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Cynthia's Home Page
Week 1
Week 2
Week 3
Week 4
Week 5
Week 6
Week 7
Week 8
Week 9
Week 10
Week 11
Week 12
Week 13
Week 14
Week 15
E mail=anchor
e-mail address carashir@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu LAB REPORT 1

LAB REPORT1

CYNTHIA ARASHIRO


Week 1= anchor

traffic psychologists
One of the things that stood out to me from the class lecture notes is the fact that there are no traffic psychologists except for people who are studying traffic psychology like us. Traffic and drving in this late 20th century is such a big part of almost everyone's lives, so it is a wonder why traffic psychology has not become prevalent by now. It can be easily seen and observed that people have different ways of driving and thus, express different personalities when driving. emotions
Also see Bolatico's report
The second thing that stood out to me is the fact that various emotions arise when one is driving. As Bolatico says, "Our thoughts and feelings do interwine". When environmental stimulus such as a busy traffic, slow/fast drivers, weather and so forth affect the driver's thoughts in a negative way, it is almost always likely that his/her feelings will be affected in a negative way also. I feel that this is where traffic psychologists and studies of traffic psychology become a necessity. It is important to control people's emotions particularly when they are behind a wheel. This is because so much is at stake when one is behind a wheel--their lives and others' (e.g. pedestrians) lives. In order to keep these emotions in check, traffic psychology will be very useful. capabilities of computer
Another thing that stood out to me in lecture is the capabilities of a computer, particularly the internet. One can practically do anything on different programs like gopher,lynx, and mosaic. One can also reach almost anyone in the world. It seems though, to take a while to get acquainted with the various programs (there are so many!). I realize the importance of the internet from theclass lectures, but more than once, I got discouraged because of some difficulties that were encountered. theories
Yet another thing that stood out to me was the different theories of driving psychology. For example, gender differences in drving when in comes to aggression that males are generally more aggressive than females were interesting. I am intrigued by the various theories and have been thinking about some myself. Traffic and driving never crossed my mind as an important aspect of psychology until now. It certainly makes sense as the way people behave and drive on the road affect others in significant ways. go to top of document
Week 2=anchor
LABREPORT #1b stress and driving behaviors
The two Generational Curriculum reports that particularly had an effect on me were the ones with the topic of relating stress to driving behaviors and the advice that were given regarding this. I know how it is to drive while my mind is worrying about upcoming examinations or other personal problems:safety is definitely not on my mind during this time. It is terrifying to think that many people drive under these conditions. stress influence
The writer of the reports talked about how stress influenced her driving tremendously in negative ways. She is more prone to speeding, to be irritatedat other drivers or pedestrians on the road, to yell obscenities, to fight withthe passengers in her car, and so forth. I can very well relate to these as family and friends have commented, rather ferventlly that my personality just takes a 360 degree turn whenever I am behind the wheel in times of stress (which isunfortunately, often!). I am usually a calm, careful, and decent driver--same can be said for my personality as well for the most part. However, being under stress and driving seem to turn me into an untamable monster. simple techniques
Up until I read the reports, I did not think that there were much I cando to solve this problem. The writer of the reports suggests some simple techniques that one can do while driving under stress. Initially, I thought, "These are too easy to do and so probably will not work". It is amazing how these techniques are well known, but many people doo not put them into practice because ofthe assumption that since they are too simple, they will not work. Some of the techniques suggested in the reports are the following: listen to a relaxing music or a music that you enjoy, breathe deeply, relax the muscles in various parts of the body, think "happy" thoughts, and of course, concentrate on the roa d. results of the techniques suggested
I tried a few of the techniques and to my surprise, it helped me to calm down tremendously. The ones that work particularly well for me are listening to relaxing music, deep breathing and thinking "happy" thoughts. Of course, they did not get rid of my stress completely, nor did I completely stop getting angry at everyone around me. However, my anger and stress were definitely less than before. Family and friends began to notice a difference in my driving habits right away. I was not driving as recklessly as before. Although it will probaly take time for the "driving reckless under times of stress" to completely disappear, I feel thaat the suggestions the writer of the reports presents are a good place to start for those like me. Therefore, rather than automatically decide that the techniques will not work because they are too simple, more people should give them a try. go to top of document
Week 3=anchor
LABREPORT #1c various problems
also see Izutsu's report
I have been having various problems with the Internet activities. It seems that I got started off on the wrong foot in the beginning of this semester.I could not get logged on for a few weeks and my e mail system had some "unrecognizable error"; these put me behind in my lab reports and other assignments that were to be done on the Internet. This caused a lot of anxiety and nervousness for me. At first, I felt like giving up and thought about withdrawing from the class. This put me even furhter behind in class. However, I have decided not to withdraw and to do my best to catch up on learning the Internet as soon as possible. I agree with Izutsu when she says that just hearing about how the various programs on the Internet works and actually sitting in front of the computer to do it are very different. worries
I am still worried about the mistakes that I might make with the Internet. I do not have much experience with the computer programs so it is diifficult for me sometimes to understand the various computer terms. It is like learning a foreign language. Regardless of the various problems that I have encountered, I am also enjoying my experience on the Internet. The things that can be accomplished on the Internet are so vast and almost limitless, that it is very exciting to be a part of it. help from superman
Recently, I asked for help from Mr. Kevin Bogan (which I should have done long time ago!). He was very knowledgeable and helpful. With his help, I began to feel a little more confident regarding the use of the Internet. His knowledge of the computer programs made me want to learn more about the Internet andwhat it can do. problems with e mail
One thing that took me by surprise was the fact that I could receive messages on my e mail, but could not send them to others. I did not find this outt until recently when a friend told me that she was not getting any messages frome me even though I have been sending messages to her. I then attempted to send myself a message, as was suggested by a classmate, and found the following message on my computer screen:"Unrecoverable error". This devastated me as the first assignment was to send messages to Dr. James on the e mail. problems solved
Immediately I talked to the people at the computer center in Keller andgot the problems solved. The e mail incident especially was a big problem for me and put me on the verge of tears. The log on problems that I had at the beginning of the semester were takenn care of fairlly quickly, but this caused me much anguish also. As I mentioned earlier, several things have put me behind, butI hope to get on top of things as soon as possible. plans
As soon as I feel comfortable with working on the Internet, I plan to experiment with various other programs and look at the possibilities there. I have been so busy trying to catch up that I have not had the opportunity to enjoythe possibilities of the Internet. Hopefully, I will be able to do that very soon. I am also looking forward to reading other students' comments on their driving persona/psychology and comparing them to mine on the Internet. Go to top of document

