Instructions for Oral Presentations
and Printed Outlines

409a, 409b, 459

Spring 2005  Generation 22
Dr. Leon James, Instructor

The link to the Schedule of your Oral Presentations is on the class home page:

You will be required to give 3 oral presentations, as scheduled on the assigned topics.  The format of the presentations is varied and this will be discussed in class. Each oral presentation is worth 10 points -- total 30 points. You are required to hand in a typed one-page Outline of the weekly readings assigned for the oral presentations. Each Outline is worth 1 point and you must hand in a maximum of 10 Outlines, for a total of 10 points. Together, that makes 40 points for the requirements associated with oral presentations.

You will receive by email feedback from the instructor after each presentation. This will include your grade, what you did well, and a critique of what you could improve on regarding rapport with the audience, voice quality, and communication aids you might use to get your points across. You will also receive explicit  training in class regarding oral communication concerns and how to give a good oral presentation. Training Methods, Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria are given below.

1) Read through the assigned material for your presentation, take notes, and think about it for a few days. Then discuss the content informally with someone. Explain what the main concepts are. See if you can define them without your notes. Note the reaction, and the comprehension or misunderstanding.

2) Create a new file in your word processor and name it myoral1.htm and save it as a Web Page (not a .doc file!).  Be sure you name it exactly myoral1.htm   (no spaces, no upper case letters). Type your Outline in this file. This Outline will also serve for your Handout. Be sure to bring 21 copies with you. Your Handout should give the Web address of your file.

You must also include at least three helpful Web links that deal with the topic you're presenting. You find these links by searching on the Web.

Note: Your oral1.htm  file  must be uploaded to your folder on the Web as soon as you uploaded your Home Page and Report 1. Your second oral should have a file called myoral2.htm and myoral3.htm for your third oral presentation. These must each be uploaded one week after your presentation.

3) The Outline must have the following title lines:

Outline of My First [Second, Third] Oral Presentation
type a title of your choosing here
This is a presentation of (give the Author and Title of the article or chapter, the title of the original book, its Editor or Author, publisher, date, and your pages or link)
By (your first and last name or your pseudonym)

Instructions for this oral presentation are found at: 

4) Add this required link at the bottom of the Outline.

Your Home Page:

Note: The uploaded Web file of the Outline may contain brief selections from the assigned pages (this is optional).

As well, you must add at least three links to Web sites of related interest (this is required).

Class Handout:  Bring a copy of your Outline to class as a handout for 21 people.

5) For your presentation select 3 concepts or principles from the assigned material -- ideas that you find worthwhile to consider. That's about 3 minutes per concept. This may also be a sentence, a table, chart, or diagram.

6) First, switch seats to the front of the room so all students can see your face. Second, distribute the handout. Wait till everyone has one and the instructor gives you the go ahead to begin. Do not wear a cap with a flap that covers your forehead and eyes.

7) First, look around the room and introduce yourself by saying, "Hi, my name is First name, Last name." Note: Do not say only your first name. Say your first name and last name.

Next say: My presentation today covers pages xx in the book called xx." Be sure to look around the room to everyone while you do this.

Note: It is expected that you actually look at people's faces. Pause one second on one face, then go on to another face. This will create rapport between you and the audience and you will feel less nervous and more comfortable. The audience also will feel more comfortable. So remember: Look at people's faces around the room -- the front, to the left side of the room, to the right side of the room. Keep moving around the room throughout your presentation. This will make the other students feel more at ease and you will feel more connected. The result will be a better and clearer presentation.

Be sure to speak with a loud voice that carries to the last seat in the room. From time to time the instructor may say to you, You need to speak louder. At that point, say, O.K. and raise your voice. Keep thinking that you must raise your voice as you continue talking. The entire success of your presentation depends on your voice being strong and loud enough to blanket the room. No matter how much you prepared and how intelligent your comments, if your voice is not strong, your effort is lost on the audience.

Note: For non-native speakers of English, it is normal to feel that people don't understand because you speak with a foreign accent. But that is almost never the case. The problem is almost always that you don't speak loud enough. If you speak loud enough, everyone will understand you, regardless of your accent. So practice, practice, practice -- speaking loud enough.

