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Internet Literacy Exercises
for G11 Spring 1999
Psych WI/409a,b and WI/459
Dr. Leon James

NOTE:  Always bring 2 disquettes with you to the lab--very important if you're going to do your work successfully!

Part 1
Pine & Pico

Part 2
Signature File

Part 3
Export a File

Part 4
Class Mailing List and Discussions

Part 5
Mailing Intro to Class

Part 6
UNIX Commands

Part 7
Download and Upload

Part 8
Create Your Files

Part 9
Using Web Bookmarks

Part 10
Generational Curriculum

Part 11

Parts 12, 13, and 14

Due dates for all Parts and Reports are also summarized here

Dr. Leon James
Professor of Psychology
University of Hawaii
Spring Semester, 1999 || Syllabi Here
uh90.gif (1588 bytes)

Important Note: Part 4--Forum Discussions--must start in the first week of classes.  If you miss the first week, double your posted messages to 6 for the second week.

Part 1:
Pine and Pico

(or substitutes)

Due date for Parts 1, 2, and 3

5 PM Friday, January 22
Note:  Students who are not using UHUNIX and Pine, may substitute the equivalent activities for Parts 1, 2, and 3, using their own software system.  After completing the substitute activities, please fill out the Ratings for Parts 1, 2, 3 below.

(1) After logging on to uhunix, type "pine" at the prompt (Note: for commands, never type the quotation marks).

(2) Read the instructions on how to use Pine E-Mail, especially these parts that you'll have to do:

(3)Make a summary note card or sheet for yourself about the Pine/Pico editor commands you'll be needing to use Pine (e.g., how to save, how to delete, how to find something, etc.). Review these commands every day and have the note card with you during all computer sessions. Even if you have been using email, you need to review these instructions again.

Part 2:
.signature File

Create a .signature file for your Pine e-mail as follows:

(a) At the uhunix prompt, type the command: "pico .signature" You'll be given an editor window. Type in whatever you want that should automatically show at the bottom of all your e-mail messages (usually your first and last name and a logo line or drawing, and/or your favorite quotation. Take a look at other people's signature marks at the bottom of their email messages. Right now, just type something approximate, it doesn't really matter what because you can  change it at any time.  So for now, type whatever, and save it with "control-x" and then just type return when it shows the correct file name which should be .signature.

After creating it, try out each of these three commands at the UNIX prompt:

"dir" , "ls", and "ls -al" (that's ls space hyphen al)

and you'll notice each gives sligtly different information about your files. Remember them!  Write them on your note card or sheet.

Note: You can change or edit your .signature file any time with the command: "pico .signature" which you type at the unix prompt (that's pico space .signature)

(b) Go back into Pine and send yourself a message (type: "c" for compose a message). You'll see the contents of your .signature file automatically placed at the bottom of all your messages in Pine. Go back to unix, and edit your .signature file, then come back to Pine, give the compose command, and see if you're satisfied with how it looks.

Part 3:
Exporting a File

(1) While in Pine, give the compose command ("c") and type in the title of your favorite song or movie. Type in your address at the "To" line-- i.e., your login name, then hit return--Pine will type in your full name automatically and does this for all holders of UNIX accounts at UH.

(2) When you receive it (a few minutes later), look at it, then export it to your UNIX home directory (i.e.,: while your message is on the screen, type "e" for the export command, and type in its new file name which should be "movie1" and save it.

(3) Now exit Pine. At the unix prompt, type "dir" (for directory) or "ls" (for list) -- try both to see the differences.

(4) You'll see the name of the movie1 file that you just exported. Now give the command "pico movie1" and you'll see the contents of the file you e-mailed to yourself and then exported. Now you can do anything with it. Type in another favorite song or movie. Now exit save (type "control x"). Now type "dir" again at the unix prompt, and you'll see the movie1 file is still there. It won't go away until you delete the file.

Note: Get into the habit of typing "dir" each time you get to the UNIX prompt (e.g., when you change dir, create a file, or start something new.

When you complete Parts 1, 2, and 3,
you need to fill out the ratings for them
so click here.

