Jae Isa's Labreport File

For Psy 459

e-mail address: jisa@uhunix.uhcc.hawaii.edu


Instructor's Home Page
Instructor's Weekly Comments File
Jae Isa's Home Page
Jae Isa's Glossary File
Other Students' Lab Reports

Labreports: Report 1A Report 1B Report 1C Report 2A

Homework Assignments: Homework Week 4 Homework Week 5 Homework Week 6 Homework Week 7 Homework Week 8 Homework Week 9 Homework Week 10 Homework Week 11 Homework Week 12 Homework Week 13 Homework Week 14 Homework Week 15

My Comments on Other Students' Lab Report: Comments Week 5, My First 3 Links Comments Week 6, My Next 3 Links Comments Week 7, 6 New Hot Links for Psy 459 Comments Week 8, 6 Links to Psy 409

My Web Links: Upcoming Meeting Relevant to Bicycling Virtual Ventures Dealernet

My Annotated Bibliography

My Bookmark

Jae Isa's COMPLETE Topical Index to Labreport File

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Labreports



Report 1A


Traffic Psy
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See In Relation to Traffic Psychology

On the first day of class, the concept of "Traffic Psychology" and its two main purposes were introduced. The first purpose was aimed at decreasing the amount of auto accidents and traffic fatalities. The second purpose was to improve the American character. I found this concept meaningful because of the first purpose. I feel that this area of study may be able to explain other traffic related phenomenon and may also help to develop better, safer and more realistic traffic laws and regulations. Most studies I've read were statistical and not analytical. Most say "what" happen and not "why" it happened. For example, just the other day I read an article in my motorcyclist magazine which cited a research that said 85% of drivers settle into a speed that's right for traffic conditions and that anyone going slower than the flow of traffic (the 85%) were at a greater accident risk. Traffic psychology may be able to explain why this occurs.

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Denial
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The portion of this concept I do not agree with is the idea of "denial." I do not feel that drivers can deny a concept if they are not aware of its existence. I feel that when we drive, we become a different "animal." I was once told by a friend that cars are like cattle and move like cattle - in a chute, bunched together and moving in one direction. Thus we become "cattle." I say this because driving is so routine or becomes so. I feel that we do not normally analyze our driving habits and skills and we don't normally ask "why" we did something unless placed in an abnormal situation (e.g. an accident).

Traffic psychology is a concept that may prove to be helpful in explaining why people do what they do in traffic and in decreasing auto accidents and fatalities. However, to be effective, I think that the awareness of traffic psychology is the area that should be considered rather than the denial of it.

I also found the whole concept of Internet meaningful and quite fascinating. Internet is a relatively new communications system that enables millions across the nation to correspond and gather information in an immediate and convenient way. Internet provides services such as e-mail, file transfers, newsnet, gopher and access to other resources which makes one's computer terminal a "one-stop-shop" for students, schools, businesses, government and people alike.

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Cyberspace
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But besides the wonderful advantages provided by this great leap in technology, Internet is an emerging subculture which psychology has yet to explore. This new phenomena of "Cyberspace" creates a whole new social structure in relations to communicating and social interactions. For example, traditionally, people meet one another in a social setting and then decide whether or not they want to become better acquainted. However, in the Cyberspace "culture", the opposite holds true, people get to know each other first (via communication on e-mail) and then decide whether or not they would like to meet.

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Comm Tech
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Another social issue that could be explored by psychology is the communication techniques themselves. Because people are virtually "anonymous" on the Internet, do they try to create a better image of themselves (self-presentation), or do they adopt characteristics or become the type of person they feel others perceive them to be (self-fulfilling prophecy) and how powerful and influential are the use of non-verbal cues in the initiation of cyberspace relationships?

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Impact
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These are just the few of many issues that could be explored to help us to better understand the arising issues regarding cyberspace and the impact it has on its users. It may also help contribute to improving the network which would only be a benefit to all users. Who knows...perhaps in the years to come "Cyberspace Psychology," like Traffic Psychology, may be one of the courses students can opt to take...however, for the time being, I think I'm satisfied with just learning the basics of what cyberspace is and how to operate this complex yet fascinating phenomena.

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Car Phobia
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Our class discussions regarding our generational reports have been very interesting and easy to relate to. The issue I found most fascinating was the concept of car phobias and how some individuals were terrified to commute by cars. The treatments suggested were psychodynamic in mature (in-vivo and systematic de-sensitization hierarchy model) and outcomes were not thoroughly discussed. However, what interested me was how car phobias compared to the concept discussed in one of my generational reports. In my report, it is discussed how the car is an extension of our home and how it represents a "safety blanket" when we leave the security of our home. Interestingly enough, this held true for agoraphobic who were afraid to leave their home but experienced no anxiety when placed in a situation where they needed to ride in a car. Thus, on one side of the coin, the car can elicit fear and intense anxiety learned or caused by a previous event and on the other side of the coin, it can provide comfortability and security to the vast majority. Isn't it amazing how a single object is capable of eliciting different reactions and emotions and why and how our minds process the same information differently?

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Report 1B


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The generational reports I've read were very informative and brought up a lot of interesting issues, most of which I could relate to and some of which I really never gave any particular attention to prior to the readings.

Cellphones
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Also see Asahina's Report

The first report I read was entitled "Driving Force Behind the Wheel: Motorists and Their Cellular Phones." In this report the narrator related the use of cellular phones while driving to one's driving capacity. She introduced the theory of "attention deficit problem" which is a phenomena that occurs when a person who uses a cellular phone while driving is forced to divide their attention between what is happening on the road and what is going on on the phone.

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Age Groups
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The narrator then pointed out how the different age groups, young adulthood, middle adulthood and elders, are all negatively affected by the use of cellular phones while driving when added to their already existent vulnerabilities. For example, young adults are already vulnerable to distractions from the radio, middle-aged adults experience the decline of simple reaction time and elders, the decrease of sensory and psychomotor abilities.

Distractors
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Also see Balatico's Report

The three main distractions of cellular phone use while driving were then listed as follows: 1) placing a call, 2) casual chit-chat, and 3) intense conversation with the latter resulting in the greatest performance decrement. The report was concluded with a probably solution by citing a law enacted in Brazil where it's a crime to use cellular phones while driving unless the phone was "voice-activated."

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Cell Reaction
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I can relate to the idea of how using cellular phones can decrease one's driving capacity regardless of how experienced a driver one is. I've been in situations where I've momentarily lost my place on the phone or took a turn to wide or short because of my "need" to use my cellular phone when driving. I've also been in situations where other cars, whose drivers were on their phones, have accidently swerved into my lane because of their inattentiveness to what's going on in traffic.

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Cell Solution
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Although I agree that the use of cellular phones have a tremendous affect in driving, I don't think that there's a probably solution to this increasing problem. Making it a crime to use cellular phones while driving will not be acknowledged. A vast majority of individuals who use cellular phones are in a social status where they can afford such a luxury and therefore the fines of using a cellular phone. They are also in a strong position to lobby against such a law, justifying the use of cellular phones while driving as imminent in emergency and critical situations. Police officers who already have their hands full watching for moving violators and drunk drivers may not place cellular phone users as a high priority case. In fact, locally, drivers who currently have cellular phones prove to be great assets in informing the general public of traffic conditions via radio stations. They may also contribute to the breakdown on drunk driving (eg. our local fire chief) and aid the police in helping stranded motorists (there aren't nearly enough emergency phones situated along the freeways and highways) and perhaps, make the community a safer place.