Week 4=anchor


Help=anchor
Until recently, I had no idea that there was a help right in front of my face when I sat in front of a computer, that would help me find certain information. All I had to do was to type the "/" sign and the word or words that I am looking to find information on. Until now, I would feel like crying while rummaging through thick books of computer terms that I had checked out from the library. Because of this ignorance(among other things!), I got very behind.Thanx to "/", I am saving myself much time and energy. Also because of "/", there is less agonizing in front of the computer screen. Another thing that helps me is going into Michele's home page and looking at how she is doing her homework. She seems to know a lotbout computers, so I like getting hints from her.

Patience=anchor
also see Kaneshiro's report
Navigating through the informations for Psychology 459 on the computer was verymuch a frustrating experience.Oftentimes, I would go around and around in circles, coming back to the same information each time. I found that all that was needed was a little patience to get used to the "hows" of navigation. Patience, Ifound out, is extremely important. Effort, along with patience is needed too. Coming to CLIC daily and fooling around with the keys for a few hours helped me tremendously. Now, I have a pretty clear idea as to finding basic information, such as in the syllabus, and navigating on the computer.

Fighting Pessimism=anchor
I feel that I was the most depressed and pessimistic student in the class regarding the use of the Internet. I told myself from the first day of classthat this Internet-computer-mumbojumbo was way over my head; that I would neverlearn the hows of it. Soon, because of this pessimism, I got very depressed. I was even thinking about dropping this class. The prospect of me quitting made me even more depressed.I took Josephine Allen's advice which helped me a lot. also see Josephine's report.She says that the most important thing is to stay calm; she also suggests taking a break from the computers particularly when having problems and to look at beautiful scenery. I did this and it definitely helped me to clear my mind.

Getting Help=anchor
Then, I started to fight my pessimism by telling myself that I can learn how to use the computer if I give my 100%. I immediately sought help from Mr.Kevin Bogan, who was just wonderful. He was extremely helpful and made me feel like I could actually learn the material. When pessimisim hit in, I recommend students to take a step back and look at the situation objectively. Then ask youself what can be done , realistically, to reach your goal. Also, do not wait toget help from others. That is the biggest mistake that I made this semester. I think that at the end of this semester, I will be glad that I did not quit. If I had, I probably would have been even more depressed for not giving my all. go to top of document

Week 5=anchor


Accomplishments=anchor
In my estimation, the writer of the report did accomplish quite a lot in the course of the semester. She evaluated herself as not being a "caring" driver in the beginning. However, in the last paper in which she evaluates her accomplishments as a driver, she feels that she has definitely improved in her driving habits. External Forces=anchorBackseat Drivers=anchor One particular aspecthat she seems to have improved in is the fact that she no longer gets upset atthe external forces while driving. The external forces in this case refers to such things as drivers who are reckless, slow drivers, busy traffic, backseat drivers and so forth.

Stress=anchor
Another area in which she seems to have made an improvement is driving while under stress. Driving under stress madeher a reckless driver. (She defines reckless drivers as drivers who have minimal consideration for others on the road).Techniques=anchorShe found various techniques for coping with stress while behind the wheel. Some of the techniques tht she found effective are listening to relaxing music,taking deep breaths, and relaxing muscles.

This student's state of mind seems to have been at times over-optimistic.She generalized that there are clear cut differences between reckless drivers and "caring" driver. She suggests that all people fall into either of these categories, and that reckless drivers can convert to caring drivers by changing their way of thinking about the world.I am not sure if that is all there is to changing people.

Nevertheless, I learned a lot from the reports. The techniques that she suggested for driving while under stress were very effective and helpful for me. In this sense, the reports helped me tremendously to relax while driving. I feel that relaxation is important in getting closer to becoming a caring driver.