Part 4:
Class Mailing List and Discussions

Due date for Parts 4, 5, and 6

5 PM Friday, January 29

Note: Part 4 Forum Discussions must start in the first week of classes.   If you miss the first week, double your posted messages to 6 for the second week.

Introduction: the class e-mail list is for asking questions or socializing or sharing some find, whatever, and participation is not required.  The class weekly Forum Discussions are required and they take place at the address specified below where you need to register then log in.


Note: Students who are ot using uhunix will have to consult their own software system to figure out how to create a class list.

Create a class list so you can send e-mail to all G11 students in your course and Dr. James simultaneously.

(1) In Pine, type "m" (for main screen), then "a" (for address book) then "a" (for add).

(2) You get a screen where you can type in each class member's e-mail name separated by commas (you get everybody's e-mail names in class).

(3) Now type in Dr. James' e-mail name, which is "leon".

(4) Now type in your own e-mail name (same as your login name).

(5) Note well: Now it asks you for the Fullname. You must enter the course number for the   Fullname slot as follows:  "Psych 409a/G11" or "Psych 409b/G11" or "Psych 459/G11"), so that we all can identify the class you are in.  If you don't do this, there'll be a penalty for you in points!! Your class number must appear on the List's Fullname or else it will lead to confusion--you can understand that, right? So do it now and it will be done.

(6) Now it asks you for the Nickname of the group so type either 409a or 409b or 459 (no extra words, just the number and letter). This is what you type in the To: line in Pine when you send something to the entire class--and Pine will automatically print all the names.  Handy, yeah?

(7) Now save-exit ("control-x").

(8) Now compose a message in Pine and address it the nickname you specified (409a, 409b, or 459), and after pressing return, you'll notice Pine types out automatically all the names under your group nickname. Now Cancel ("control-c") since you don't need to send it to the class. You'll be sending messages to the class later.

(9) You'll need to add and delete names on this class list, especially during the first few days until the class settles. To make these changes (announced in class or on email), go back to Address Book and follow instructions for "v" (to View your list) and edit it. Try it now.  Add your name twice to it, check it out, then delete it again.

(10) Check point number (5) above again: you don't want to incur a penalty!! If your course number is missing, it creates problems for Dr. James in keeping track of all activities!!

Class Weekly Forum Discussions:

(11) The class list will be used whenever you want to send something to the whole class.  However for the required Forum Discussions every week, you need to use your Web Browser (Netscape or Internet Explorer).  First you need to go to the login Page at this address (for now you can click it, but be sure you make a bookmark for it or write it down in your notes until you know how to make a bookmark.  You can also come back here to get to there, of course):  kalama.doe.hawaii.edu/webx/

Once you're there for the first time, click on Register and follow the instructions. After the first time, you'll click Login to get in. Once you're in, click on UH Courses, then click on  Spring 1999 folder then your course numberYou will notice the various Topics.  Click on them to read the student discussions from last semester G10.  They had the same textbooks and similar class topics.  This is where you'll be adding your 3 minimum messages per week.  Just continue where the others have left off--be sure to read all the messages first.

(12) You'll see that the discussions are organized by topics.  You click on any topic and you'll see the notes students have written for that topic. You can then add your note.  Please follow these rules:

Part 5:
Mailing Personal Intro to Class

Click here to fill out the Form then come back here to continue with Part 6.

Part 6:
UNIX Commands

Note:  Students who are not using uhunix and Pine need to practice saving files and making directories in their own system.  If this is not possible, do something equivalent and then explain in the Ratings below what it was.

(1) At the uhunix prompt type "dir" (or "ls") and look at your file listing. Now create a new file called "practice1" by typing "pico practice1"). Note: File names on unix cannot have a space within them. So practice1 as a file name is without a space.

(2) type the sentence "This is practice1 file." Save-exit ("control x").

(3) type "dir" (or "ls") and you can see the new file you just created.