7) After introducing yourself, state what the three concepts on the handout are. Now, you must define each concept in one brief sentence.

Note: Students often forget to define the three concepts at the beginning of their presentation (they just read the three concepts on the Outline without defining them). Be sure to define all three concepts before you start again with the details of concept 1. To define a concept adequately you need to explain its terms and its consequences or implications (why it's an interesting concept to know about).

8) Then, start with concept 1:

(Part A)

Explain again what is the concept, idea, principle, diagram, or chart. Enlarge upon the definition using your own words--do not quote the original. Do not read your notes. Look up and around and speak spontaneously. If you practice and prepare sufficiently, you won't have to read your notes at all. Reading your notes will cost you points. Not looking around the room while you talk, will cost you points. Keep thinking about what your purpose is, namely, to give the other students the benefit of your thinking about the concepts you selected from the assigned pages.

(Part B)

Now give an illustration or specific example of how this idea occurs in your everyday life experience or in society. This is the larger psychological and cultural significance of the concept  you picked to present.

(Part C)

Now give your own opinion about this concept.

Be sure that your typed Outline shows an organization along these three Parts.

9) Now move on to concept 2, then concept 3. Repeat the three sub-steps with each concept. Monitor your time carefully. You only have 3 minutes per concept. Move quickly from one to the other.

Be sure to keep looking around to people's faces while you talk, not just to one or two faces. It's good to maintain eye contact for a couple of seconds, then move on to the next face. Be sure to speak with a strong or loud voice, addressing yourself to the person furthest in the room.

You can consult your notes as often as you want to, but do not read.

Stay within your time limit of at least 10 minutes and no more than 12 minutes. The instructor will tell you to wrap it up in one minute when your time is up. If you take less than 9 minutes to finish, it will cost you points.

Study the Assessment Tools listed below. It lists the criteria by which you will be graded.

10) Summary:

Practice is key to giving a good presentation.  Do not read your notes--learn them so you can talk while looking at the audience. Look around the class as you talk. Do not talk to the instructor alone--look at the students and make sure you maintain rapport with the audience. Looking directly at people's faces is very important for rapport. Do not wear a cap with a visor that hides your eyes. Make sure your voice is very loud, louder than normal. This is very important.

11) Make outline notes for yourself, not full sentences, so you will be making up the sentences spontaneously as you talk. This helps you to stay in rapport with the audience. The skills you practice here are the same that will make you successful on your job.

12) When you finish, say: "And that's my presentation for today. Thank you." The audience will then applaud and the instructor will open up the discussion period.  You must answer at least 3 questions. Be sure you maintain a strong voice while you are answering. The other students should be prepared to ask questions. It's a good idea to write down your question during the presentation, while you are thinking about it. Students who never ask questions or never speak up in class discussions, cannot earn the grade of A. Participating in class discussions is a requirement of the course.

13) At the end of your presentation, the instructor will give you written feedback and a grade. You can also ask him for oral feedback at the end of class (this is optional).

14) At the end of your Outline there must be three Web links that you found after searching. These links connect to sites or articles that you feel are related to the three concepts in your presentation. Give a brief explanation of the links as you finish your presentation.

15) It is required that you upload these three Outlines after you have prepared your Home Page and Report 1.

16) The Seven Additional Oral Presentation Outlines

You are required to submit 7 additional Outlines, but only one copy to the instructor in class who will enter the record and keep the copy. These 7 additional Outlines are to be written exactly in the same format as the other three, just as if you would be giving an oral presentation. Each additional Outline is to be based on one of the oral presentation assignments listed for each week (see Oral Presentation Schedule at Class Home Page). You are to select one presentation for that week to do your Outline. You must submit at least one additional Outline every other week. Do not bunch them up as this will cost you points. The intent is for you to do the Outlines at fairly regular intervals and to give you choices in doing them.

