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Internet Literacy Exercises
for G10 Fall 1998
Psych 409 and 459/WI

NOTE:  Always bring 2 disquettes with you to the lab--very important if you're going to do your work successfully!

Part 1
Pine & Pico

Part 2
Signature File

Part 3
Export a File

Part 4
Class Mailing List

Part 5
Mailing Intro to Class

Part 6
UNIX Commands

Part 7
Download and Upload

Part 8
Create Your Files

Part 9
Using Web Bookmarks

Part 10
Generational Curriculum

Part 11
Following Newsgroups

Parts 12, 13, and 14

Due dates for all Parts and Reports are also summarized here

Dr. Leon James
Professor of Psychology
University of Hawaii
Fall Semester, 1998 || Syllabi Here
uh90.gif (1588 bytes)

Part 1:
Pine and Pico

Due date for Parts 1, 2, and 3

5 PM Friday, September 3

(1) After logging on to uhunix, type "pine" at the prompt (Note: for commands, never type the quotation marks).

(2) Read the instructions on how to use Pine E-Mail, especially these parts that you'll have to do:

(3)Make a summary note card or sheet for yourself about the Pine/Pico editor commands you'll be needing to use Pine (e.g., how to save, how to delete, how to find something, etc.). Review these commands every day and have the note card with you during all computer sessions. Even if you have been using email, you need to review these instructions again.

Part 2:
.signature File

Due date for Parts 1, 2, and 3

5 PM Friday, September 3

Create a .signature file for your Pine e-mail as follows:

(a) At the uhunix prompt, type the command: "pico .signature" You'll be given an editor window. Type in whatever you want that should automatically show at the bottom of all your e-mail messages (usually your first and last name and a logo line or drawing, and/or your favorite quotation. Take a look at other people's signature marks at the bottom of their email messages. Right now, just type something approximate, it doesn't really matter what because you can  change it at any time.  So for now, type whatever, and save it with "control-x" and then just type return when it shows the correct file name which should be .signature.

After creating it, try out each of these three commands at the UNIX prompt:

"dir" , "ls", and "ls -al"

and you'll notice each gives sligtly different information about your files. Remember them!  Write them on your note card or sheet.

Note: You can change or edit your .signature file any time with the command: "pico .signature" which you type at the unix prompt.

(b) Go back into Pine and send yourself a message (type: "c" for compose a message). You'll see the contents of your .signature file automatically placed at the bottom of all your messages in Pine. Go back to unix, and edit your .signature file, then come back to Pine, give the compose command, and see if you're satisfied with how it looks.

Part 3:
Exporting a File

Due date for Parts 1, 2, and 3

5 PM Friday, September 3

(1) While in Pine, give the compose command ("c") and type in the title of your favorite song or movie. Type in your address at the "To" line-- i.e., your login name, then hit return--Pine will type in your full name automatically and does this for all holders of UNIX accounts at UH.

(2) When you receive it (a few minutes later), look at it, then export it to your UNIX home directory (i.e.,: while your message is on the screen, type "e" for the export command, and type in its new file name which should be "movie1" and save it.

(3) Now exit Pine. At the unix prompt, type "dir" (for directory) or "ls" (for list) -- try both to see the differences.

(4) You'll see the name of the movie1 file that you just exported. Now give the command "pico movie1" and you'll see the contents of the file you e-mailed to yourself and then exported. Now you can do anything with it. Type in another favorite song or movie. Now exit save (type "control x"). Now type "dir" again at the unix prompt, and you'll see the movie1 file is still there. It won't go away until you delete the file.

Note: Get into the habit of typing "dir" each time you get to the UNIX prompt (e.g., when you change dir, create a file, or start something new.

When you complete Parts 1, 2, and 3,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 4:
Class Mailing List

Due date for Parts 4, 5, and 6

5 PM Friday, September 11

Create a class list so you can send e-mail to all G10 students in your class and Dr. James simultaneously.

(1) In Pine, type "m" (for main screen), then "a" (for address book) then "a" (for add).

(2) You get a screen where you can type in each class member's e-mail name separated by commas (you get everybody's e-mail names in class).

(3) Now type in Dr. James' e-mail name, which is "leon".

(4) Now type in your own e-mail name (same as your login name).