(4) repeat steps 1 to 3 by creating another file called "practice2"

(5) at the uhunix prompt, now type "mkdir practice" . When you hit return, unix creates a new directory. Give the "dir" command and you'll see it. Note that directories or sub-directories look different from files. You can't see the files in a sub-directory until you give the "cd" command (meaning: change directory). In this case, type "cd practice" and press return. Now give the "dir" command--it should be empty because you haven't placed anything in the practice directory. Note that the uhunix prompt tells you which sub-directory you're in. Now type "cd" to get back to the main directory. Now type "dir" and you'll see the two files practice1 and practice2 are still there of course.

(6) Now move the two files practice1 and practice2 into the new directory you created and called practice. Give the command "mv practice1 practice2 practice" (that is: mv space practice1 space practice2 space practice -- which means: move file "practice1" and file "practice2" into the directory called "practice"). Unix will move both files for you when you press return.

(7) Now give the "dir" command, and the two files no longer show up in the main directory (since you just moved them). Give the command "cd practice", press return, then the "dir" command. Now you can see the two files since you are in the practice dir. Now give the command cd and press return. This takes you back to the main directory. Give the dir command. This is how you move around between the directories you create.

(8) Let us practice some more. Create a second new directory called "stuff" (see it with "dir"). Now create a file called "dishes.html" and type in the names of three of your favorite dishes to eat. Exit-save (see it with the "dir" command). Now move it into the "stuff" directory ("mv dishes.html stuff"). Now type "cd stuff" to get into the stuff directory. Now give the "dir" command and you'll see the "dishes.html" file there.

(9) Now type "cd" to get back to your main home directory. Type "dir" to see what's there. Now delete the two files called "practice1" and "practice2" in the practice directory by doing this:

Type "cd practice" which takes you to the practice dir, then the "dir" command. Now you see the two files there. Delete them ("rm practice1 practice2"). You'll be asked to confirm deletion of each file. Now give the "dir" command (the two files are gone; the sub-directory is now empty).

Now go back to your home directory ("cd") and give the "dir" command. You see the sub-directory "practice" still there (but you know it's empty). Now give the command "rmdir practice" (meaning: remove or delete the sub-directory "practice"). Now give the dir command and you see that practice is gone.

Note well: The "rmdir" command works only when the sub-directory to be removed is empty!! Remember you have to change into the directory, delete all files, come back, then delete it when empty.

When you complete  Parts 4, 5, and 6,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 7:
Download and Upload

Due date for Parts 7, 8, and 9

5 PM Friday, February 5

(1) Start Notepad (or equivalent) and type the following: (you can do this in your word processor but it could be a little more confusing because of the way it handles Text Only   HTML)

<title>My First Name My Last Name Home Page, Generation 11, Spring 1999, Course Number</title>
<h1 align=center>Welcome to the Home Page of <br> My First Name and Last Name</h1>

<a href="generations.html">My Generations File</a><p>
<a href="newsgroups.html">My Newsgroups File</a><p>
<a href="oral.html">My Oral Presentation File</a><p>
<a href="report1.html">My Report1: (type title of it here)</a><p>
<a href="report2.html">My Report2: (type title of it here)</a><p>
<a href="icons/">Icons Folder</a><p>
<a href="http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy11/g11sthomes409a.html">My Class Home Page</a><p>
<a href="http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/leon.html">Dr. Leon James Home Page</a><p>

<a href="mailto:yourname@yourserver">E-mail button</a>



(2) Now make sure you go over it and that there are no mistakes.  Even an extra space or a quote or comma can make it not work!!

(3) Now Give the Save As...command and save it on your diskette being sure that you name it home.html and not any other variation.  This file will show on your diskette as a Web type file, not as a .txt file (because you gave it an .html extention).  Now this file can be opened with a Web browser and it will show like a regular Web page.  You can go back and open the file in the Notepad and change itl, save it, then click the Reload command in your browser to see the changes you made.   You can do this as many times as you want.  (Hint: do not close applications, but instead just swtich between them without restarting them--much faster).

When you switch to the Web browser  give the Opne File command, then click on Choose File and find it on your diskette in drive A.  Now open the file home.html.