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Noise Pollution
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The second report I read was entitled "Driving Force Behind the Wheel: Noise Pollution Loud and Clear." In this report the narrator discussed how noise pollution, in the form of "souped-up" cars and motorcycles, decrease the quality of life and how everyone should take a personal responsibility towards noise abatement. The narrator also gave suggestions as to what could be done at the government, economic, and industrial level to help decrease the problem of noise pollution.

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Government
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The government could implement noise abatement policies and regulations and lower the noise emission limits for motor vehicles. Programs could be designed aimed at changing the attitudes of planners and industry by providing education and information regarding noise pollution and the impact it has on the general public.

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Economic
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On the economic level, incentives such as fines and taxes on noise pollution could deter individuals from omitting loud disturbances. Industrially, manufactures could promote quiet products and discourage high noise vehicles. Anti-noise campaigns and preferential treatment for quiet vehicles would also serve as incentives towards noise abatement.

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Noise Reaction
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I enjoyed reading this report because like the narrator I find "souped-up" vehicles an annoying and distracting disturbance of the peace, especially since I live in a very, very quiet neighborhood - Mililani. I can also relate to the problem of noise pollution because I'm a faithful parker in UH's parking structure. Arriving early in the morning, I try to catch a few winks before setting off to class. However, there isn't a morning that goes by when my sleep isn't interrupted by the sounds of a "gunned-up" muffler which not only echoes through the structure, but sets off a domino effect of car alarms sensitive to any type of vibration.

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Noise Solution
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The suggested solution in the fight towards noise abatement are good ones. I feel that there is so much more the government, industry and the public in general can do to help create a better environment, an environment free from unnecessary noise pollution. However, this fight could prove to be a difficult one because consistent with the view that the car is an extension and image of one's self, people will be less apt to adhering to rules and regulations on what they can and can not do in respect to their well-being and personal belongings.

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Report 1C


Internet Reaction
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As fascinating as I find the Internet to be, it is the most complex and confusing computer software I have ever experienced. To begin with, I am not very computer literate. The only manner in which I regularly use my PC, is as a "souped-up" typewriter. Thus our lessons and weekly assignments are not only foreign, but very confusing and above all, frustrating. *To tell you the truth I hadn't expected to be working on the computer/Internet in this class because it was not in our course description for PSY 459 when we registered.

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Internet Emotions
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See Internet Literate

My first experience with Internet was filled with mixed emotions. I was anxious because I didn't know what to expect. I was nervous because I didn't and still don't know a thing about computers. I was also excited to venture into the vast world of Cyberspace. Our first assignment, sending Dr. James an e-mail was probably the easiest and most comprehendable task I've carried out thus far. Browsing through Gopher and Mosaic was/is very interesting and I was amazed how much information one can access with a click of a button.

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Syllabus Experience
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See Link Reaction and Alamares 1

My next task was pulling up the syllabus for 459 from Dr.James' home page. Following Dr. James' instructions to the tee I was able to view his home page, but unable to access any of the links (yes my links were numbers and saved under options). Whenever I pressed the arrow keys nothing happened - just a beep, which everyone knows as meaning "you've hit a dead end." So I tried again and again, day after day, but to no avail. By this time I was totally frustrated and stressed, "why was it that everyone else was able to access the links but not I?" Finally, by some force of nature, I went to the computer lab at Porteus (up until then I was working at Keller and at home> and BINGO! I got in! My first taste of triumph!! I was relieved and happy. However, that was quickly replaced by perplex and awe as I sat exploring the different links discussing "links," "anchors," homework assignments and file creating in what appeared to me, in a foreign language. ACK!! @#$!? - "What have I gotten myself into," I thought. But there was no turning back...I need this class to graduate! :)

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First Lab React
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I typed up our first lab report and fortunately I did something right - it's still on file and Dr. James was able to view it. :) Now I just need to concentrate on mastering the techniques of links and anchors. As I've viewed other students' source pages, I've noticed that everyone does theirs' slightly different. So I'm still trying to figure out how I'll be setting mine up.

My Plans
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For the time being, I plan to continuously go over the syllabus, hints on how to..., and the instructor's comments to help better acquaint me with the different commands and concepts we'll be exploring in detail throughout the semester.

Goals
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As frustrating as this course is, I'm determined to get through this with the minimal amount of white hair and wrinkles. Thank goodness I have a buddy in this class who doesn't mind the endless calls for help filled with stress, panic and joys of triumphs...:)

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Report 2A


1st Class Activity
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The first class activity that we participated in and which is still in progress is the oral presentation of our generational curriculum papers of past psy 459 students. Many different topics and issues regarding traffic psychology are explored in unique ways which generates a host of class discussions. These class discussions relates personal experiences and reactions to the theories stated in the reports.

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Got Out of It 1
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I feel that this activity not only makes us aware of the different processes involved in traffic psychology, but it also allows us to "socialize" and get to know each other better. As each week passes and as more students give their oral reports, I feel more comfortable and at ease with my classmates. Our class discussions and oral reports creates a relaxed, informal atmosphere. So much so that hopefully I'll be able to overcome my phobia of public speaking and present my oral report without a "trembling voice." (We'll just see about this come Thursday, thus if I got anything out of this activity, it is becoming more acquainted with my classmates and overcoming my anxiety of speaking in front of strangers).

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2nd Class Activity
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I'll describe a second class activity after we engage in one. Correct me if I'm wrong, but so far the only class activity we had was the oral reports. I read in the syllabus that we have debates and forums in store for us...oh oh...more public speaking...

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Homework Assignments




Homework Week 4


Link Reaction
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Also see Takitani's Report

Once I was able to access the various links from Dr. James' homepage (I was having a very difficult time at the beginning, see syllabus experience), I went through most of the links regarding 459 and 409. A lot of the information are interconnected so its easy to go through everything yet miss a lot of minute and important details. However, if you sit at your computer long enough, you'll pretty much come across everything. The most nerve-racking experience is trying to remember where I accessed a particular subject/topic...clicking through all the links, it's not very hard to forget just how I got there. Maybe I should be more attentive to the link titles, but it's rather difficult when I'm so overwhelmed by its contents - I think Dr. James refers to this concept as "information shock." On other occasions I'll end up in a particular file I did not intend to pull up and wonder how I got there. But I do notice that the more I explore the links and get used to it, the easier it is to pull up information regarding specific topics and work different commands.

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Internet Probs
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I haven't done too much exploring into other students files thus far, nor have I attempted to create links between mine and other students' labreports...but I will be and I do expect to run into problems. Hence, the re-introduction of stress and frustration. Although I may feel anxious while in Cyberspace limbo, it's comforting to know that others are experiencing the same ups and downs as I am - I am not alone.

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Internet Thoughts
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See Internet Literate
Also See Takitani's Report

I'm glad to be learning the Internet. It has so much to offer and it is up to us to take every advantage of it. At the beginning, I was a little upset to learn that we were going to be working with computers and spending most of my time in Cyberspace limbo did not help matters at all. I directed most of my energy in ranting and raging on how dumb this 'computer thing' was. I was on the verge of tears when a good friend pointed out that "to learn, one needs to WANT to learn and if not, there's no sense to it at all." The key to deal with frustration, depression, pessimistic thoughts and above all information shock is mind set. Being psychology majors, I don't think I need to explain more. So now I direct my energy in learning the Internet, day by day, error by error and also by spending most of my free time at the computer labs (although I have a modem at home) driving the attendants crazy with questions...I'm slowly but surely getting there...wherever 'there' may be. :)

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Homework Week 5


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I couldn't find any "generational curriculum papers" but I was able to access the 1991 Course Integrated Online Socializing Files. I e-mailed Dr. James and asked him if this was one in the same file and if not, which one do we use for our week 5 homework. He responded and said to use the 1991 students' file.

