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Internet Literacy Exercises for G8
Spring 1998
Psych 409a, 409b, 459

Before anything: Bookmark this address because you'll need to visit places, then come back here. Be sure to read through the whole instructions two or three times before you start any part of it!!


Always bring 2 disquettes with you to the lab. Very important if you're going to do your work successfully!


Before you start Part 1 of these exercises, go to the Index of All G8 Reports and explore all the links BRIEFLY FOR NOW, so you know where and what they are--such as Reports, Due Dates, Oral Presentations, Class Home Pages, and Goodies. Then come back here to do Part 1.

Part 1
Pine & Pico
Part 2
Signature File
Part 3
Export a File
Part 4
Class Mailing List
Part 5
Mailing Intro to Class
Part 6
UNIX Commands
Part 7
Download and Upload
Part 8
Create Your Files
Part 9
Using Web Bookmarks
Part 10
Generational Curriculum
Part 11
Following Newsgroups
Back to
Due dates for all Parts and Reports are also summarized here
Dr. Leon James
Professor of Psychology
University of Hawaii
Spring Semester, 1998

Part 1: Pine and Pico


Before you start Part 1 of these exercises, go to the Index of All G8 Reports and explore all the links BRIEFLY FOR NOW, so you know where and what they are--such as Reports, Due Dates, Oral Presentations, Class Home Pages, and Goodies. Then come back here to do Part 1.

Due date for Part 1
Psych 409a and 409b || Wednesday, January 14
Psych 459 || Friday, January 16

(1) After logging on to uhunix, type "pine" at the prompt (Note: for commands, never type the quotation marks).

(2) Read the instructions on how to use Pine E-Mail, including these:

(3)Make a summary note card for yourself about the Pico editor commands you'll be needing to use Pine (e.g., how to save, how to delete, how to find something, etc.). Review these commands every day and have the note card with you during a computer session. Even if you have been using email, you need to review these instructions again.

When you complete this Part 1,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 2: Signature File

Due date for Part 2
Psych 409a and 409b || Wednesday, January 14
Psych 459 || Friday, January 16
Create a signature file for your Pine e-mail as follows:

(a) At the uhunix prompt, type the command: "pico .signature" You'll be given an editor window. Type in whatever you want that should automatically show at the bottom of all your e-mail messages (usually your first and last name and a logo line or drawing, and/or your favorite quotation. Take a look at other people's signature marks at the bottom of their email messages. You can always change it at any time, so for now, type whatever, and save it with "control-x" and then just type return when it shows the correct file name which should be .signature. After creating it, try out each of these three commands at the UNIX prompt: "dir" , "ls", and "ls -al" and you'll notice each gives sligtly different information about your files. Remember them!

Note: You can change or edit your .signature file any time with the command: "pico .signature" which you type at the unix prompt.

(b) Go back into Pine and send yourself a message (type: "c" for compose a message). You'll see the contents of your .signature file automatically placed at the bottom of all your messages in Pine. Go back to unix, and edit your signature file, then come back to Pine, give the compose command, and see if you're satisfied with how it looks.

When you complete this Part 2,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 3: Exporting a File

Due date for Part 3
Psych 409a and 409b || Wednesday, January 14
Psych 459 || Friday, January 16

(1) While in Pine, give the compose command ("c") and type in the title of your favorite song or movie. Type in your address at the "To" line-- i.e., your login name, then hit return--Pine will type in your full name automatically and does this for all holders of UNIX accounts at UH.

(2) When you receive it (a few minutes later), look at it, then export it to your UNIX home directory (i.e.,: while your message is on the screen, type "e" for the export command, and type in its new file name which should be "movie1" and save it.

(3) Now exit Pine. At the unix prompt, type "dir" (for directory) or "ls" (for list) -- try both to see the differences.

(4) You'll see the name of the movie1 file that you just exported. Now give the command "pico movie1" and you'll see the contents of the file you e-mailed to yourself and then exported. Now you can do anything with it. Type in another favorite song or movie. Now exit save (type "control x"). Now type "dir" again at the unix prompt, and you'll see the movie1 file is still there. It won't go away until you delete the file.

Note: Get into the habit of typing "dir" each time you get to the UNIX prompt (e.g., when you change dir, create a file, or start something new.

When you complete this Part 3,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 4: Class Mailing List

Due date for Part 4
Psych 409a and 409b || Tuesday, January 20
Psych 459 || Thursday, January 22
Create a class list so you can send e-mail to all G8 students in your class and Dr. James simultaneously. This will be needed soon, so be ready!

(1) In Pine, type "m" (for main screen), then "a" (for address book) then "a" (for add).

(2) You get a screen where you can type in each class member's e-mail name separated by commas (you get everybody's e-mail names in class).

(3) Now type in Dr. James' e-mail name, which is "leon".

(4) Now type in your own e-mail name (same as your login name).