Now you see what it looks like. This is called the minimal Web page. It will remain your Home Page until you know enough HTML to change it and beautify it, and make it reflect your personality and preference.  So, hurry up and start reading your HTML Text today!!  Carry it around with you and look at it from time to time.  Do it!!  This is the kind of Internet skill you'll be able to translate into $$ when you look for a job.  Prior generation students often write to Dr. James thanking him for helping them acquire these skills.  So just follow these instructions and empower yourself for the future!!

(4) Now you're going to publish your minimal Home Page on the Web.  For this you'll need a Web Server address that has made place for you to publish your work.   Such a place has been arranged for you on the College of Social Sciences in Dr. James' directory.  You'll need to use a software called FTP in order to upload (or publish) your files. There are many different FTP applications. Use whatever is in the labs or on your home computer (if you don't have one, get one--many are free--see UH Bookstore or the Help Desk in Keller Hall).

Now start your ftp software and type in the following information in the dialog box you get when you try to open a connection:

Host address:    www.soc.hawaii.edu
ID:                     409as99 or 409bs99 or 459s99
Password:         (get this in your class)

Please do not give out this password or leave it lying around. With this password anyone can delete your files!! Which is another reason why you should have a copy of the latest version of your files on one diskette, PLUS either on your hard drive or on a second diskette. Several students each semester fail to follow this rule and they sometimes have to redo reports. Remember: always keep two back ups of the latest version of your files--this is your responsibility!   Dont' mess with this one....just do it!!

(5) When you're logged in with your ftp software:

(a) using the ftp software menu command, give the Make New Directory command (click on MkDir),   and name the new folder your last name exactly (not your login name which may or may not be the same as your last name; and no initials).   Use your regular last name in lower caps (never upper caps for file names).

(b) Now give the "change directory" command using the ftp software menu command (or double click your folder), and go into your own folder that you just created. It is now empty (but your name MUST show in the window on the ftp software or else something is wrong--redo the process).  Check it now:  is your name showing??

Be sure your name shows in the window (not the course number, not some other student's name). Or else you're uploading to the wrong place!

Remember: this is the folder where you'll be uploading all your reports from your diskette.   Once it's there, you are published on the Web and millions can find your report (be sure to spell check!!).

(c) Always check to see that you're in your own directory (your name MUST show on the ftp software dialog box). Now give the upload command (also called the PUT command; also done through clicking on the arrow pointing right, towards the server). Now select the "home.html" file on your diskette (select it in the left box of your ftp software). When your file uploaded (it only takes one second since it's a small file), give the "show directory" command and you'll see your file there. If not, repeat the process until it's confirmed that your files are there.

Note:  If your software changes your file name while uploading (e.g., from "home.html" to "!home.htm" (for example, as it sometimes does), or else introduces some other sign or letter), it is NECESSARY for you to change its name back, or else the links to you won't work. Just select the file (single click) and give the "rename" file command, and change its name back to home.html  (note: html not htm). Remember:  the file names are not your choice:   they must have the name specified in the instructions!  They are like official addresses in phone books.

Note:  every time you upload to the server (from your diskette), it automatically replaces the older file by the same name.   So you do not need to delete it first!

(6) Now that you have uploaded your Web page, it is published.  Congratulations!! Now take a look what it looks like, the way others around the world can see it.  Open the Web Browser and type in the address of your Class Home Page, which will be one of the following:



Now click on your name, and it should take you to the Home Page you uploaded.   Note the address. Bookmark it. Write it down.  Every time you upload something from your diskette, it will show up on the Web.  If you edit a file on your diskette, then upload it, it will replace the older file.  So that's very convenient to keep things updated with the latest version on your diskette.

Note: if you upload from your home computer, you'll be using your hard drive, rather than your diskette.  But you could use your diskette the same way as in the lab, if you want to.  Make sure you have a backup on a diskette, even if you're working with your hard drive at home.

(7) Now practice the reverse process of downloading (from the CSS server to your diskette). Login to the CSS Server, as before when you uploaded.  