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1991 Student Files
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The 1991 students' files are comprised of MANY short personal accounts and reactions of their experiences using PLATO in their psy and/or stats class. I'm not too familiar with PLATO but I can relate to their thoughts and feelings towards working with a new computer software.

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State of Mind
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Also see Kwock's Report

From the beginning of their semester they went through the same stress, frustration and anxiety of learning a new computer program as we are right now. I remember one student in particular (May 1991) who referred to his experience as being in "hell." Some students were going koo-koos with having to spend a great deal of their free time learning and completing their assignments on PLATO. Others were doing just enough to get by while wondering what purpose PLATO was serving. Their assignments seemed to be geared towards interacting with other students online, rather than concentrating on class materials.

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Accomplishments
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However, as their semester drew to an end, most were content and satisfied with their accomplishments of mastering PLATO and fulfilling their course requirements. Some were glad to have learned this new concept because they were able to get to know their classmates better. Whereas others, were stilling pondering as to its relevance to their psy/stats class. Their greatest accomplishment however, was their acquisition of new knowledge. As pointed out by Dr. James, knowledge is a combination of learning, motivation, fun and security. And this is exactly what all of his past students achieved...and what his present students are striving for.

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Learning Experience
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From reading the online files, I learned how everyone goes through the same feelings and thought process when acquiring a new skill. It's interesting how you could substitute the word PLATO with Internet (in their files) and the thoughts and reactions remain virtually the same. Knowing that other students went through the same @#*%!? is reassuring. Not that I'm happy that others had a tough time, but because it proves that all these mixed emotions are part of the normal processes involved in learning something/anything new. Also, knowing how everyone "survived" the course and were content at the end of their semester, leaves me anxiously awaiting for my turn to slide down my rainbow into my pot of gold!...

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Suggestions
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A suggestion for future generations? In respect to learning something new - it takes time and you need to allow yourself the time to complete each task. In other words, DON'T procrastinate. And as cliches go, take things one day at a time and try to remain calm, don't panic. Keep asking questions, keep trying - don't give up, and above all, keep a POSITIVE MIND! Nothing's impossible...

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Homework Week 6


How I Found My Links
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See My Annotated Bibliography

I kinda cheated...I just happened to stumble across of Todd Takitani's week 6 homework assignment and there it was...instructions and procedures he used to locate his 3 traffic related links Locating All of This. So instead of "experimenting" on my own, I basically followed the same procedures Todd used. Linking into the web crawler and accessing links were fun and much easier than I anticipated. The only downfall that I came across was that some of the links I wanted to "link" to had titles which were so long that it went off the resource page screen. So without the entire titles, I was unable to access several links I wanted to use. Is there anyway to view "writings" that go off the screen/monitor?!

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Upcoming Public Meetings Relevant to Bicycling
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This Upcoming Public Meeting Relevant to Bicycling file is an announcement inviting bicyclists in the city of San Fran to participate in two general public meetings. The goal of the meetings is to make San Fran a more "bicycle-friendly city." Suggestions, thoughts and opinions of local bicyclists are welcome in hopes of creating, promoting and enforcing rules and regulations regarding bicycling (on the road).

I think these meetings are important. Not only does it allow bicyclists to voice their thoughts and concerns in relation to traffic conditions on the road, but it also allows for full participation and interaction of all parties involved to work together in trying to solve and implement plans to create a healthy environment for bicyclists, pedestrians and drivers alike. A forum like this would prove very beneficial to our UH campus. There are so many accidents which have taken place on campus involving cars and bicyclists...

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Virtual Venture
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Virtual Ventures is a non-profit educational organization which began in the summer of 1994 at the Carleton University in Canada. The program is structured as week long summer camps where children (I think those below college aged years) are given the opportunity to "take the driving seat of an existing information highway--the Internet." They are given hands-on experiences working on the Internet by completing projects on WWW, Multi-media, and more. Besides cruising the Internet, these children are also gaining valuable experiences in learning to work collectively in groups, communicating effectively and becoming aware of world issues surrounding them.

I wish there was something similar to this workshop here at UH. Or are there existing workshops that I'm not already aware of? In regards to Virtual Ventures, isn't it amazing how advanced technology has become? And how children are being exposed and introduced to our computer-aged society at a very early age? I only wish that I had the same opportunities and advantages growing up...but hey, there's no time like the present and who says you can't teach an old dog new tricks?...I've come this faaaaar haven't I?! 8)

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Dealernet
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Hey peoples! Is anyone looking to buy a car? Dealernet is an on-line, one stop shop for people interested in purchasing a car. Can't afford one? Don't worry, link up to Dealernet and you can also enter to win "the first car give away on the Internet!" Good Luck and happy cruising...goosh, first there was shopping on the home network television, now there's shopping on the Internet, what will they think of next? :)

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Homework Week 7


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See Comments Week 7, Instructor's Article

Homework Week 8


Emacs
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Also see Jill Kaneshiro's Report

At the very beginning of the semester, working with emacs was the worst experience ever! But as I got use to the different commands and functions and felt more comfortable, emacs didn't seem as bad as I originally thought. Actually I enjoy working in emacs and as Dr. James states, "I hardly thought I would be learning it and loving it so soon!", see it? From knowing absolutely nothing, I'm now able to do things on the computer which I thought could never be done, much less from me.

Although I still run into problems from time to time, I'm familiar enough with emacs to know how to get myself back onto safer grounds.

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Internet Literate
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At first I had mixed feelings about working with/on the Internet. But as time went on I slowly began to appreciate everything it had to offer. One of the first thing that amazed me was how BIG this "Internet thing" was/is. There're millions(?) of people linked up together across the nation who are able to correspond and access info with a click of a button. How could a phenomena this grand go unnoticed to me for so long?

I'm glad that Dr. James decided to incorporate the Internet into psy 459. Not only is he preparing us for the "new information society" but he's also giving us a fighting chance in getting a job in our dog eat dog world, see it?

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Homework Week 9


Driving Personality Makeover
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To me a driving personality makover is when you become aware of your driving behaviors and patterns from which you consciously make the effort to improve certain aspects of your driving deemed inappropriate, negligent, unfit and harmful to yourself and other drivers.

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In Relation to Traffic Psychology
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On the first day of class, the term traffic psychology and its goals was introduced to us. See Dr. James's definition, my definition and my response to traffic psychology. From reading these descriptions one can conclude that traffic psychology and its goals are greatly related to a driving personality makeover. Being aware of the cognitive processes involved in one's traffic behavior is the basis of a driving makeover and the organization and procedure of one is essential in creating a safer, better traffic conditions and healthier well-beings.

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Good Driver
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See How Do I Rate?, A Pleasant Worthwhile and Peaceful Activity and Car Safety

A "good driver?" Does one really exist? Personally, I feel that a good driver is someone who is always attentive tot heir passengers, other drivers and constantly aware of the traffic conditions around them. A good driver is someone who adheres to the vast majority of traffic laws and regulations and is courtesy to other drivers. A good driver is someone who is in control and feels confident (not cocky) and comfortable behind the driver's wheel. Above all, a good driver is someone who practices good safety habits such as always wearing a seat belt, maintaining the maintenance of their car and not drinking and driving.

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How Do I Rate?
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In respect to my definition of a good driver I rate myself as an "average" driver. I'm not the best driver in the world nor am I the worst. Like Todd my driving persona is somewhat situational to both external and internal situations. For some examples see my change in personality and emotional state.

