Instructions for
Oral Presentations  409a, 409b, 459
Fall 2004   Generation 21
Dr. Leon James, Instructor
Seminar on Driving Psychology

The link to the Schedule of your Oral Presentations is on the class home page:

You will be required to give three oral presentations, as scheduled on the assigned topics. Your grade will be made up of 40 points for these three presentations, which is 40 percent of your grade.

You will receive by email feedback from the instructor after each presentation. This will include your grade, what you did well, and a critique of what you still need to improve on regarding rapport with the audience, voice quality, and communication aids you might use to get your points across. You will also receive explicit  training in class regarding oral communication concerns and how to give a good oral presentation. Training Methods, Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria are given below.

1) Read through the assigned material for your presentation, take notes, and think about it for a few days. Then discuss the content informally with someone. Explain what the main concepts are. See if you can define them without your notes. Note the reaction, and the comprehension or misunderstanding.

2) Create a new file in your word processor and name it myoral1.htm and save it as a Web Page (not a .doc file!).  Be sure you name it exactly this (no spaces, no upper case letters). Type your Outline in this file. This Outline will also serve for your Handout. Be sure to bring 20 copies with you. Your Handout should give the Web address of your file. You should also include helpful Web links that deal with the topic you're presenting.

Note: Your oral1.htm  file  must be uploaded to your folder on the Web as soon as you uploaded your Home Page and Report 1 (before October 4). Your second oral should have a file called myoral2.htm and myoral3.htm for your third oral presentation.

3) The Outline should have the following title lines:

Outline of My First (Second, Third) Oral Presentation
type a title of your choosing here
This is a presentation of (give the title of the original book, the author, the pages)
By your first and last name or your pseudonym

Instructions for this oral presentation are found at: 

4) Add this required link at the bottom of the Outline.

Your Home Page:

Note: The uploaded Web file of the Outline may contain brief selections from the book (this is optional). As well, you are expected to add links to Web sites of related interest, and any other information (this is required).

Class Handout:

Bring a copy of your Outline to class as a handout for 21 people.

5) For your presentation select 3 concepts or principles from the assigned material -- ideas that you find worthwhile to consider. That's about 3 minutes per concept.

6) First, distribute the handout. Wait till everyone has one.  While the handout is being distributed be sure to switch seats to the front of the room so all students can see your face.

6) Second, introduce yourself by saying, "Hi, my name is First name, Last name, and my presentation today covers pages xx in the book called xx." Be sure to look around the room to everyone while you do this. Be sure to speak with a loud voice that carries to the next room.

7) Third, state what the three concepts on the handout are and define each concept in one brief sentence. Be sure to look at everyone while you do this. Be sure to define all three concepts before you start again with concept 1.

8) Then, start with concept 1:

(i) Explain again what is the concept, idea, or principle. Enlarge upon the definition using your own words--do not quote the original. Do not read your notes. Look up and around and speak spontaneously, as prepared. If you practice and prepare sufficiently, you won't have to read your notes at all.

(ii) Now give your own opinion about this concept. Why did you pick it? Do you agree with it? Look around the room as you say this. When you practice before your presentation, be sure to look around the room as you practice.

(iii) Now give an illustration or specific example of how this idea occurs in your everyday life experience or in society. This is the larger psychological and cultural significance of the concept or principle you are presenting. Do not forget to do this. You need to think about it ahead of time, of course. Use more than one illustration if you can. Be sure to look around the room to everyone while you do this. Keep your voice strong and loud.

(iv) Search on the Web to see what you find about this topic or a related one. Briefly mention what it is. Be sure to put the Web links in your handout. Briefly mention what they are.

9) Now move on to concept 2, then concept 3. Repeat the four sub-steps with each. Monitor your time carefully. You only have 3 minutes per concept. Move quickly from one to the other.

Be sure to keep looking around to people's faces while you talk, not just to one or two faces. It's good to maintain eye contact for a couple of seconds, then move on to the next face. Be sure to speak with a strong or loud voice, addressing yourself to the person furthest in the room.

You can consult your notes as often as you want to, but do not read.

Stay within your time limit of at least 9 minutes and no more than 12 minutes.

Study the Assessment Tools listed below. It lists the criteria by which you will be graded.

10) Practice is key to giving a good presentation.  Do not read your notes--learn them so you can talk while looking at the audience. Look around the class as you talk. Do not talk to the instructor--look at the students and make sure you maintain rapport with the audience. Looking directly at people's faces is very important for rapport. Do not wear a cap with a visor that hides your eyes. Make sure your voice is very loud, louder than normal. This is very important.

11) Make outline notes for yourself, not full sentences, so you will be making up the sentences spontaneously as you talk. This helps you to stay in rapport with the audience. The skills you practice here are the same that will make you successful on your job.

12) When you finish, the instructor will tell the class to ask you 2 or 3 questions. Be sure you maintain a strong voice while you are answering.

13) The instructor will give you feedback at the end of class.

Oral Communication Training Method:

(1) The instructor will model oral communication presentations and point out the various concerns while performing them.

(2) Students will read out loud to the class and receive feedback on voice quality, loudness, and eye contact.

(3) Students will orally summarize the main points of a paragraph that is read out loud.

(4) Students as audience will learn to use the assessment criteria shown below by emailing a feedback message to class  presenters

(5) Students will receive email feedback following each of their three presentations, focusing on the assessment criteria shown below. This will allow them to work on improvements after each presentation.

Oral Communication Learning Outcomes:

Overall Goals

Students should acquire a clear understanding of the basic concepts and practices associated with public speaking and should appreciate the role of public speaking in academic and work settings. Students should be able to deliver speeches in accordance with the principles of effective oral presentation.

Specific Learning Outcomes

Students will be able to practice and achieve at least seven of the following:

  1. Compose and deliver public presentations on assigned topics in a classroom setting

  2. Effectively create, organize, and support ideas in oral presentations

  3. Delivering an oral presentation on an assigned reading task and adding argument support elements (illustrations, Web links, examples)

  4. Creating a Web Page for each oral presentation, including related links

  5. Maintain effective rapport with the classroom audience (eye contact, voice modulation)

  6. Listen to and answer adequately, questions from the audience

  7. Utilize effective delivery techniques when giving an oral presentation

  8. Use visual aids and techniques (handouts, Power Point slides, overhead projector)

  9. Make use of interactive techniques (making audience participation requests)

  10. Remain within the assigned time limits

Oral Communication Assessment Criteria:

  1. Did student prepare a coherent handout, and included some Web links?

  2. Did student follow each step and sub-step of the instructions?

  3. Did student adequately define each of the three concepts using own words?

  4. Did student illustrate each concept with specific examples?

  5. Did student adequately discuss the larger context of each concept (psychological, cultural)?

  6. Did student show evidence of being well prepared and organized?

  7. Did student establish and maintain rapport with the audience from the beginning?

  8. Did student look around the room to all the audience members?

  9. Did student speak spontaneously and avoided reading?

  10. Did student stay within the stated time limits of not less than 9 and not more than 12 mins.?

  11. Did student show appropriate body language and presentation awareness?

  12. Did student listen to questions and respond appropriately?

How to be a good audience member

a) Speak at least once in every class (it's a community responsibility). You can ask a question or make a comment.

b) Look at the speaker and act like an audience (avoid looking down for long periods). This makes a big difference to the speaker. Do not read or write while the presentation is going on! But it's OK to write down questions to ask while you're thinking of it.

c) Give others a chance to speak if you have already spoken more than twice

d) Make comments that address the specific topic of the day in this research seminar. Do not tell stories.

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