Note:  when you work in the lab, it will disconnect you after 2 minutes.  That's annoying but it's not up to us.  So you'll need to use your ftp software to connect again, as before.

Once connected again, select your "home.html" file on the CSS server and give the download command by selecting the file first in the right hand list (single click), then clicking the arrow pointing left towards the diskette). Choose your diskette as the location (from the left dialog box of your ftp software).  That's it.  Be aware that whenever you download a file from the server to your diskette, it will replace the file on your diskette that has the same name.   In general, you will be doing uploading rather downloading, but you need to be aware of both capabilites.


Be sure you never delete somebody else's file by mistake, so it's imperative you check to see you that you really are in your own sub-directory, not somebody else's (the name shows on top of the ftp dialog box). This is the honor system, hence it calls for extra responsibility for each other. O.K.?  Thanks.

Part 8:
Creating Your Files

(1) Your CSS Web directory must contain the following 6 files (ending in .html), plus the icons sub-directory (where you must place all the graphics files--those that end  in .gif or .jpg):

icons (this is a sub-directory not a file--you must create it by clicking on MkDir while you're inside your directory.  This will create the icons sub-directory inside your own directory.)

You now must create the 6 required files and the one sub-directory that need to be in your CSS Web directory by following these steps:

First, use your ftp software to create a new sub-directory within your own directory, and it should be called "icons". It is required that you put all your future graphics files, or pictures, icons, and images, in this sub-directory.   Once you are in your own directory (check that your name appears in the dialog box),  give the "make directory" command and called icons.  Now you should be able to see your home.html file and your icons sub-directory.  If you aare in the icons sub-directory, give the change directory command to get back up to your own main directory where you upload your text files ending in .html

(2) Now follow these steps:
Open your Notepad, give the Open File command, and select your home.html file on your diskette. Open it.  Now give the Save As...command and call it generations.html. Now you have a generations.html file and it looks the same as your home.html file.   Now change the <title> line to say Generations File instead of Home Page, and everything else remains the same.  Give the Save command.  Be sure you changed the <title> line!!!

(3) Now give the Save As... command and call it newsgroups.html then change the <title> line to say Newsgroups Report instead of Generations File.  Save it.   Now give the Save As...command and do the same for the remaining files.  When you're done, you'll have the 6 required files in your directory, plus the icons sub-directory.  All this is now on your diskette.  Now upload the 6 files to your CSS Web directory, using the FTP software.  Now use your Web Browser to go to your Home Page, and click on the links to make sure they all work.  Here is the address for viewing your own directory:





Hint:  Always click all the links in every file more than once or on one day, to make sure they work.  Congratulations.   You now have all the required files published on the Web.  Hopefully you'll be filling them with interesting text as the semester develops, right?  Of course you will also change the appearance of the files as you learn your HTML--dont' forget to study your HTML textbook every day!!!

Part 9:
Using Web Bookmarks
and Search Engines

(1) After starting your Web browser (Netscape or Internet Explorer), systematically explore all the menu items and try to figure out what each does. Keep a list of items you don't understand and bring to class for discussion. Spend a few minutes just clicking on the menu parts--so you can see all the options.

(2) Spend some time just clicking on links you see on the screen.  You need to practice observing three things:

(a) Get into the habit of observing what the computer is doing by watching the field at the bottom left that tells you what is happening second by second -- when it's looking up an address, when it's dialing the telephone line or "Connecting...", when it's waiting for the request, when it gets in, how long it takes to load, what the address structure is--whether .com or .edu or .org, what location, how large the file is and its individual packets, whether there are backgrounds, etc. You should observe all of these. In other words, be very active in your participation.

(b) Also watch the URL window on top.  Look at the addresses--what they are composed of betrween the slashes (/).

(c) Also watch the title field of each document above the menu line, at the very top.   Notice that the title field is different from the heading field of the Page.

Question:  did you all three tasks above?  (a) and (b) and (c)?  Be sure now!!   You wont' be sorry!!