Suggestions=anchor
Two suggestions for future generations are the following: Read the self-witnessing reports with an open mind. Even when some of the things seem far-fetched and unrealistic, there may be some grain of truth to them. At the same time, one should be critical and not believe everything the writer of the reports says--that is, always question what they say. go to top of document

Week 6=anchor


search for documents
I began this search for traffic related items thinking that it was going to be extremely difficult. I have to admit, I was scared to start my search thinking that I would "mess up" and be stuck in CLIC for 10 hours. To my pleasant surprise however, the search was not that complicated. Of course it was not easy either, but it was within my computer illiterate capabilities. First, I went into Dr. James' file (trembling, might I add...scared that I would once again get lost!) and went into the Webcrawler program. I was then instructed to type in the search words. I typed in traffic related words such as cars, traffic, vehicles, roads, driving, and also driving psychology/behavior. I only got a few documents with the words drivng pcyhology and behavior. Under traffic, though I got alot of documents that seemed interesting. I had a hard time picking out which ones to use for this labreport. BMW Information caught my attention right away. So did Southern California Traffic Report and Colorado DUI Law documents.

BMW Information
BMW Information documents may be very useful for someone who is thinking of purchasing a BMW car. It has the latest information on the makes of BMW: what to expect in the near future, latest price ranges, where to get the best deals, and so forth. This is in my opnion very useful not only for people who are thinking of buying a BMW, but also for people who are interested in finding information on the cars. It is interesting to just go through the whole host of imformation in this document. It seems like a very effective advertisment strategy for the BMW company. People who have an access to the Internet will find BMW information right at their fingertips and perhaps will be tempted to purchase a BMW or two. I feel like purchasing a BMW now. BMW anyone? go to top of document

Southern California Traffic Report
This document gave me a headache initially. The reason for this was because it took a very long time to access this information. As soon as I hit my return key, I almost regretted choosing this document because on the screen was this information: "This might take a while...". I should have known that many people in Southern California would be accessed to this document, and I, in Hawaii, probably would have a difficult time getting on. Well, as soon as I hit the return key, I could not turn back, so I waited. (and waited and waited and waited) I waited for what seemed like over five minutes, which was a long time for me. I remember Dr.James saying that waiting for response from the computer for over 30 seconds is considered long. Nevertheless, I got into the document. I am happy to say that the document itself was extremely enjoyable to go through. It is a document to find out about the traffic conditions in Southern California. It also contains information on various tourist attrations. For people whohave an access to the Internet and live in Southern California, this system must be very helpful. For example, people can check out the driving and road conditions before they actually hit the road. This can save a lot of headaches and stress; perhaps this will lead to less accidents and happier drivers. This system is also useful to tourists who are visiting Southern California. They can get the latest information on interesting places to visit throught the Internet. go to top of document

Colorado DUI Law
Colorado DUI Law document got my attention because of the word law. I am always interested in finding out if a state has changed or come up with a new law. There is a new law regarding drunk driving in Colorado. I am not quite sure what the range of the BAC or the blood alcohol consumption was in the past, but this is the range according to the new Colorado DUI law: If the BAC is between 0.05% and 0.10%, that person is punished. If his/her BAC is over 0.10%, then he/she is punished even more. They are given points or demerits as they break this new law; the more alcohol one has in his/her system, more demerits he/she will have. This is another extremely useful document in that people can find out what the latest laws are through the Internet. This way, people can be careful when they consume alcohol knowing that even having what seems like a tiny amount of alcohol in the system is punished in some way. go to top of document
week 7=anchor
class=anchor
Dr.James article that analyzes the previous generation made me feel thaI was not the only one who had problems with the Internet activities. I felt that I should have read that section before I attempted to work on the Internet homeworks. It probably would have saved me a lot of pain and anguish, not to mention a few tears! In the class section Dr. James talks about how in the classroom the students are allowed to interact among each other. That is, the class is not sun as how a "normal" class would be run in courses like Psychology with the professor talking and lecturing the whole time while the students stays quiet and takes notes. This interactive way that the class is run, I think, helps many students to not be afraid of "not understanding" something. Because the students can comment and ask questions the whole time, it makes it easier for everyone to feel at ease without wondering when she/he will get an opportunity to talk to the professor in class. Also, like Dr. James mentions, this way of running the class makes students feel that it is OK to be lost...because generally the pace is set by everyone in the class.

atmosphere=anchor
I agree that the permissive atmosphere of the course is a wonderful idea to avoid a lot of stress for students. The atmosphere is so relaxed (unlike the big lecture courses) that students feel like they are the bosses. I also agree that being able to talk to others in class gets rid of a lot of anxieties that come with learning new things like the Internet. In the beginning I felt exremely frustrated and felt like I was the only one that was feeling this way. However, because of the atmosphere of the class where everyone talked to everyone about their problems, I began to feel less alone. It gave me that extra OOMPH to keep trying because everyone else is doing the same also. The "family" atmosphere is a great way to not feel stressed in normally stressful conditions.