(5) Note well: Now it asks you for the Fullname. Do not forget to enter the course number as Fullname ("Psych 409a/G10" or "Psych 409b/G10" or "Psych 459/G10"), or there'll be a penalty for you in points!! Your class number must appear on the List's Fullname or else it will lead to confusion--you can understand that, right?).

(6) Now it asks you for the Nickname of the group so type 409. This is what you type in the To: line in Pine when you send something to the entire class--and Pine will automatically print all the names.

(7) Now save-exit ("control-x").

(8) Now compose a message in Pine and address it To: 409, and after pressing return, you'll notice Pine types out automatically all the names under your group nickname. Now Cancel ("control-c") since you don't need to send it to the class. You'll be sending messages to the class later.

(9) You'll need to add and delete names on this class list, especially during the first few days until the class settles. To make these changes (announced in class or on email), go back to Address Book and follow instructions for "v" (to View your list) and edit it. Try it now.

(10) Check point number (5) above again: you don't want to incur a penalty!! If your course number is missing, it creates problems for Dr. James in keeping track of all activities!!

Part 5:
Mailing Personal Intro to Class

Due date for Parts 4, 5, and 6

5 PM Friday, September 11

Check out this Page for a summary table of Pine or Pico commands Dr. James prepared  to make things  more convenient for you!!

(1) Here is what you write about in your personal introduction (about one paragraph each, i.e, between 3 to 5 sentences). This may sound excessively picky, but there is a reason for everything, you'll see later! You can ask about them in class if you want. Some of them are explained in an article the instructor wrote about the generational curriculum, which you can read if you want to. Take a few minutes to look at it, then click back here.

Now select the lines (a) to (e) below, give the Copy command, switch to Pine, press c (to compose a message), put the cursor into the message field, give the Paste command. Now you can type each paragraph between the marked headings (a through e).  Be sure to use the letters a through e for your separate paragraphs!

(a) your computer background in terms of (1) any courses? (2) any work experience? (3) any familiar software? (4) any special skills like programming, games, chatrooms? (5) any familiarity with the Web?

(b) how you're doing so far with these exercises

(c) some of your thoughts in doing these exercises

(d) some of your feelings in doing these exercises

(e) where you're having greater difficulty, and where you're having an easy time.

(2 ) When done, go to the top (control w followed by control y -- takes you to the top in one command, nice and easy -- or else, control y several times).

Type the class Nickname in the To: line (409a/409b/459).
In the "Subject" line, type your first name followed by your last name (in that order), followed by your class number (409), and nothing else).

So the Subject: line will inform people that this message is from you and what course you're from.
Now read the note to check for spelling errors.
Now send it off with control x.

Part 6:
UNIX Commands

Due date for Parts 4, 5, and 6

5 PM Friday, September 11

(1) At the uhunix prompt type "dir" (or "ls") and look at your file listing. Now create a new file called "practice1" by typing "pico practice1"). Note: File names on unix cannot have a space within them. So practice1 as a file name is without a space.

(2) type the sentence "This is practice1 file." Save-exit ("control x").

(3) type "dir" (or "ls") and you can see the new file you just created.

(4) repeat steps 1 to 3 by creating another file called "practice2"

(5) at the uhunix prompt, now type "mkdir practice" . When you hit return, unix creates a new directory. Give the "dir" command and you'll see it. Note that directories or sub-directories look different from files. You can't see the files in a sub-directory until you give the "cd" command (meaning: change directory). In this case, type "cd practice" and press return. Now give the "dir" command--it should be empty because you haven't placed anything in the practice directory. Note that the uhunix prompt tells you which sub-directory you're in. Now type "cd" to get back to the main directory. Now type "dir" and you'll see the two files practice1 and practice2 are still there of course.

(6) Now move the two files practice1 and practice2 into the new directory you created and called practice. Give the command "mv practice1 practice2 practice" (that is: mv space practice1 space practice2 space practice -- which means: move file "practice1" and file "practice2" into the directory called "practice"). Unix will move both files for you when you press return.

(7) Now give the "dir" command, and the two files no longer show up in the main directory (since you just moved them). Give the command "cd practice", press return, then the "dir" command. Now you can see the two files since you are in the practice dir. Now give the command cd and press return. This takes you back to the main directory. Give the dir command. This is how you move around between the directories you create.