(d) Get into the habit of copy/pasting Web addresses.  For example, suppose you want to go this address:  www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/leon.html which is Dr. James' Home Page and gateway to all the generations.  To go there, you want to avoid copying the address by hand, then typing it into the Browser Address window.   So simply select the address with your mouse, give the copy command, then click into the Address window.  Notice the current address gets selected.  So anything that you type or paste will replace it.  OK, give the paste command and hit return--then click on the Back button to come back here.  Do it now!

(e) Always remember this trick:  you can browse the directory of files with your Browser so you can see a list of the files.  This is not always possible, but it's owrth a try, just in case.  It works with all the generational files.  Look up in the Address window now--what do you see?  You see this:


Now click in the Address window.  The whole address is selected. Click again: the Address is deselcted.  Now Backspace and erace the address until the second slash--the one after the first leonj, so  it will be:


Then you hit return and you'll see the directory called /leonj/ on the CSS Web server.   You can click on any of them to see all the sub-directories, and sub-sub-directories.  Try dong this to your directory to see if you can see all the files in it.  Do it now, then come back here.

(f) Use the "Add Bookmarks" (or "Add Favorites") command in your Web browser while you are on a Page whose address you want to save. It only takes one second to give the Add Favorites command, and it's well worth it!!  However, this is done differently in Netscape and Internet Explorer.  If you can't figure it out, ask the lab attendant, one of your classmates, or Dr. James.

Question:  did you all three tasks above?  (d) and (e) and (f)?  Be sure now!!   You wont' be sorry!!  Whatever you didn't do, write down.  Whatever you couldn't do, ask someone about it or bring the problem to class.  Don't just give up or forget about it.  Don't.  Please don't.

(3) Go to one of the many search engines (see "Search" Menu). Type in various subjects that interest you as well as the names of places, people, and companies, and see what happens. Each time come back and do it again and again with different search terms, until you get tired. You'll need a minimum of 10 hours of surfing in cyberspace before you begin to understand what's going on. Be sure to try at least 4 or 5 different search engines to see the differences.  Try to remember the names of the search engines.   It's an excellent idea to take a few notes...Save the search engines on your bookmarks file or favorites.

Hint:  Try this:  type in a word or phrase in the URL address window (top left of your browser) and hit return.  What happens?  It acts like a search engine!!

(4) Practice saving a Web Page by mailing it to yourself:
(a) When the document you want is on the browser screen, select the "Mail Page" command (then:  Send Page by Email) and address it to yourself ("anyname@hawaii.edu"). Note:  You might need to set Options for Mail--see lab attendant if you have problems with this.

(b) Go to Pine a few minutes later and see the document you mailed on your screen. You can forward it to classmates and friends (only if you want to), by typing "f" (for forward) when it's on your screen in Pine. Or, if you prefer, you can export it to your directory for later use (type "e" for export and the name of a file to save it in). Or, you can just hit "d" to delete it.

(5) Now practice saving an icon. When you see a picture you'd like to save on your diskette, and you feel that the picture is not copyrighted or proprietary, then place your mouse arrow on it, hold the mouse-click down and choose "Save Picture As...." Give it a name that ends with .gif to show it's an icon and indicate your diskette as the location. Once it's on your diskette, upload the .gif file to your icons sub-directory on the CSS server. Repeat: they must go into your icons sub-directory.

When you complete Parts 7, 8, and 9,
you need to fill out the ratings for it--if you haven't already.
so click here.

Part 10:

Mining The Generational Curriculum

Due date for Part 10

5 PM, Friday Februay 19

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (10),
you need to fill out the ratings for it--if you haven't already
so click here.

Part 11:

My Experience with Newsgroups

Due date for Part 11

5 PM, Friday March 5

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (11),
you need to fill out the ratings for it--if you haven't already
so click here.

Part 12:


Due date for Part 12

5 PM, Monday April 5

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate files listed here.

When you complete this Part (12),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 13:


Due date for Part 13

5 PM, Friday April 23

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate files listed here.

When you complete this Part (13),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 14:


Due date for Part 14

2 weeks after your oral presentation
Send e-mail to Dr. James when done.

The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.

When you complete this Part (14),
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here. (this is the last time).

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