(5) Note well: Now it asks you for the Fullname. Do not forget to enter the course number as Fullname, or there'll be a penalty for you in points!! Your class number mustappear on the List's Fullname or else it will lead to confusion (Psych 409a or Psych 409b or Psych 459).

(6) Now it asks you for the Nickname of the group so type either 459, or 409a, or 409b. This is what you type in the To: line in Pine when you send something to the entire class--and Pine will automatically print all the names.

(7) Now save-exit ("control-x").

(8) Now compose a message in Pine and address it To: 459 or 409a, or 409b (your class of course), and after pressing return, you'll notice Pine types out automatically all the names under your group nickname. Now Cancel ("control-c") since you don't need to send it to the class. You'll be sending messages to the class later.

(9) You'll need to add and delete names, especially during the first few weeks until the class settles. To do this, go back to Address Book and follow instructions for "v" (to View your list) and edit it. Try it now.

Note well: You'll be getting messages from the instructor to delete or add to this list during the first few weeks. Be sure to edit the list each time you receive such a request from the instructor, or else there will be a penalty point for you since this leads to people getting messages they don't want.

(10) Check point number (5) above again: you don't want to incur a penalty!! If your course number is missing, it creates problems for Dr. James in keeping track of all activities!!

When you complete this Part 4,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 5: Mailing Personal Intro to Class

Due date for Part 5
Psych 409a and 409b || Tuesday, January 20
Psych 459 || Thursday, January 22

Check out this Page for a summary table of Pine or Pico commands Dr. James prepared for you to make things much more convenient for you!!

(1) Here is what you write about in your personal introduction (about one paragraph each, i.e, between 3 to 5 sentences). This may sound excessively picky, but there is a reason for everything, you'll see later! You can ask about them in class if you want. Some of them are explained in an article the instructor wrote about the generational curriculum, which you can read if you want to. Take a few minutes to look at it, then click back here.

Now select the lines (a) to (e) below, give the Copy command, switch to Pine, press c (to compose a message), put the cursor into the message field, give the Paste command. Now you can type each paragraph between the marked headings (a through e).

(a) your computer background in terms of (1) any courses? (2) any work experience? (3) any familiar software? (4) any special skills like programming, games, chatrooms? (5) any familiarity with the Web?

(b) how you're doing so far with these exercises

(c) some of your thoughts in doing these exercises

(d) some of your feelings in doing these exercises

(e) where you're having greater difficulty, and where you're having an easy time.

(2 ) When done, go to the top (control w followed by control y -- takes you to the top in one command, nice and easy -- or else, control y several times).

Type the class Nickname in the To: line (459 or 409a or 409b).
In the "Subject" line, type your first name followed by your last name (in that order), followed by your class number (459 or 409a or 409b), and nothing else).
So the Subject: line will inform people that this message is from you and what course you're from.
Now read the note to check for spelling errors.
Now send it off with control x.

When you complete this Part 5,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 6: UNIX Commands

Due date for Part 6
Psych 409a and 409b || Wednesday, January 21
Psych 459 || Friday, January 23
Now practice unix commands (look these up in your UNIX command Summary and Internet Access booklets you purchased for the course).

(1) At the uhunix prompt type "dir" (or "ls") and look at your file listing. Now create a new file called "practice1" by typing "pico practice1"). Note: File names on unix cannot have a space within them. So practice1 as a file name is without a space.

(2) type the sentence "This is practice1 file." Save-exit ("control x").

(3) type "dir" and you can see the new file you just created.

(4) repeat steps 1 to 3 by creating another file called "practice2"

(5) at the uhunix prompt, now type "mkdir practice" . When you hit return, unix creates a new directory. Give the "dir" command and you'll see it. Note that directories or sub-directories look different from files. You can't see the files in a sub-directory until you give the "cd" command (meaning: change directory). In this case, type "cd practice" and press return. Now give the "dir" command--it should be empty because you haven't placed anything in the practice directory. Note that the uhunix prompt tells you which sub-directory you're in. Now type "cd" to get back to the main directory. Now type "dir" and you'll see the two files practice1 and practice2 are still there of course.

(6) Now move the two files practice1 and practice2 into the new directory you created and called practice. Give the command "mv practice1 practice2 practice" (that is: mv space practice1 space practice2 space practice -- which means: move file "practice1" and file "practice2" into the directory called "practice"). Unix will move both files for you when you press return.

(7) Now give the "dir" command, and the two files no longer show up in the main directory (since you just moved them). Give the command "cd practice", press return, then the "dir" command. Now you can see the two files since you are in the practice dir. Now give the command cd and press return. This takes you back to the main directory. Give the dir command. This is how you move around between the directories you create.

(8) Let us practice some more. Create a second new directory called "stuff" (see it with "dir"). Now create a file called "dishes.html" and type in the names of three of your favorite dishes to eat. Exit-save (see it with the "dir" command). Now move it into the "stuff" directory ("mv dishes.html stuff"). Now type "cd stuff" to get into the stuff directory. Now give the "dir" command and you'll see the "dishes.html" file there.