17) All 10 Outlines must be uploaded by the end of the semester. The name of the Outline files must be:

outline1.htm, outline2.htm, outline3.htm

additional-outline1.htm, additional-outline2.htm, additional-outline3.htm, additional-outline4.htm, additional-outline5.htm, additional-outline6.htm, additional-outline7.htm

Note that there are no spaces in the file names!

Grading of Presentations: Oral Communication Assessment Criteria:

  1. Did student prepare a coherent handout in 21 copies, and included three Web links?

  2. Did student follow the three steps specified the instructions?

  3. Did student define each of the three concepts at the start?

  4. Did student illustrate each concept with psychological and cultural significance?

  5. Did student show evidence of being well prepared and organized?

  6. Did student establish and maintain rapport with the audience from the beginning?

  7. Did student look around the room to all the audience members?

  8. Did student speak spontaneously and avoided reading?

  9. Did student stay within the stated time limits of not less than 9 and not more than 12 mins.?

  10. Did student listen to questions and respond appropriately?

How to Be a Good Audience Member in Class:

a) Speak at least once in every class (it's a community responsibility). You can ask a question or make a comment.

b) Look at the speaker during the presentation and act like an audience. Avoid looking down for long periods. This makes a big difference to the speaker. Do not read or write while the presentation is going on! But you should write down questions to ask at the end, while you're thinking of it. Do not talk to your neighbor (this will cost you penalty points deducted from your overall grade). Do not be late for class.

c) Give others a chance to speak if you have already spoken more than twice in one class.

d) Make comments that address the specific topic. Do not tell stories. We have just a few minutes for the discussions. and brief statements by several people would be the best interaction style. Be ready with your comment and jump in when there is an opportunity. This is excellent practice for everyone!

Required Weekly Outline to be Handed in by Every Student:

The Syllabus shows that 10 points are assigned to typed one-page Outlines every student must hand in -- for a total of 10 for the semester. Each is worth 1 point. Each Outline must follow the instructions given in Section 3 above. There are 15 weeks of oral presentations, so you can choose which 10 you want to do. You must hand in the Outline during class that is specified for that class in the Schedule of Oral Presentations -- see Class Home Page. Several oral presentations are scheduled for each class. You have the choice of selecting one of them for the Outline you hand in. However you must balance between the assigned readings so you cover all the sources.

You must read the assigned pages specified in the Schedule of Oral Presentations for that class, and create an Outline, in the same way that you make the Outline when you are doing your own oral presentation (see Section 3). In order to get your 1 point you must hand in your Outline during that class.

Note: You can earn 3 bonus points for uploading the10 Outlines and placing links to them on your Home Page. The Outlines must be uploaded by the time you submit Report 2.

Additional Information

Oral Communication Training Method:

(1) The instructor will model oral communication presentations and point out the various concerns while performing them.

(2) Students will read out loud to the class and receive feedback on voice quality, loudness, and eye contact.

(3) Students will orally summarize the main points of a paragraph that is read out loud.

(4) Students as audience will learn to use the assessment criteria shown below by emailing a feedback message to class  presenters

(5) Students will receive email feedback following each of their three presentations, focusing on the assessment criteria shown below. This will allow them to work on improvements after each presentation.

Oral Communication Learning Outcomes:

Overall Goals

Students should acquire a clear understanding of the basic concepts and practices associated with public speaking and should appreciate the role of public speaking in academic and work settings. Students should be able to deliver speeches in accordance with the principles of effective oral presentation.

Specific Learning Outcomes

Students will be able to practice and achieve at least seven of the following:

  1. Compose and deliver public presentations on assigned topics in a classroom setting

  2. Effectively create, organize, and support ideas in oral presentations

  3. Delivering an oral presentation on an assigned reading task and adding argument support elements (illustrations, Web links, examples)

  4. Creating a Web Page for each oral presentation, including related links

  5. Maintain effective rapport with the classroom audience (eye contact, voice modulation)

  6. Listen to and answer adequately, questions from the audience

  7. Utilize effective delivery techniques when giving an oral presentation

  8. Use visual aids and techniques (handouts, Power Point slides, overhead projector)

  9. Make use of interactive techniques (making audience participation requests)

  10. Remain within the assigned time limits

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