persistence=anchor
Reading this section of Dr. James' article gave me a much needed confidence to go on in this class. It was like a motivational speech for me in that so often I have thought about just giving up; through this article I felt that without persistence, I will not go anywhere. This applies not only to this class and its Internet use, but to other areas of life as well. It is so easy to just give up, but so difficult to persist in something that is not simple. However, without persistence, no one is going to reach their goal or get what they want in life. So, thank you, Dr.James, for that section. It really persuaded me to stick with the activities of this class.

week 9=anchor


part 1=anchor

makeover=anchor
Driving personality makeover is just what the name implies: a makeover for people's driving personality. Personality here refers to the psychologicalstates of the person while driving: Various emotions, thoughts, feelings, and behaviors (as implied by the three areas that Dr. James wants us to work on). This is usually done to improve the psychological aspects of people while behind a wheel.

relation=anchor
In this sense, the makeover is related very closely to traffic psychology and its goals. That is, the main job of traffic psychologists is to improve and promote the welfare of people's driving ways. To do this, the change must first come from within individuals. People's psychological aspects must be tapped into in order to achieve the goal of traffic psychology. This is where traffic driving personality makeover comes into play in a huge way.

good driver=anchor
A good driver in my opinion is someon who has his/her emotions in check while behind the wheel. Sure, it is only natural to be angry at the various environmental nuisances such as busy traffic, horrible road conditions, and God knows what. However, if a driver lets these things affect the way he/she drives then that is a sign that he/she is not a good driver. A good driver, to me, has to be capable of separating him/herself from what nuisances may occur while driving. For example, if a driver lets him/herself get so upset at another driver in front of him driving extremely slow that the driver begins to have thoughts of beating him up, it will surely affect the way he drives.He/she perhaps may begin to drive swerving in and out of lanes because of his/her trembling hands, caused by the uncontrollable anger. This is not a good driver, don't you agree?

me as a driver=anchor
I admit, I am not a good driver as defined above. I am f---------ar from it. That is why I am looking forward to the driving makeover project that will be done for this course. The reason I say that I am not a good driver is because I am extremely affected by what others on the road do. I can not control my emotions--my personality changes--and I am unable to separate myself from the nuisances that occur on the road. This affects my driving in dangerous ways. Because of my anger, I press my gas pedal real hard and begin to drive way too fast. Therefore, as can be seen, I got a long ways to go in becoming even close to being a "good driver".

engineering my makeover=anchor
God knows I need a driving personality makeover! The way I plan to go about it is to first monitor my driving personality as is right now. I will carry a recorder in my car whenever I drive and record my thoughts, feelings, and physical behaviors as well. I will do this a few times, each on different days. This way, I can get a picture of how I am before the makeover, analyze it in depth, and set a baseline for my driving personality makeover. After doing that, I think that I will get a better idea on what areas need to be worked on particularly, and what "interventions" need to be implemented in order to terminate my bad personality side and let my good driving personality flourish!!
part 2=anchor

inner=anchor
Dr. James' articles on driving behaviors were fascinating. I never thought that there were so much involved in traffic psychology. Until I read this inner article, I did not particularly pay attention to my inner "conversations". However, there are conversations going on in my head all the time. The other day, I paid attention to my inner dialogue while I was driving. I found that for the most part, they were conflicts between my "good" side and my "bad" side. For me the "bad"(very bad!) side seems to prevail. For example, my good side wastelling me to not make faces at a driver that was driving like a turtle in front of me, and my bad side was telling me to honk my horn, swear loud, and to pass her while give her a glaring look. It turns out that after much confrontation between my inner voice, the bad side won and I ended up doing the latter.I plan to pay more attention to my inner speech from now on. This way, I can understand more clearly what I am feeling and thinking. Perhaps this will also help me in the driving personality makeover!(HOPEFULLY)

verbal=anchor
It is interesting that researchers are investigating the correlation between the inner and outer voice (verbal) in terms of problem solving strategies.This course seems like such an experiment! In that I mean that the students problem solving abilities can be observed by viewing what they have expressed in the labreports, which can be their inner and outer voice.In any case, it would be interesting to find out what kinds of "voices" will lead to better problem solving strategies.

mental health=anchor
I can really relate to this article. As I was reading about the various thoughts that the mentioned driver had, I felt like I was reading about myself. Driving seems to bring out the worst in me. I seem to experience feelings, thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that normally I would consider very inappropriate. I wonder why driving turns me into such a monster. I feel that my mental health is being affected each time I experience bursts of uncontrollable anger and violent thoughts. Perhaps continuing to have these thoughts, feelings, etc. when I drive will affect my mental health in other areas of my life as well.
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week 10


part one

results
I was surprised to find that I actually enjoyed the self witnessing observations. Many things that I had not taken notice in the past regarding my driving behaviors became clear and obvious to me through this exercise. I found that I do not particulary enjoy driving in convoys. I got very irritated having cars around me at such close distance. The only time that I did not mind driving in packs was when I was in the very front; this way, I get the freedom that I need and want while driving. Through this convoy observation, one main thing that became clear to me was the fact that I need a lot of space on the road when I am driving in order to be a "happy" driver. That is, I hate driving in convoys because of the necessity of "watching out" for the other drivers. Many people have expressed their likes of driving in convoys because of the safety or the protection that they feel, but I felt noe of these things. All I felt was the added burden of looking out for others and the irritation of not having my driving space to drive in a carefree manner. Now, I am not implying that I need my space in order to drive the way I want to drive (e.g. with excessive speed or lack of it), but that it is nice to drive independently on the road.