(8) Let us practice some more. Create a second new directory called "stuff" (see it with "dir"). Now create a file called "dishes.html" and type in the names of three of your favorite dishes to eat. Exit-save (see it with the "dir" command). Now move it into the "stuff" directory ("mv dishes.html stuff"). Now type "cd stuff" to get into the stuff directory. Now give the "dir" command and you'll see the "dishes.html" file there.

(9) Now type "cd" to get back to your main home directory. Type "dir" to see what's there. Now delete the two files called "practice1" and "practice2" in the practice directory by doing this:

Type "cd practice" which takes you to the practice dir, then the "dir" command. Now you see the two files there. Delete them ("rm practice1 practice2"). You'll be asked to confirm deletion of each file. Now give the "dir" command (the two files are gone; the sub-directory is now empty).

Now go back to your home directory ("cd") and give the "dir" command. You see the sub-directory "practice" still there (but you know it's empty). Now give the command "rmdir practice" (meaning: remove or delete the sub-directory "practice"). Now give the dir command and you see that practice is gone.

Note well: The "rmdir" command works only when the sub-directory to be removed is empty!! Remember you have to change into the directory, delete all files, come back, then delete it when empty.

When you complete  Parts 4, 5, and 6,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 7:
Download and Upload

Due date for Parts 7, 8, and 9

5 PM Friday, September 18

(1) Select a Student Home Page you like from anyone in a prior Generation.  Go to prior generations, then come back to this Page (be sure it is bookmarked first!)

(2) Now save it on your diskette in HTML format, and call it "homeyourlastname.html". Now go to your Web browser and give the Open File command under the File menu, and find this file on your diskette. The browser will show you what the file will look like when you post it on the Web. This is called pre-viewing it before you upload it. This gives you a chance to edit again and again, until you're satisfied, then you upload it. Note that the links and icons won't work till the file is uploaded along with all the icons.

Now start the word processor and give the Open File command.  Go to your diskette and open the homeyourlastname.html file.  Delete stuff and put your name, etc. on it.   Don't fuss too much with it right now--you'll be doing that later.  This is just  practice so you can go on with this exercise.

Now using your ftp software login into the CSS server by typing in the

Host address as "www.soc.hawaii.edu"
ID as your class:  either 409af98 or 409bf98 or 459f98 depending on your class.
Password:  Get this in class and please do not give it out to anyone!!

Please do not give out this password or leave it lying around. With this password anyone can delete your files!! Which is another reason why you should have a copy of the latest version of your files on one diskette, PLUS either on your hard drive or on a second diskette. Several students each semester fail to follow this rule and they sometimes have to redo reports. Remember: always keep two back ups of the latest edit of your files--your responsibility!   Dont' mess with this one....just do it!!

(3) When you're logged in with your ftp software:

(a) Create a new directory using the ftp software menu command and call the new folder your last name (not your login name which may or may not be the same as your last name).   Use your regular last name.  Check to make sure your last name is listed on your Class Home Page here then click back to this Page.

(b) Now give the "change directory" command using the ftp software menu command (or double click your folder), and go into your own folder that you just created. It is now empty (but your name MUST show in the window on the ftp software or else something is wrong--redo the process).

Be sure your name shows in the window (not the course number, not some other student's name). Or else you're uploading to the wrong place!

Remember: this is the folder you'll be uploading all your reports from your diskette.   Once it's there, you are published on the Web and millions can find your report (be sure to spell check!!).

(4) Always check to see that you're in your own directory (your name MUST show on the ftp software dialog box). Now give the upload command (also called the PUT command; also done through clicking on the arrow pointing right, towards the CSS server). Now select the "homelastname.html" file on your diskette (see the left box of your ftp software). When your file uploaded (it only takes one second since it's a small file), give the "show directory" command and you'll see your file there. If not, repeat the process until it's confirmed that your files are there.


If your software changes your file name while uploading (e.g., from "homelastname.html" to "!home.htm" (for example, as it often does), or else introduces some other sign or letter), it is NECESSARY for you to change its name back. Just select the file (single click) and give the "rename" file command, and change its name back to homeyourlastname.html  (note: html not htm). Remember:  the file names are not your choice:   they must have the name specified in the instructions!  They are like official addresses of your residence and belongings.