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My Mini Self Modification Experiment
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See Change in Feelings thoughts and Actions

I decided to start off small yet get to the core of my driving frenzies. Most of my undesirable driving traits seemed to be rooted in a "tit for tat" philosophy where I did things just to get back at other people. Again see my change in personality and emotional state.

To modify these behaviors I needed to change my attitude. I told myself that it was extremely important to control my anger and frustrations and not let it out at the people/drivers who upset me. I had to be more patient, open-minded and consider the feelings of other drivers.

Well easier said than done. It took a lot of concentration and will power to stay calm and collected in sticky situations. It was also hard to alter my negative thought into positive ones. What I found helpful to ease my stress and frustration were two relaxation techniques: 1) slowly counting to ten and 2) taking long, deep breaths. It also helped that my sisters, who are usually in the car with me, were aware of my "self modification experiment." This way, I had someone to coach and encourage me to remain cool in hot situations.

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A Pleasant Worthwhile and Peaceful Activity
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Personally, there are several things that would make driving a pleasant, worthwhile, and peaceful activity: 1) driving at my own leisure, which means driving because I want to not because I have to; 2) driving when there are absolutely no other cars on the road. And because there are no "other drivers" to take into consideration; 3) I wouldn't have to abide by the various traffic laws and regulations. To ensure my unlimited restrictions; 4) no police officers hiding behind curves and/or bushes anxiously waiting to pull over speeders, tailgaters, etc. to meet their daily quotas. And last but not least; 5) being the passenger instead of the driver!

However, these points are virtually impossible and unrealistic. So, I would be content to settle with driving on the road with drivers who possess majority of the traits I listed in my definition of a "good driver". Driving would be a pleasant, peaceful experience if 1) all drivers are consciously aware of traffic conditions at all time; 2) drivers are attentive to their passengers and other drivers; 3) drivers are courteous meaning that they do not tailgate, speed excessively, cut people off, weave in and out of traffic, etc.; 4) drivers are confident and comfortable behind the wheel of a motor vehicle; and 5) I learn to be more calm and relaxed in all driving situations.

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Change in Feelings Thoughts and Actions
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As I stated in my my mini self modification experiment, the core of my driving frenzies are rooted in an "eye for an eye, tooth for a tooth" philosophy. This thought pattern inevitable, and quite dangerously, elicits feelings of anger, frustration, and vengeance. These feelings of rage, in turn, is followed by my engagement of "unnoble" acts. To modify my negative and destructive cognitions, I need to internally rationalize that there may be justified reasons why some drivers engage in "unnoble" acts. I also need to remember that often times I engage in inappropriate driving behaviors myself. Hopefully, in this state of mind I will be more understanding and less likely to get emotionally stirred. I can also redirect my negative energy into positive thinking and relaxation techniques (slowly counting to ten and taking long, deep breaths) which greatly helps to relax and calm my tension. Another aspect which encourages model driving behaviors are my sisters who love to critique my driving skills in their quest for me to remain a relatively sane and peaceful driver.

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Long Term Prognosis for Successful Change Over
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I feel that if I concentrate and focus on changing my negative cognitions into positive ones, I will (eventually) succeed in breaking my bad driving habits. I also feel the key to success is genuinely wanting to change and with this comes the dedication, determination and the "drive" to do so. I truly want to alter my "unnoble" behaviors and become a "reformed driver" and I believe that with a lot of hard work, I will achieve this.

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Dr. James' Threefold Self
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It was interesting reading Dr. James' driving article. In this article he analyzed, at different levels, the roles of the affective self, cognitive self and sensorimotor self in relation to one's driving persona. He referred to this as his threefold self theory. Once a person's threefold self works collectively in compliance based on self witness reports, one has achieved the "ultimate" driving persona.

I enjoyed the examples Dr. James used to illustrate his points at each level. The examples made the theory easier to comprehend and I could relate to many of them (I can't remember how many times I said, "Oh yeah! That's me.", as I sat in front of the computer reading this article). The two examples I especially enjoyed (perhaps because it sounded like me?) were on mental health and angry.

Another section I found interesting was the paragraph on extreme. The "symptoms" of extreme physiological, emotional and irrational thought was amusing because I experienced a few of them from time to time. Also, I agree that there's a need to question the mental health of all drivers to study and arrive at a theory of driving behavior.

Dr. James created the threefold self theory to improve traffic conditions and the moral character of drivers. I agree with Dr. James that there's a need for more research in this area as to promote his goals of traffic psychology at a greater magnitude.

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Homework Week 10


Self-Witnessing Observations
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See Explanation of My Findings

For the past week I've been making a conscious effort to actively observe my driving behavior in traffic convoys. Through my self-witnessing observations in the form of speaking out loud, taking note to particular incidents, jotting down my thoughts and feeling, and receiving feedback form my passengers (namely my younger sisters who jump at the chance to critique their older sister) I've come to the conclusion that I do not enjoy traveling in convoys--unless it suits my needs.

I notice that I tend to follow a general pattern: first, I usually find myself at the head of a convoy. It's in this position where I feel the most stressed and pressured in respect to "setting the pace" and worrying, not only about the other cars in back of me, but also about getting pulled over for speeding. With this in mind I slack gas and find myself in the midst of the convoy. This is where I begin to feel suffocated and closed in by the cars around me. So I slack gas even more (ah, the legal speed limit now) and find myself at the end and, more than often, in between convoys. It's in this in between area where I feel the most comfortable and at ease. I can cruise along in my own space without having to worry about other drivers.

As I mentioned before, I don't enjoy driving in convoys unless it suits my needs. I notice that when I'm driving home alone late at night (I live in Mililani and travel the infamous Kipapa Gulch) I stay close to other cars. For as they say, "safety in number!" Other times I travel in convoys is when the convoy has been formed intentionally. By this I mean a group of my friends following one another towards the same destination.

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Explanation of My Findings
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One way I could explain my driving behavior in convoys is to look at driving as a social/personality issue. On one hand you have your socialists (convoyees), the extroverts who like to mix and mingle and find comfort amongst others. On the other hand you have your anti-socialists, the introverts who tend to shy away from others and enjoy their own space. Yet however distinct, there'll be times when they deviate from their normal behavior to suit their present needs.

This explanation would hold true for me because from reading my self-witnessing observations, one can conclude that I'm an anti-socialist (non-convoyee). This, bien sur, parallels my normal quiet, introverted self where I stay close to my kin and shy away from strangers. As for traveling in convoys at my discretion and convenience, it's human nature to look out for one's self and act upon instinct.

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Implication for Traffic Psychology
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One of the goals of traffic psychology is to improve the American character and if we become more aware of the roots of our driving patterns and behaviors it allows for change, improvement, and acceptance. This in turn would be the foundation of the second goal of traffic psychology which is the decrease of auto accidents and traffic related fatalities.

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Will This Influence My Driving?
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Yes and no. Yes in the sense that I'm now more aware of my driving behavior and patterns in convoys and the emotions I experience at different points within one. But no in the sense that my driving behavior in convoys will not change because I'm comfortable with it and it allows me to be a happier and relaxed driver.

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Any Suggestions?
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In respect to driving in convoys?...I can't really think of any right now.

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Homework Week 11


Description of Generational Paper 2
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The paper I read was entitled "My Personality in Traffic: How Selfish Can I Be?" In this paper the narrator created a list of "unnoble" acts he engaged in while driving, the reason why he did so, and the interventions he employed to improve his driving behavior in these situations.

To start off with he narrator described his driving character as similar to a Type A persona where he was always on the go, extremely impatient, and up tight. This short and to the point introduction set the mood of the paper.