observations
The way I went about making observations for this exercise was varied. At times, I had a little notepad on the passenger's seat and whenever I came to a stop light, I wrote down my feelings, thoughts, and behaviors. Sometimes I got so carried away that the driver behind me had to let me know by honking his horn that the light had turned green. HA! Another way that I observed myself was counting the number of times that I got very angry while driving in convoys. Whenever I got angry, I made a slashmark on a piece of paper that was lying around in my car. Then when I got home, I counted up how many times I had gotten irritated and thought about the driving conditions on the road that particular day. For Example, were there a lot of "convoy-driving"? If so, were they big or small? where was I driving? any other environmental stress that may have added to the irritation? and so forth. I found this method very helpful in terms of finding out why I felt the way I did in certain convoys, not to mention safer than the previous method. Lastly, whenever I was driving with someone else in the car, I told them my feelings regarding convoys and asked them to evaluate my attitudes and behaviors in that particular situation. This was also very helpful and easy too. Sometimes, others can see things about your behaviors that you yourself can not or are not willing to see. In this respect, I trust the last method to be somewhat more accurate. However, because I tried to be as honest as possible in my own self-observation recordings, I feel that my other methods were accurate as well.

explanation
The fact that I do not like driving in convoys except when I am at the front of it seems to tell me that I need to learn to "share" the road with others and put up with various styles of driving more. Perhaps I am selfish in that I hate being caught in the middle or the back of a convoy because not "having it my way" irritates me very much.For example, if slower drivers were driving in front of me in a pack, I would get angry instead of driving with them as a pack. This would more than likely create problems for my driving behaviors because I will not always have the road to myself, or be far away from the other drivers. Often, the road is packed, and the need to drive in convoys becomes inevitable. I need to modify my behaviors, feelings, thoughts, and emotions so that I will be calm driving both in less crowded roads, and in convoys.

so what to do next
Through this exercise, I realized that I get upset a lot more than is necessary when driving, partcularly in convoys. The need for my freedom on the road was also recognized. This was the root of my irritation--if I was the only person that was driving on the road, I think that I will be happy and stress free! But of course, that is not the way life works and I need to deal with the other drivers, hopefully in an ideal and productive way. My ideal self would drive calmly, peacefully, and happily in all situations including driving in humongous convoys. Hopefully, I will reach this goal or get close to it in about 60 years. In order to reach this goal, I will start now to do the following: keep observing my driving behaviors in and out of convoys, find out more clearly what exactly is it about convoys that upsets me, slowly changing my behaviors and feelings whenever negative ones come up, and be persistant in changing my behaviors, thoughts, feelings and emotions when driving especially in convoys. go to top of document

week 11


cause of stress
The writer of the first paper talks about how to reach the goal of becoming a noble driver. First she talks about the problems she has when she is driving. STRESS is her first problem. She attributes her stress to a hard day that she has everyday--drving home is the the most stressful for her because the stress that she encounters in school compounds her stress in driving. Driving while under stress coerces her to daydream which of course is dangerous. In an article that she has read, the researchers have concluded that psychological stress of driving is caused by job (or school) strains in many cases. Perhaps this is why there are more accidents during after-job/school hours!? In any case, she agrees with the conclusions that the researchers have made. I do not think that driving stress is causes directly by job or school stress per se, but I do believe that stresses encountered in work or school can certainly compound the problem of handling and controlling stress of driving. Whenever I am free of stress from school, I notice that my behaviors and feelings are a lot more pleasant while driving; when I am worried about an upcoming test or a project, I notice that I get a lot more irritated on the road. This is the case even if the road conditions are the same in both situations.

visual impairment
Another problem that the writer of the paper has that relates to the obstacle of becoming a noble driver is visual impairment. When I first read this, I said to myself, "HUH?! What is she talking about?". However, it began to make sense as I read further.This is a problem that she has particularly when it rains or when she is drving in a fog. She realized that she became a hostile driver when the road conditions are not clearly seen. She contributes this to fer added frustration and anxiety. Although things like this are not in our control perhaps we could arrange it so that we would not drive as often in such conditions if we can help it. This will lead to less stress on the road and perhaps less problems in terms of traffic and accidents.

stop signs
Yet another problem for the writer of the paper was that she does not want to and does not if she can get away with it, stop at stop signs. This obviously hinders one from becoming a noble driver! She read an article that lists statistics of the estimation of safe stopping distances. It talks about what the proper distance for stopping at a stop sign is and also about when the right time to push the break pedal is! She followed the advice given in this article and felt that it really helped her to stop at a stop sign. I am not quite sure how an article on the "hows" of stopping would help an individual who does not want to follow this stop sign law. You either stop or you do not, regardless of what you read. I have a problem of not coming to a complete stop at a stop sign also. Sometimes I feel silly stopping at a stop sign when I see that the road ahead is clear. However, if this is keeping me from becoming a noble driver, then I should definitely make an effort to stop at stop signs. It is, however, difficult to carry it out in action...unfortunately.