Note:  every time you upload to the server (from your diskette), it automatically replaces the older file by the same name.   So you do not need to delete it first!

(5) Now practice the reverse process of downloading (from the CSS server to your diskette). Select your "homeyourlastname.html" file on the CSS server and give the download command by selecting the file (single click), then clicking the arrow pointing left towards the diskette). Choose your diskette as the location (from the left dialog box of your ftp software).

(6) Want to see your home page on the Web and save its address? Go to your Class Home Page and click on your name. It will take you to the "homeyourlastname.html" file you just uploaded. Now bookmark the address of your home page!! The entire world can now read your home page--you are a published author and a Web designer from now on.  And it will continue your entire life!!

After seeing your Home Page,  click back here to continue reading instructions.


So now you know how to upload to the CSS server and download from the CSS server (where your World Wide Web Page is).  Now any time you want to edit your Page or change it all together to a totally new thing, go right ahead. It's your Home Page.  But there are always rules of course (things you're not allowed to do), just as with your home  residence or car.  After editing or revising your Home Page (or any other Page you have) the newer file will automatically replace the older file by the same name when you upload it.  Every time you upload a file, it replaces the file that's there by the same name.  If you keep the same name, the new version will automatically replace the old.  If you want to remove a file from the server: use your ftp software, go into your directory on the CSS server, select the file you want to delete, and give the "delete file" command.


Be sure you never delete somebody else's file by mistake, so it's imperative you check to see you really are in your own sub-directory, not somebody else's (the name shows on top of the ftp dialog box). This is the honor system, hence it calls for extra responsibility for each other. O.K.?

Part 8:
Creating Your Files

Due date for Parts 7, 8, and 9

5 PM Friday, September 18

(1) Your CSS directory must contain the following 7 files (ending in .html), plus the icons sub-directory (for graphics files ending in .gif or .jpg):

chapterX.html (specify your chapter --e.g., chapter5.html)
icons (this is a sub-directory not a file)

The 7 files amd the one sub-directory must be in your directory (follow steps below).
First, use your ftp software to create a new directory within your own directory, and it should be called "icons". It is required that you put all your future graphics files in this sub-directory--images, sounds, animations, and other embedded objects that are allowed by the CSS Webmaster).

(2) Now follow these steps:
In your word processor on your diskette, create the files (you already did the "home.html" file). Type the name of each file on the first line and leave the rest of the file blank. Save As... in  HTML. Now the 7  files are on your diskette.  You can view them in your browser, if you want  Do it now.

(3) Now use ftp software to upload the files from your diskette to your CSS directory--be sure you're in your own directory before giving the upload command, or else you'll be automatically replacing someone else's files with yours!!. After uploading is complete, you can see the 7 files and the sub-directory, by giving the "dir" command in your ftp software.

(4) Now look at each file with your browser by first going to your Class Home Page and clicking on your name.

(5) Now you can work on your homelastname.html file to change its appearance. Go see these two places to pick up ideas about HTML tags.

Part 9:
Using Web Bookmarks
and Search Engines

Due date for Parts 7, 8, and 9

5 PM Friday, September 18

(1) After starting your Web browser (Netscape or Internet Explorer), systematically explore all the menu items and try to figure out what each does. Keep a list of items you don't understand and bring to class for discussion. Spend a few minutes just clicking on the menu parts--so you can see all the options.

(2) Spend some time just clicking on links you see on the screen.  You need to practice observing three things:

(a) Get into the habit of observing what the computer is doing by watching the field at the bottom left that tells you what is happening second by second -- when it's looking up an address, when it's dialing the telephone line or "Connecting...", when it's waiting for the request, when it gets in, how long it takes to load, what the address structure is--whether .com or .edu or .org, what location, how large the file is and its individual packets, whether there are backgrounds, etc. You should observe all of these. In other words, be very active in your participation.

(b) Also watch the URL window on top.  Look at the addresses--what they are composed of betrween the slashes (/).

(c) Also watch the title field of each document above the menu line.   Notice that the title field is different from the Heading of the Page.

Question:  did you all three tasks above?  a and b and c?  Be sure now!!   You wont' be sorry!!