The narrator was always in a rush because he didn't allow himself the appropriate time to arrive at his destination. So when he was confronted with a car going slow he'd get very upset and frustrated. He listed tailgating, speeding, and weaving in and out of traffic as the "unnoble" acts he did in this situation.

Another (spooky) thing he did when he was in a rush was not giving pedestrians the right of way. He considered waiting at crosswalks was a waste of time. So instead of patiently waiting for pedestrians to cross the crosswalk, he would anxiously yell at the pedestrians to hurry or edge his car into the intersections to prevent/cutoff pedestrians wanting to cross.

From doing this report, the narrator realized how harmful and disrespectful his "unnoble" acts were. To modify these behaviors he tried to allow himself more time to arrive at his destination and took into consideration the feelings of other drivers. In respect to pedestrians, he tried making personal contact with them by waving and smiling to them to help calm his impatience and tension.

The last "unnoble" act he listed was not letting other cars into his lane. He'd purposely speed up to the car in front of him to close the gap between him and the car making it impossible for anyone to change lane in front of him. He felt that by letting cars into his lane he was being taken advantaged of and, somehow, damaging his ego and self pride.

To modify this behavior he tried to learn to consider other drivers' feelings and not be too wrapped up in his own feelings.

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Reaction and Learning Experience
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At first, the narrator hard a difficult time sticking to his interventions. However, through the course of writing his self witnessing report he became aware and acknowledged the negative and harmful implications involved in his "unnoble" acts. He made it his resolution to consciously change his bad driving behaviors. Concentration and focus was his key in successfully altering his negative attitude and behaviors into positive ones. This act of actively changing his behavior fits into the second goal of traffic psychology which is improving the American character.

The one thing that I gained from this report is the use of two relaxation techniques the narrator employed to help calm himself down in sticky situations. They were 1) slowly counting to ten and 2) taking long, deep breaths. They may sound cliche but believe me, they really work!

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Homework Week 12


Legal Implications of Tailgating
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In class tailgating was defined as traveling less than the appropriate stopping distance necessary between two cars. More specifically, one car length for every 10 mph. In our Hawai`i State Driving Manual it is stated that the appropriate distance between cars be no less than two-second intervals. However, if asked to define tailgating, the majority of us would say something to the effect that tailgating is driving extremely close to the car in front. Which ever way you look at it, tailgating is unjustified. Legally, tailgating should not only be more strictly defined but also adamantly enforced to ensure the safety and well-beings of all citizens. I say this because tailgating touches upon several legal issues. First, it increases the probability of accidents which in turn leads to greater liability (to state and government) and law suits. Second, it raises the issue of harassment (to trouble, worry, or torment) because some drivers who are being tailgated may experience fear and anxiety. Lastly, tailgating infringes upon one's privacy because some drivers may feel as if their personal space have been invaded and/or violated. Perhaps if tailgating is considered, treated, and enforced as a serious offense, then maybe our roads would be safer and driving a pleasant, peaceful activity.

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Moral Implications of Tailgating
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Morally, I feel that tailgating is wrong. First, it is disrespectful and discourteous to the drivers being tailgated because it is an invasion of his/her personal space and privacy. It may also elicit fear, anxiety, and tension in the driver. Second, it creates an element of fear and danger because it doesn't allow the appropriate stopping distance between cars which increase the likelihood of accidents. Also the fear and tension experienced by the driver being tailgated may heighten his/her vulnerability to stress and distraction, impairing his/her judgment, and again increase the likelihood of accidents. Third, tailgating in any shape or form is an act of aggression with the malicious intent to hurt and demean the character of the driver being tailgated. Thus, nothing good comes out of tailgating and regardless of intent, the act is still unjustified. And although in some situations tailgating may be an unconscious act, we as individuals are responsible for all our actions and should always be prepared to face the consequences.

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Spiritual Implications of Tailgating
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I'm not exactly sure what Dr. James means by "spiritual" implications. But, if consistent with his concept of heaven and hell, I guess that since I stated that tailgating is morally wrong, those who tailgate will end up going to hell!?

However, there is redemption: if one acknowledges the negative, harmful implications of tailgating, and assuming that he/she once engaged in this act reforms his/her driving behaviors, that person will be enlightened and well on their way into a life of eternal bliss in heaven.

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Homework Week 13


Description of Generational Paper 3
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The report I read an annotated bibliography entitled "My Personality in Traffic: Drive a Car or Ride in a Bus" (the contents of the report, by the way, had nothing to do with the title). Basically, the narrator briefly summarized several research studies which were carried out relating to different aspects of traffic psychology. Majority of his summaries though, only stated the theories and assumptions of what the research studies were based on. Thus there wasn't too much information regarding the studies' findings and implications. The narrator also didn't discuss his thoughts and reactions to the studies he read so there wasn't too much personal feedback.

The narrator first started off by discussing the concept of risk as a decision theoretic approach in traffic safety and he just basically defined risk as an expected loss connected with the decisions taken by individual road users. He ended this section by saying that we all need to make good and safe decisions in the few seconds when we are faced with risks.

He then stated how the use of seat belts related to social and personal situations. However, he didn't discuss how they were related to one another nor the importance of this particular research study. He also stated how poor visibility causes road accidents and stressed the importance of having your eyes examined regularly if you drive.

His next topic discussed the influence of driving skill and driving style to crash risk. Driving skill was defined as how fast one is able to detect traffic hazards, the ability to detect visual targets, and the ability to switch attention rapidly. Driving style was defined as driving speed and deviant driving (although deviant behavior was not thoroughly defined). It was stated that if you lack driving skill and possess a poor driving style your incident of crash risk would be relatively high.

Next the narrator discussed the correlation between bright color cars and speeding tickets. In the research study it was found that this concept was not true. It was concluded that red, grey, and brown cars were more likely to receive speeding tickets than other colored cars. The confounding variables in this study may have included the following; 1) the officers' perception of speed and the decision to either provide a warning or issue a ticket; 2) the amount of cars that (of specific colors) that were traveling on the road during the duration of the study; and 3) individuals who are inclined to speed may choose different car colors than those less likely to speed.

The narrator concluded his report by discussing the culture of driving. Drivers were stated to be influenced by the collective behavior of other drivers. This phenomena could be attributed to two factors: 1) drivers are sensitive to their driving culture and thus emulate it; and 2) a shift in behavior of just a few may snowball into a larger effect resulting in a changed traffic environment and modified culture of driving. It was also stated how it would be beneficial to draw upon the different disciplines, other than psychology, to help us to better understand the traffic behavior model.

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Reaction and Learning Experience 3
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The topics the narrator discussed were important issues relating to traffic psychology in that they addressed questions relating to traffic behavior and traffic safety. However, the one central theme connecting all his topics was the prevention and hopeful decrease of auto accidents. The narrator brought up viable points which we should be wary of when driving. For example, he discussed the concept of risk and acknowledged that it's essential that we, at all times, be alert and attentive when driving. Perhaps this way we will be better prepared to handle unforeseen situation and lessen the chances of getting into an accident. He also discussed the concept and distinction between driving skill and style which are two aspects of driving which greatly influences one's driving capabilities and accident risk. The narrator also touched upon the use of seat belts, eye-road visibility, and our current driving culture which could be defined as the modeling effect which occurs between drivers. I think that it's important for drivers to become aware of their driving habits and take responsibility for their actions. Once we become respectful to ourselves and other drivers, maybe then can we start creating a better, safer environment on the road.