bad habits
Then the writer of the paper lists some habits that would keep one from becoming a less than noble driver. These habits are the following: slow driving, weaving in and out of lanes, tailgating, rubbernecking, not waiting turn, being ungrateful (yes, being ungrateful), being inattentive, not letting others in, and blcoking intersections. I can not seem to argue with these lists as obviously they are all habits that are not good for most people. These are all the habits that are common and ones that we have talked about in class discussions; one can argue for or against these things.

altered ego
The writer also talks about an altered ego--a driver who has this causes various problems in her opinion. She says that radical or bad driving is not an acquired trait but differs depending on the circumstances of the driver. Sometimes, the ego "alters" for the worse. For example, she says that when she is late for work, her personality when driving changes for the worse, altering her ego--keeping her further away from becoming a noble driver.

zen driving
Lastly, the writer suggests that drivers should participate in zen driving. This involves creating an atmosphre that is nice and calm to "...appreciate the ride instead of being a grouch". The key to this is keeping emotions under control, not letting the other drivers get to you. This would be an ideal situation, but it sure is hard to "zen" drive! Enjoying to drive is the key according to her in order to become a noble driver. I agree with the last statement, but how to make driving enjoyable is not stated in the paper. According to the paper, she became a better driver by keeping her emotions in check. She feels that she definitely is a transformed-for-the-better driver;self-observing helped her tremendously to accomplish goal. I know a lot more about my driving behaviors and my psychological states when I am driving. I feel that this is a big step in becoming close to the goal of being a noble driver. I need to find out the ways to keep my emotions under control when I drive. Then perhaps I will be even closer to the goal of becoming a noble driver.
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week 12

legal aspect
Up until now, I did not like people who tailgated. As I observed them on the road, I would say to myself, "Those @#%!! people should hold their horses!" It was very irritating to have a car practically stuck to the rear of my car. I often wished that I had a missile that would shoot out from the back of my car and "get" those evil tailgaters. What I did not face was the fact that I often tailgated also. However, I justified my actions by sayint that I am tailgating just this once because I am late for an important meeting...always saying "just this once". What I recently realized through self observations we have done in this class was that other "evil" tailgaters may be feeling exactly the ssame way about themselves. They may feel that they have the right to tailgate because they are going somewhere important. I guess it is true that almost everyone tailgates. Many times tailgating can be dangerous, causing various accidents possibly even causing injuries and deaths. Despite that, many people tailgate. I do not think that just telling drivers to avoid tailgating as much as possible will be effective. When psychologically in a rush or feel that the drivers ahead of us are too slow, we tend to tailgate and feel that it is OK. Perhaps we need an incentive like the law watching over us tailgaters. How about a ticket or a fine of $50?! Too strict some may say? Well, maybe. However, it is true that many times tailgating is a cause of accidents that bring pain and suffering to innocent people which brings us to...

moral aspect
Incentives like not breaking the law may result in the decrease of tailgaters, but what about the moral aspects of tailgaters? If drivers do not believe that they are doing anything wrong when tailgating, they may keep on doing it. Perhaps some drivers do not care about the moral aspects at all. However I believe that for the majority of the people the morality concerning drving habits are important. I found that many of my Christian friends do not tailgate because they feel that it is morally wrong to increase the chance of accidents through tailgating...more about them when I talk about the spiritual aspect. Because what is moral to one person may be immoral to another, the moral aspect of tailgating, whether it is moral or not is different from person to person. Some may not even feel that tailgating has anything to do with a moral issue. Ideally, ofcourse one would say that tailgating is not morally correct because it irritates others, brings out the worst in the driver that is doing the tailgating (emotionally, psychologically, etc.), create more possibilties of accidents, increase chances of arguments between drivers, and so forth regarding the negative aspects of tailgating. I found through self observation that when I tailgate, my feelings, thoughts, and emotions become hostile. That is, the action of my tailgating seems to enhace my psychological aspects: I curse the slow driver in front of me, make loud noises, and get very irritated at everyone and everything. I wonder if there is anything good that will come out of tailgating...if there is, someone please tell me!

spiritual aspect
As I have mentioned in the previous paragraph, my Christian friends think about tailgating as having spiritual implications. For them God is watching their avery actions and they avoid "sin" or things that cause harm to them and others, as much as they can. Tailgating, because it only brings about the negativities in people and situations, the Christians consider it a sin. So they avoid tailgating, keeping their distance from other drivers as much as possible. I think that even for non-Christians many people feel that something or someone , above us...a higher being is watching us. This may lead to us having second thoughts when we tailgate or do other driving "no no's". If actions here on earht will affect what will happen in after life, we want to be as good as possible. For every action that we make, we stop and ask ourselves whether it is "good" or "not good". When it comes to tailgating, I do not think that many will feel that it is "good". The ideal is that spiritually we should avoid tailgating, but in the "real" world, people do not stop to ask themselves whether their action is good or bad. When faced with stress of day to day rushing, many will choose the easy way of avoiding confronting the issues of morality or spirituality when it comes to things that seem trivial at the moment as tailgating. It seems that only when there is an aversive consequence will people actually stop and think about tailgating. For believers of God or some higher being and/or afterlife, the morality and the spirituality issue might be enough to get them thinking about whether or not to tailgate. However for others, making tailgating a legal issue may be the only way.