(3) Create your own bookmarks.html file as follows:

(a) Be sure your diskette contains the bookmarks.html file.  If not, use the word processor to create it and save the blank file on your diskette (be sure to save it in HTML format, not the ususal format!!).  Close the file.   Now open the file again in your Edit Bookmarks dialog window (this is part of your Internet Browser--either Netscape or Internet Explorer).  This is called loading your own bookmarks file.

Note:  Don't confuse the Browser dialog box and the Bookmarks dialog box.  Make sure you know the difference.  Do it now.  Ask someone in the lab if you can't figure it out!  You'll be glad you did!!

Always load your own bookmarks.html file each time you're using the Web browser!! Otherwise you won't be able to save your links--very inconvenient!!  This means of course, that you need to have your diskette with you. This practice will save you lots of frustration and unnecessary work  Do it as soon as you start your Web browser.  Don't wait for later!!

Note:  If you don't FIRST load your own bookmarks.html file from your diskette, you will not be able to save all the Web addresses you'll need each time. Instead it will be saved on the computer where it will be erased after your session. Help one another in the Lab: ask the student next to you: "Did you remember to load your bookmarks file?"

(b) Use the "Add Bookmarks" (or "Add Favorites") command in your Web browser while you are on a Page whose address you want to save. It only takes one second to give the Add Favorites command, and it's well worth it!!

(4) Go to one of the many search engines (see "Search" Menu). Type in various subjects that interest you as well as the names of places, people, and companies, and see what happens. Each time come back and do it again and again with different search terms, until you get tired. You'll need a minimum of 10 hours of surfing in cyberspace before you begin to understand what's going on. Be sure to try at least 4 or 5 different search engines to see the differences.  Try to remember the names of the search engines.   It's an excellent idea to take a few notes...Save the search engines on your bookmarks file.

Hint:  Try this:  type in a word or phrase in the URL address window (top left of your browser) and hit return.  What happens?

(5) Practice saving a Web Page by mailing it to yourself:
(a) When the document you want is on the browser screen, select the "Mail Page" command (then:  Send Page by Email) and address it to yourself ("anyname@hawaii.edu"). Note:  You might need to set Options for Mail--see lab attendant if you have problems with this.

(b) Go to Pine a few minutes later and see the document you mailed on your screen. You can forward it to classmates and friends (only if you want to), by typing "f" (for forward) when it's on your screen in Pine. Or, if you prefer, you can export it to your directory for later use (type "e" for export and the name of a file to save it in). Or, you can just hit "d" to delete it.

Note:  Do not send "junk" mail to the class list, but you can to individuals, if you want to and they don't mind.  On the other hand, do send notes that relate to class topics.  About 10% of your grade depends on your active participation in email class discussions (thus:  can make the difference between a B and a C, or an A and a B).  Remember to participate at least once every other day (minimum)--but only class topics please!  Dr.James will send email to tell you what the topic of the week is for you to discuss.

(6) Now practice saving an icon. When you see a picture you'd like to save on your diskette, and you feel that the picture is not copyrighted or proprietary, then place your mouse arrow on it, hold the mouse-click down and choose "Save Picture As...." Give it a name that ends with .gif to show it's an icon and indicate your diskette as the location. Once it's on your diskette, upload the .gif file to your icons sub-directory on the CSS server.

(7) Now organize your bookmarks.html file.

(a)Choose Organize Favorites (or Bookmarks) on the Edit Bookmarks dialog box. If your own bookmarks.htm file is not the current one, you need to Open it first under the File menu, so it is the current one (it's located on your diskette, remember?)

(b) Now create a new folder for each category of your favorites (e.g., students, icons, personal, driving, search engines, etc.).  Try the various commands:  Move, Rename, Delete, Create.  You'll need to know about all of them.

When you complete Parts 7, 8, and 9,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 10:

Mining The Generational Curriculum

Due date for Part 10

5 PM, Friday September 25

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (10),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 11:

Following Newsgroups

Due date for Part 11

5 PM, Friday October 1

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (11),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 12:


Due date for Part 12

5 PM, Friday October 29

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (12),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 13:


Due date for Part 13

5 PM, Friday November 19

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (13),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 14:


Due date for Part 14

5 PM, Friday November 26

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (14),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here. (this is the last time).

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