Overall, the report was okay and brought up important issues. However, I think that the report would have been more effective if the narrator spent less time describing how he found each of his topic and more time discussing the findings and implications of the research studies he reviewed. I think that this would have made his report richer and it would have had a more profound affect on me. It would also have been more interesting if he related some of these issues to his personal driving experiences. As I mentioned before, the issues discussed were important aspects of traffic psychology. However, I feel that the narrator and I learned more about how to probe PSYlit via the CDROM and the UHCARL via the computer terminals at the libraries rather than gain substantial traffic related information.

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Homework Week 14


My Annotated Bibliography
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To find my bibliography entries I used the Webcrawler in WWW and Veronica in Gopher. Since I used the Webcrawler before (see week 6) looking for topics utilizing this program was safe, easy, and simple. Veronica was also relatively easy to use and I was amazed at the lengthy lists it would give me for each of my key word entries. Also, the links were comprised not only of "informational" documents but personal accounts/stories written by other net users. The most frustrating experience working with the Webcrawler and Veronica was that a lot of the links were either under construction or unable to access.

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CityTrans Asia 1995
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CityTrans Asia 1995 is a conference aimed at discussing plans and developments regarding public transportation for economically expanding Asian cities where 1) experts are invited to lecture on such topics and 2) exhibitions showcase the latest equipment and technical devices involved in mass transit. The goal of the conference is to find "future solutions to reduce traffic congestion" and "how planners can design pleasant environments to alleviate urban congestion."

I chose this link because I like the concept that their goal is based on. If traffic developers truly took into consideration these points, driving would certainly be a much more pleasant, worthwhile experience.

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Car Safety
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Good Year--Tire School is basically an overview of the importance of maintaining good tire conditions. It reviews the different aspects of tires as well as how to purchase one. The Webfoot's Used Carlot provides buying and selling information as well as general information and accessory items on autos, trucks, motorcycles, bicycles, boats, and aircrafts. It also offers information regarding the operations and maintenance of the vehicles mentioned which covers everything form engines and transmissions to fluid and tires.

I choose these links because part of being a good driver requires good safety habits such as maintaining the condition of one's car. It's important to maintenance one's car because it will prevent the element of unnecessary risk and protect the well-beings of all drivers.

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Intl Motor Vehicle Program at MIT
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Intl Motor Vehicle Program at MIT is a research study being carried out at MIT which examines the automobile industry. I choose this link because it touches upon a different aspect of traffic related issues which we haven't explored in class. The study seems interesting and everyone should take a look at it.

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Car Audio
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As discussed in class music has become an important aspect in our driving persona. So I thought that this document would be great for all car lovers to take a look at...it covers everything and anything you ever wanted or needed to know about car audio equipment and its know-hows...questions?, how do I?, where?...look up rec.audio.car faq and rest assure! And speaking of "sounds" in the car, for all you morning traffic goers, tune into the Mark and Brian morning talk show and make your rush hour traffic hour a more pleasant, worthwhile, and hilarious experience!

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My Other Traffic Related Links
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The first link is a personal account of the cons of owning and riding a bicycle as opposed to a car. A very insightful piece from the perspective of an avid bicyclist. I choose this link because some car drivers and bicyclists seem to have a love-hate relationship with one another--they both wouldn't mind riding either vehicle, but they wouldn't want to be riding along together. Maybe this link will shed some light on some car drivers and help them relate better to bicyclists.

The next link is exactly what the title suggests--the speed trap registry (very inviting isn't it?). Maybe some of us could link up to The Speed Trap Registry and contribute our own personal antidotes and accounts on this racing issue.

Next is The Humor Archive which is filled with many hilarious links. Considering the nature of our course, traffic psychology, I think that everyone will enjoy it's sub-links to accidental accident report and car acronym.

And finally, as the semester comes to an end, there's no doubt that some of us are suffering (physically) from endless hours of sitting in front of the computer surfing the net. Click on to Aches and Pain and take a look at two nifty therapeutic devices...the portable masseuse and the shiatsu massage chair.

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Homework Week 15


Our Web Pages
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It's evident how all of us put in a lot of time, energy, and effort into creating our cyberspace corner. Everyone's web pages are artistic and creative in their own unique way and they collectively express the individuality in each of us. So it would be difficult to actually "compare" pages. Personally, I'm content with the format and design of each of my html files. I worked very hard in this class and somehow all the free time I had set aside for peace and relaxation was monopolized with he fascination and soon addiction with working to improve my files on the net (never thought I would become a "net-potato"). Although it took a lot of time, patience, and experimenting--not to mention white hairs, backaches,a nd eye strains--I feel that it was all worth it. If it weren't for this class I would still be stuck in the middle ages unaware of the vastness of the Internet and its technology. And to actually be a part of the WWW network is a worthwhile experience in itself. A note for future generations would be to take every advantage and opportunity to gain the experience and knowledge of working in the Internet. It can be a very exciting and fun activity if you want it to be.

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Working in WWW
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At the very beginning this class caused me more stress and anxiety than my past four years here at UH! Getting logged in was a hassle. Learning to execute the various commands and functions to accomplish certain tasks seems far-fetched if not impossible. And I had many problems with my getting my inks to work. So its not surprising that the first couple weeks of school had me in tears. But slowly, I began to get the hang of things. Soon creating documents, links and anchors, formatting them, and navigating around didn't seem as difficult as I initially thought--now it's pretty easy and fun.

As I sit here typing my last entry many emotions are stirring inside of me. I'm happy and glad that Dr. James introduced us to the Internet. I'm proud of what I've accomplished in just a short period of time. I'm amazed at how far I've come and how much I'm still learning. I'm relieved that this is our last homework assignment. I'm sad that our class is coming to as end. And last but not least, I'm looking forward to revisiting in the months and years to come. Looking back, this class was a wonderful learning and growing experience and I'm glad I decided to stick it out. If I were to go back and do anything different, I don't think I would change a thing.

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A Word for Dr. James
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I have to commend Dr. James for his devotion and determination in building a "generational cyberspace superdocument!" It's nice to see a person who's truly motivated and hyped, accomplish his goals with such strength and enthusiasm. Just listening to Dr. James speak about the Internet with wonder, fascination, and passion is inspirational...more power to you Dr. James!!!

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The Future of our Files
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I think that our files should be kept in WWW for future reference and for generations to come. I don't really intend to "erase" my files after all the time and energy I devoted to creating and personalizing my files. Hopefully, although I graduate, I'll have to opportunity to revisit my files and continue making improvements. Also, it would be interesting to look at what the future generations will be doing and what new concepts will be incorporated. I suspect that by then, Dr. James' cyberspace corner will definitely be a superdocument with zillions of interconnecting links.

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Suggestions and Changes for Next Semester
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Internet wise, after this semester Dr. James should be able to work through the quirks and create more effective, innovated means to enhance to productivity of files. One of the main concerns was brought up by Diane Beauchemin who suggested creating separate files for each week's entry. This way files would be less "messy," simpler to navigate, and a lot easier to print. I also think it would be beneficial and more productive if during the first several weeks of class, workshops be conducted in how to create html files, links, anchors, and icons, how to perform commands in emacs/pico, and step-by-step, hands on experience on how to do file transfers. This would alleviate unnecessary stress and anxiety.

Class wise, the focus should be a more in depth analysis of traffic psychology and its documented/proposed theories. I feel there should have been less concentration on the generational papers. Not that they weren't interesting or relevant, but it would have been a nice change of pace if we participated ion a variation of class activity other than giving oral reports (which were more or less on the same topics) each and every week.

