a lot of practice, it's actually a very easy editor to use. In fact, I'm so used to using emacs that when I'm working in a "regular" word processing program (e.g. word perfect) I'm always catching myself trying to execute commands using emacs functions...go figure.

10) Hypertext: nonlinear writing.

11) Convoy: See Self-Witnessing Observations; cohorts of cars driving in the same direction. I also like Michelle Ota's definition.

12) Toggle: alternations of pressing and depressing of particular keys. Nicole Yoshimitsu's interpretation is much better.

13) Attention Deficit Problem: occurs when a driver who is using a cell phone is forced to divide their attention between what's going on on the road and on the phone.

14) Over Confident Driver: the Mr./Ms. Know It All of driving. They are always right and the other drivers are always wrong. They are very sensitive and defensive to criticism of their driving abilities and always have a justification to their actions.

15) Social Facilitation: the tendency to drive better when other people are present in the car. Also see Danell Saito's definition.

16) No Carrier: the most irritating prompt on the computer that shows up without warning and kicks ME off of the internet. Update: I was told by one of the computer attendants that this is a defense mechanism the computer carries out when it has too many users on at the same time.

17) Kermit: an UH program that helps new users on the internet. I enjoyed Kendall Matsuyoshi's description of kermit, it explains a whole lot more than mines.

18) Tailgating: not allowing the appropriate stopping distance between you and the car in front of you. It was stated in class that the proper distance is five car lengths, however in the Hawai`i driver manual is it stated as 2 second intervals. Not necessarily "riding" the car in front of you. Update: Dr. James defined it as providing one car's length for every 10 mph being driven.

19) Finger: See Diaz; the command that allows you to view the list of individuals currently logged on the net.

20) Information shock: See Link Reaction; feeling overwhelmed when confronted by something totally new and foreign. Also see Caroline Balatico's definition.

21) Heaven and Hell: the mental being in one's after life; questionable to one's acts during their physical existence.

22) Driving Persona Makeover: becoming aware of your personal driving behaviors and patterns from which you consciously make the effort to improve certain aspects of driving deemed inappropriate, negligent, unfit, and harmful to either yourself or other drivers.

23) Reform Driver: the successful implementation of a driving persona makeover.

24) Annotated Bibliography: a collection of various topics, in this case, a collection of topics related to different aspects of traffic psychology.

25) Risk: in relation to traffic psychology as a decision theoretic approach--an expected loss connected with the decisions taken by individual road users.

26) Driving Skill: how fast one is able to detect traffic hazards, the ability to detect visual targets, and the ability to switch attention rapidly.

27) Driving Style: driving speed, pattern and behavior.

28) Culture of Driving: drivers who are influenced by the collective behavior of other drivers.

29) Veronica: acronym for very easy rodent-oriented net-wide index to computerized archives. fast and efficient way to look up topics through gopher by inputting key words/titles.

30) Aggression: any form of behavior performed with the intention of harming another living being who is motivated to avoid harm (per the narrator of my generational curriculum paper 3).

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