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week 13


noble driver
The generational curriculum paper that I read focussed on how to become a noble driver. She felt that she had accomplished her goal through self observance of her driving habits. A noble driver to her is a driver who has his/her emotions under control, someone who is able to separate themsleves from what is happening on the road (This does not mean that one should separate him/herself from concentrating on the road! MInd you, this would be "un"noble way of driving!), someone who is considerate of others, and someone who is less self centered. One book that she highlly recommends is the following: DRIVING: A TASK ANALYSIS APPROACH by Bishop, Calvin, and McPherson (1975). According to her, this book will teach you everything you need to know about driving to become a noble driver! What a book,huh?! The book teaches you about the different signs, symbols, and traffic controls...and "contains all the rules and regulations a licensed driver must follow" and various decision-making strategies in driving behaviors are covered. She says that "It is a vvery throrough book to read if you want to become a noble driver".It answers any questions you may have regarding driving!

driving stress
In her paper she talks about the various problems that need to be solved before one can actually become a noble driver. The first and the most prominent problem is the stress. She says that there is a correlation between job strain (or school strain!) and the stress that comes about through driving. Stress causes her to daydream while driving...and that is needless to say, extremely dangerous. Whenever she encounters sress on the job or at school, this daydreaming brought about through stress of driving increases tremendously. Thus, she stresses the importance of the control of stress in all areas of life. This is because those stress will increase the amount of driving stress and no doubt influence the way one drives in a negative way.

other hassles
Other "hassles" that stand in the way of people becoming noble drivers are listed in her paper. The first one is the visual impairment. If a driver is not able to see clearly what is ahead of him/her, stress will be increased on his/her part. The visual impairment for the most part are circumstances that are not under their control. Rainy or foggy days for example is a hassle, but there is not much we can do except to be more careful. She mentions that her visual impairment brought about by bad weather is the main reason for her hostility when driving. Because things like the weather are not in our control, perhaps the only thing we can do is control our thoughts, feelings, and actions. After all, they are under our control (or should be, right?!). If we can not control our emotions, then maybe we should avoid driving in bad weather until we can. Another hassle is the irriitating driving habits of others. They include the following: misusers of turn signals, slow drivers, weavers through traffic, tailgaters, rubberneckers, inattentive drivers, and "fools" who block intersections. Being aware of these habits are important when trying to change driving behaviors. Also, being aware makes one more understandinng when other drivers perform these acts on the road. Yes, they will still upset you, but you will not be surprised that someone did that, at least. I guess being aware makes you prepared to face the drivers who perform such irritating habits.(We all do them, right?!)

altering ego
She also wrote about an article that she had read regarding drivers whose personalities change once they are behind the wheel. Thus, the name "altered" ego. Many people once they get behind a wheel their personality changes for the worst. They can be the sweetest person out of the car, but once they are the driver...it is almost like Dr.Jekyll! She suggests that perhaps drivers feel safer in a car, so they let their "devil" out...at least no one can hear you do it! I wonder if there are people whose personalities changes for the better when they are driving? Maybe they are a mean person usually, but once behind a wheel they become angels? I have never heard of that kind of an altered ego. Have you?

driving zenly
Also see Todd Crawford's report. She then talks about ways to make driving a better experience...to make driving more enjoyable. It is about having controlling negative feelings and anxieties that comes with them. She suggests the practice of zen driving. It includes creating a nice and calm atmosphere for the drivers so that they can appreciate the ride. She says the key is to keep your emotions under control by not letting the other drivers get to you. Listening to soothing music or having a pleasant company, or listening to comical program while in the car are just a few of the suggestions for enhancing zen driving. Then after all that, one will be closer to attaining the mark of a zen driver. That will make one realize that driving is not a chore, but a privilege.

week 14


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week 15


my web pages
A bad start at the beginning of this semester put me way back. I felt as if I was always rushing to catch up on my assignments. However, thinking about where I was during the first few weeks of class, I am pretty satisfied with what I have accomplished. I started with not knowing a thing about emacs or the internet in general...I was terribly lost...but now, to be able to get into the programs and typing in various commands and seeing them work make me feel that I have come very far. Sure, there are people whose pages are just totally beautiful and organized; and I admire their work very much, but I am satisfied with my web pages too. I only wish that I had more time to put the final "frills" and additional touches to beautify them. Just when I felt like I finally know how to work on the web pages, the semester is over.

worth it?
Initially, I was not sure if this was all worth it. The sleepless nights that I have gone through worrying about my web pages, the endless hours thatwere spent in CLIC and Keller (I practically lived there!)...I felt extremely frustrated many times. Now that I look back though, I do think that it was worth it. I do not have a computer-phobia anymore! I am comfortable navigating through the internet which I know will become very handy in the future. Then I am going to have to thank Dr. James for making me go through this. Sure it was tough, and I thought of quitting many many times, but I can now truly say that it was all worth it. It was worth it because if it was not for this class, I would not have been expose to the internet. More and more things are added on to the internet and it seems that people will miss out on too much information without knowing about it. Even if I had to have been forced to learn how to surf through it, I am glad. Because the furture is in the informational super highway, this was all worth it.