Our weekly homework assignments were more than enough, and on certain weeks the course load was overwhelming (e.g. week 7, 9, 14). Dr. James' concept of setting up the email command within each entry to provide comments and feedback is an excellent idea. It would have been beneficial this semester because it would have given us an idea of our progress through out the semester. One thing I would consider changing would be the order of certain homework assignments. Students should create their topical index from the beginning of the semester instead of waiting till week 10. They should also be aware of the concept of connecting anchors within their own labreports and glossary by links as weeks progress instead of being assigned to do so in week 11. This would save students time and make things easier for them.

As far as new awards, there's always room for more. Maybe, to make thins "fair", an award could be created specifically for each person to acknowledge their special talent. (I was looking at the awards section and I noticed that not everyone's name is mentioned).

Overall, I enjoyed this class and I know that future generations will too!

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My Comments on Other Students' Lab Reports


This class is proving to be a great challenge. Not only educationally but also personally. Within the past month, I have learned how to be more patient and tolerant of learning new concepts and looking at things from a different perspective. I have also learned the true meaning of the cliche, "if at first you don't succeed, try and try again."

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Comments Week 5, My First 3 Links


Yoshimitsu 1
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I feel exactly how Nicole Yoshimitsu feels in regards to our Internet assignments Week 3. It is much easier said than done! When Dr. James goes over the different procedures and commands in class, he makes it seem relatively easy and quite simple. So much so that I'll think to myself, "duck-soup." But when I actually perform the numerous commands and functions, things don't always go as smoothly as anticipated and I then find myself in cyber-limbo. I also run into problems working in emacs where I'll be typing and the cursor automatically stops for no reason. I'll press on keys, any keys, but nothing happens, so I'm forced to hang up and dial in again. I hate doing this because it takes such a loooong time to get back into the system. This has got to be the most frustrating and stressing experience of all! #%$@*?! Does anyone know why the computer does this?

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Akagi 1
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I enjoyed reading Shane Akagi's analogy Report 1C of describing his Internet experiences as traveling through hills and valleys. I think everyone can relate to this concept. Learning this new phenomena, we are bound to have our shares of ups :) and downs :(. We are also entitled to our joys of triumphs (top of hill) and as expected, our encounters with defeat and challenge (valley). Right now I find myself slowly climbing a hill in my quest of creating links to other students' labreports (is it working peoples??!). Very soon, I hope to stand upon the top of my hill, reflecting on my past accomplishments and awaiting my next cyber climbing adventure.

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Ota 1
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See How Do I Rate? and My Mini Self Modification Experiment

Isn't it funny how people are capable of transforming into Mr. Hyde just by stepping foot behind the wheel of a car? Like Michelle Ota, see change personality I'm normally a quiet, reserved and patient person. But put me behind the wheel in traffic or when a car "crosses" my path, and I become a whole new person. A demon capable of the nastiest curses and foul language. My patience is intolerable and my normal calm and collective perspective is distorted beyond comprehension and control. My sisters are always commenting on my Dr. Hyde transformation and have formed private jokes by comparing me to the girl in the movie "Exorcist." So much for having everyone think of me as "sweet and innocent." Hopefully, through the course of the semester, I'll be able to keep my identity as Dr. Jeckyll IN and out of the car...:)

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Comments Week 6, My Next 3 Links


Matsuyoshi 1
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I agree with Kendall Matsuyoshi on how a car is a symbol of personal freedom Freedom. I didn't realize how true this was until about 2 years ago. I lived in Mililani and the commuting back and forth from home to UH was beginning to be a drag - it was coming to a point where I HATED driving - it was such a chore. So I dormed for a semester. At first it was heaven. No more waking up at 4:30 am to beat the rush hour traffic and no more eye-blinding experiences driving home towards Ewa in bumper to bumper traffic. But I soon found myself "stranded" on campus. I was in a position where I couldn't pick up and go wherever or whenever I wanted...I was a prisoner of my own ward and I hated not having my car. Well, to cut a long story short, as much as I loved the leisure life of dorming I went back to living at home and continued my daily routine of commuting back and forth. Although the thought of driving in traffic didn't thrill me to death, the trade off of having my car at my disposal...my personal avenue of freedom...was more than I could ask for...weird thing is though, I don't think that I drove all that much more.

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Balatico 1
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See How Do I Rate and My Mini Self Modification Experiment

Caroline Balatico states that a driver's emotional state greatly influences their driving performance Emotional State and this people, can't be further from the truth! I've definitely noticed that my driving persona changes with my mood. When I'm in a good mood (e.g. great day at work, aced an exam, or just plain happy) I'll cruise along with the flow of traffic, content myself with staying in the middle lane all the way home, and I'll be more than willing to let a few cars in and out of my lane. Basically, the happy go lucky driver. But when I'm in a bad mood - boy watch out! On occasion cars will do something to upset me or my mom, who is a classic back seat driver (without a license no less), will get on my case about something as minor as stopping after the stop line. Sad to say, but these sort of things really work me up and the only way to release the tension building up in me is to DRIVE it out. This includes the reckless and aggressive driving of speeding, weaving in and out of traffic, cutting people off and blocking cars in their lanes. The most dangerous stunt I pull off when I'm in this mood is not allowing myself the time or space to complete turns (especially left turns) with oncoming traffic blazing in my direction. Not only does this get my adrenaline going and release my tension, but it also `quiets' my mom (for the time being anyways). YES, I'm fully aware of how stupid and immature my actions are and YES, I am working very hard to control my driving temper (especially when my mom is with me)...but goosh, it can be soo hard!

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Noguchi 1
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I agree with Rayson Noguchi that overly cautious drivers, especially those who are hesitant to merge into traffic, are in a position where an accident is likely to occur Overly Cautious Drivers. But I think that there's another point to consider...why are these drivers so hesitant/cautious to merge into the mainstream of traffic? I don't think that it's due to lack of driving experiences and/or skills but rather, a sense of learned helplessness. There are many unkind drivers who don't follow the merging etiquette of letting every other car into the mainstream of traffic. There are those who, although there's enough room for a car to merge, speed up, cut cars off and practically run them off the road. (I've actually seen this happen many times, more so where the cars from Waialae and University merge onto the H1). Then there're fellow mergers who cut off the mergers in front of them, just so that they're ONE car ahead. So its no wonder why some people may be hesitant and too cautious for their own good. Merging is an art of driving that everyone need to master and until both the mergers and mergees pay more respect and attention to one another nothing, in short of improving traffic conditions and perhaps decreasing auto accidents, will change.

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Comments Week 7, 6 New Hot Links for Psy 459


Takitani 1
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I agree with Todd Takitani 100%! Michelle Ota is definitely THE pioneer of grasping the Internet in our class. She is the main reason why I decided to "stick it out" in psy 459. She is my role model and inspiration. From knowing absolutely nothing about this grand computer phenomena, see Ota's labreport, Michelle has mastered the technique of cruising our information highway as well as the intricate art of creating links and anchors. Her detailed and meticulously documented files are exquisite and beyond perfection. If it weren't for her beautifully done files, I still wouldn't know a link from an anchor, yet alone have been able to create my own homepage and lab files. Michelle has greatly helped me progress through this course and as Todd stated, Michelle has "really proved to much of the class that the Internet (and in particular, Emacs and Pico) weren't beyond our comprehension." Thank you Michelle!

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Matsuyoshi 2
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In his labreport Kendall Matsuyoshi talks about two concepts; pedestrian traffic and speed. Isn't it neat how the rules of the road carry over to the do's and don'ts of pedestrian traffic? People maneuver themselves along the sidewalks and walkways much like they would if they were in their cars; along the right side of the road. This unconscious stream of walking has become so second natured that to have someone walk against the flow of traffic is both bothersome and destructive to the orderly flow of traffic. Another way people travel like cars is that they all progress with different speeds. Some zoom by everyone leaving them in the dust. Others walk at an average pace which maintains a constant and consistent flow. And then there are those who walk at a rate which slows down the traffic which either causes others to overtake them or remain blocked in behind them.