if i had a second chance
If I had another chance to do it all over again, I would do so many things differently. First of all, I would NOT wait to ask for help. That was my main problem this semester. I was hoping (wishful thinking!) that somehow, miraculously, I would get it one day. Then finally after waiting waaaaaaay too long, I threw away my stupid pride to ask for help. By then, many people were on a roll and having a great time on the web pages. I was struggling to catch up on the first few assignments. That was the biggest mistake that was made this semester and I regret it very much. If I could go back to the beginning of this semester, I would work on the web pages every single day, a little at a time, immdeiately asking questions whenever I encountered it, and not get even a week behind. That I feel is very important in avoiding unnecessary grief and stress.

suggestions
The suggestions that I have for future generations are the following: Do not get behind! I can not stress this enough. Thinking that you can catch up two, three, or even more weeks worth of homework is a mistake! It will no doubt stress you out. Keep up with the weekly homework. Initially, go to the computer lab every day if possible, even for a few minutes. Also, as I have mentioned in the previous paragraph, ask questions whenever you encouter it...do not wait! Call Dr.James right away! Always stay on top of things from the beginning of the semester...if not, you will suffer. You will feel as though you are always trying to catch up. This will prevent you from having fun exploring on the internet. If you have extra time, spice up your web pages...make it fancy...make it original...Dr. James will love it! (and it will show on your grade!) SO go do your internet homework RIGHT NOW! NOW! I have one suggestion for Dr. James. Please assume that many of the students are computer illiterates and they need specific, detailed, step by step instructions (even on how to turn on the computers!). Detailed instructions passed out as handouts on the first day of class will be extremely helpful. If I had had complete instructions, I feel that I would have spent more time enjoying srufing on the internet, rather than struggling to figure out the "how to's" of the internet.

other comments on web
I have to say even though I struggled, I am happy that I was introduced to the web. I did enjoy my navigation thorough the internet. Ienjoyed reading others' reports and I also had fun going throught the various information that were offered in the internet. I never thought that so much information could be obtained merely by a press of a button...no wonder they call it the information super highway! I would like to continue learning more about the internet and put in into my daily life. I know now that I would be missing out on so much if I do not. So yes, definitely I would come back to get more out of the internet. Perhaps I will read up on it or take classes to learn more about it so that I will feel more comfortable surfing through it. The homework assignments that the students of this semester had will be fine just as long as the students have a specific information regarding how to use the emacs. For example, exact commands for the program should be printed out and handed out to them at the beginning of the semester. Having those information will definitely make the homework assignments more "do-able". Also regarding awards: Perhaps more awards should be given out to the students just as a psychological support. It will no doubt boost their confidence and help them to do a better job on the future assignments. An award for things like having the longest labreport or having completed the assignment the earliest would be great. Little support like that would make the students want to do a better job.May be every student should get an award...everyone I am sure has done something good or outstanding. Recognizing the good in everyone will boost the confidence which in turn will result in better performance on their weekly assignments.

my files
Dr. James can do whatever he wants to with my files. It would be fun to come back to the traffic psychology pages while surfing on the internet and seeing my classmates' and my pages in them. It would be very interesting to compare the reports of the future generations' to my generations' and see how the ways of thinking have stayed the same or changed over the years. I definitely am planning to revisit these pages in the future. It would be neat to see how traffic psychology has changed or stayed the same through the years. It would also be fun to see what types of improvements Dr. James makes on his homepages. No doubt that this type of communication and interaction will expand and be readily available to everyone in the future. I feel that this is especially the case in the classrooms. Therefore, I am glad that I had the opportunity to be a part of this early in its stage. I am sure that it will be more complicated in the future...and it will be a lot more useful. I definitely plan to revisit in the future to see how traffic psychology has changed over the years. I am sure that it will come in handy when I am feeling frustrated because of the morning traffic that I will surely encounter in my daily commute to work.


My Comments

See Jo Allen's report
I agree with what Jo Allen says regarding tailgating: that is disrespectful for morality. In an ideal world this would certainly pass. However, ufortunately, almost everyone seems to tailgate and they justify that it is OK when they do it. Yes, it does cause a lot of problems and increase the chances of accidents, as I have mentioned also in my report. However, many people do not see it as such a terrible thing and do it often.

See Todd Crawford's report
Perhaps as Todd Crawford says, tailgaters do need therpay! The suggestion that tailgating should be classified as a disorder that should be included in the DSM is very interesting. Although it may at first sound a little too far fetched, maybe there is some sense about the suggestion. Could it be that there is a psychological disorder that underlies the behavior of tailgating?As Miss Isa says, tailgating is an act of aggression and we all agree that aggression should be controlled. It is important to examine closely where this aggression (and thus, tailgating) stems from. More research about tailgating as an act of aggression should be done. Then it may be wise to not punish tailgaters by giving them tickets or fines, etc. ,but by going to the root of the problem. That is taking care of the psychological problem such as aggression that may underlie these drivers who tailgate.