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Other Drivers
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Terri Slaughter commented how we, in respect to driving, care more about how other people think and feel as opposed to the feelings of the person sitting next to us. This is interesting because I often find myself in this position when driving. The most prominent act I tend to engage in (in consideration of other drivers) is speeding. I speed to keep up with the flow of traffic. I increase my speed when cars in back of me look as if they're in a rush and I also speed across intersections so that oncoming cars can make their appropriate left turns. My mother often questions why I speed in these situations. The only response I'm able to conclude is that it would be rude (to the other drivers) not to.

The irony to this is hilarious. Your classic case of role-reversal. My youngest sister recently obtained her driving permit and I often take her driving around our neighborhood. In preparing her for her driving exam, I pay close attention to her driving form, the rules and regs of the road and especially to the speed limit. This means NO speeding! However, my sister doesn't take to kindly to this. She gets impatient and agitated. Not so much because we're going "slow" but because she's concerned and worried about what the cars in back of her are thinking. This is where I agree with Jo Allen that some people may (un)consciously do things, at the expense of their loved ones, to maintain their egos and images, see topic #3. Self-presentation is a very powerful motivator and all people do their best to present themselves favorably, even more so when amongst strangers and people they've never met before. However, in response to my sister's reaction of having to maintain the speed limit I always reply, "who cares about what the cars in back of you are thinking? All that matters is you and the welfare of your passengers! From this class discussion, I was painfully reminded of my hypocrisy and how I should be follow the golden rule of practicing what you preach!

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Comments Week 7, Instructor's Article
See Homework Week 7
Grading
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Dr. James writes in his self-witnessing section that "grading did not take into account content of the self-reports but only the form; namely, how extensively did the student carry out the instructions. There was a high correlation between grade and physical appearance of the report: its size, its formatting, its appendix printouts; and this in turn was highly correlated with how many hours were spent on the Internet, exploring and keeping track of the explorations and their affective and cognitive context." I was wondering, since we are not following the lab assignments from our original psy 459 syllabus, how will our homework be graded and how is the scale of points distributed in relation to our total/final grade? On what basis will our points be awarded: content, physical appearance, or the combination of everything mentioned above? I never really gave any thought to our grading system until I read this section in the instructor's article. Now I have as idea of some of Dr. James' expectations and goals for psy 459, all I need now is confirmation and reassurance that I'm on the right track.

In regards to the high correlation between physical appearance and hours spent on the Internet, I find this true. My session on the Internet has become longer and longer as I feel more comfortable executing different commands and functions. I'm always revising the format of my files and exploring other students' resource pages. The only thin that I'm deathly afraid of is "accidently" erasing my files while exploring a new function. This is the most pit of the stomach and hold your breath experience ever!

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Focusing ?
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Dr. James has cleverly and artistically created a sure way to help his students accomplish and overcome the first level of learning the Internet which is simply, the ability to focus, see conclusions for a description of level 1: focus. In the past Dr. James has assigned weekly homework in lynx and thus "focus was achieved by necessity: time pressure created a stronger motive that overcame aversion and brought the motivation for accuracy and persistence, without which the assignment had to fail," see focus. This is the same method which Dr. James is employing with our class and I have to admit, it works marvelously! Each week we are given assignments dealing with different aspects of the Internet. Assignments which we have to complete. And although the assignments are varied and some, deemed time-consuming and irrelevant to traffic psy, they are all connected to one another and work together in some "mysterious" way. The knowledge we gained in the weeks before are not easily forgotten but rather incorporated into new functions and commands. It's so exciting to sit at my computer and have the "world at my fingertips!"

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Leap From Level 1 to Level 2
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Level 1: focus is considered the "initial learning phase" of learning the Internet where "accuracy and persistency at sub-tasks" are emphasized, see conclusions. Level 2: engagement is described as the "immediate level" where people have the "confidence to explore and desire for mastering the Internet sub-task," and "hands on interaction and accumulation of logged on hours." I believe that I am sort of in between these two levels in a sense that I am focused and willing to go on to try new things, but sometimes I find myself hesitant to explore new territories. Although I spend a considerable amount of time on the Internet, its amazing how much time I can spend exploring the same "facets" over and over again. I think I need more time to build up my courage to go exploring on my own - without anyone there to hold my hand. The Internet is a fascinating phenomena and I find that the more I work on it, the more addictive it becomes! I spend most of my time free time on the Internet (when I can log in) and its coming to a point where my boyfriend is becoming jealous of the computer. It's a good thing though...I introduced the Internet to him and he finds it equally as fascinating and now he's getting "hooked" on it too. He's even considering exploring further, the theoretical concept of cyberspace communication when he continues his education in grad school (speech department)...He's so excited...

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Comments Week 8, 6 Links to Psy 409


Alamares 1
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Just like Carol Alamares, when I first accessed lynx I "went wild surfing the net," see navigation 1, and looked up everything I could. Initially, I was filled with excitement and accomplishment (I was having trouble with my links see my syllabus experience. But YEP!--that was soon replaced by awe and information shock. However, now that I'm more familiar with the net, I feel a lot more comfortable navigating around and about and often times I actually catch my fingers doing the "walking" for me.

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Diaz 1
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Isn't it neat how people can finger and talk to each other while working on the computer? My computer whiz friend :) introduced me to this concept of fingering. He also told me that the command "mesg -n" will prevent people from "talking/writing" to you when you're working on something and don't want to be bothered or interrupted. The command to cancel "mesg -n" is "mesg -y." Happy communicatings...:)

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Timing
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See Noguchi 2

I agree with Allison Asahina that hour long sessions on the computer are not sufficient to complete all that we need to, see problems. Like Allison, my average session on the computer runs between 3-6 hours at one sitting. During the week I spend most of my free time at Keller or Porteus and during the weekend (Fridays p.m., Saturdays and Sundays all day) I'm a permanent fixture in front of my computer (this class is really beginning to affect my social life :( )!

In response to Rebecca Ross' concern about our 90 minute time limit--this is a very short time limit, yeh. So far what I've been doing is hanging up right before my time is up and dialing in again. I haven't had any run-ins with a higher power so I don't see anything wrong in doing this...yet. The only downfall is the time spent waiting to get logged back in. Also, one thing that helps me utilize each valuable minute on the net is "planning" beforehand what I'm going to do.

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Noguchi 2
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I can relate to Rayson Noguchi's modem incident. After our first class meeting I made up my mind to purchase a modem for my home computer. After all, what could be more convenient than working in the comfort of my home, at my leisure? NOT!! Buying and installing the modem was the easy part. Little did I know about all the potholes I would encounter along my way to cruising the information highway...busy signals up the ying-yang, odd log in hours, commands and functions that works for everyone else but me, and as Rayson Noguchi plainly puts--"hours of stress!" Ugh! Thank goodness things are getting easier as the semester progresses. Also, things are a lot smoother now that I've worked out a schedule of when and where I can work on the computer, see timing.

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Ross 1
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I think EVERYONE can relate to Rebecca Ross' frustrating experiences with e-macs! It's extremely difficult to remember that working in e-macs is totally different than working with a regular word processing program. #%*?! UGH! *%&#@! I always kept on forgetting that I couldn't backspace what I typed without the emacs help popping on the screen. I even got kicked out of emacs once or twice because of this. But now that I'm used to the different commands and aware of emacs's little quirks, it's a lot easier to work with.

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