(9) Now type "cd" to get back to your main home directory. Type "dir" to see what's there. Now delete the two files called "practice1" and "practice2" in the practice directory by doing this:

Type "cd practice" which takes you to the practice dir, then the "dir" command. Now you see the two files there. Delete them ("rm practice1 practice2"). You'll be asked to confirm deletion of each file. Now give the "dir" command (the two files are gone; the sub-directory is now empty).

Now go back to your home directory ("cd") and give the "dir" command. You see the sub-directory "practice" still there (but you know it's empty). Now give the command "rmdir practice" (meaning: remove or delete the sub-directory "practice"). Now give the dir command and you see that practice is gone.

Note well: The "rmdir" command works only when the sub-directory to be removed is empty!! Remember you have to change into the directory, delete all files, come back, then delete it when empty.

When you complete this Part 6,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 7: Download and Upload

Due date for Part 7
Psych 409a and 409b || Friday, January 23
Psych 459 || Monday, January 26

(1) First, create a file in your word processor. Type this into it. Note: you can also copy/paste, but be sure to read and understand every line! If not, ask!



<title>Welcome to the Home Page of Your First Name, Last Name, Course and no., University of Hawaii</title>


<body bgcolor="#00ffff">

<h1 align=center> Welcome to the Home Page of


Your First Name and Last name


Course no., G8 </h1>

Type a paragraph describing how you feel about the idea you're about to be published on the World Wide Web where 50 million Americans will be surfing this year.


<table border=14 cellpadding=16 cellspacing=8 width=85%>


<td bgcolor="white" valign=top><font color=black face=Arial size=3>

<a href="generations.html">

Mining the Generational Curriculum</a> ||

<a href="home.html"> My Home Page</a> ||

<a href="report1.html">My Report 1 on: xxx.</a> ||

<a href="report2.html">My Report 2 on: xxx</a> ||

<a href="newsgroups.html">My Report on the Psychology of Newsgroups </a> ||

<a href="bookmarks.html">My Bookmarks File</a> ||

<a href="icons/">My Icons File</a> ||

<a href="../../leonj/leonpsy8/g8sthomes409a.html">

<!Note: change 409a to 409b or 459 if applicable>

Our G8 Class Home Page</a> ||

<a href="../../leonj/leonpsy8/g8reportsindex.html">

Our G8 Index of All Reports</a> ||

<a href="../../leonj/leonpsy/leon.html">Dr. Leon James Home Page</a></font>



<a href="mailto:yourunixloginname@hawaii.edu"<p>

email me</a>





(2) Now save it on your diskette in Text Only format (or else, in HTML format), and call it "home.html". Now go to your Web browser and give the Open File command under the File menu, and find this file on your diskette. The browser will show you what the file will look like when you post it on the Web. This is called pre-viewing it before you upload it. This gives you a chance to edit again and again, until you're satisfied, then you upload it. Note that the links and icons won't work till the file is uploaded.

Now using your ftp software login into the CSS server by typing in the
Host address "www.soc.hawaii.edu"
and the ID as "459s98" or "409as98" or "409bs98".
Get the password for your course in class. Please do not give out this password or leave it lying around. With this password anyone can delete your files!! Which is another reason why you should have a copy of the latest version of your files on one diskette, PLUS either on your hard drive or on a second diskette. Several students each semester fail to follow this rule and they sometimes have to redo reports. Remember: always keep two back ups of your latest uploaded files--your responsibility!

(3) When you're logged in with your ftp software:

(a) Create a new directory using the ftp software menu command (or, at the "ftp>" prompt, type in "mkdir yourlastname".
(b) Now give the "change directory" command using the ftp software menu command (or, at the "ftp>" prompt, type in "cd"), and go into your own directory that you just created. It is now empty (but your name MUST show in the window). Here is where you'll be uploading all your class reports and your Home Page.

Be sure your name shows in the window (not the course number, not some other student's name). Or else you're uploading to the wrong place!

(4) Always check to see that you're in your own directory (your name MUST show on the ftp software dialog box). Now give the "upload" command and select the "home.html" file on your diskette (or select first, click on upload arrow next). When it's up-loaded, give the "show directory" command and you'll see your file there. If not, repeat the process until it's confirmed that your files are there.


If your software changes your file name while uploading (e.g., from "home.html" to "home.htm" or else introduces some other sign or letter), it is NECESSARY for you to change its name back. Just give the "rename" file command, and change its name back to "home.html".

(5) Now practice the reverse process of downloading. Select your "home.html" file on the CSS server and give the download command (or click download arrow). Choose your diskette as the location. It then gives you a chance to rename the file that's being downloaded on the diskette: call it "home2.html". When done, go to your diskette, give the dir command, and make sure home.html is there.

(6) Want to see your home page on the Web and save its address? Go to your Class Home Page and click on your name. It will take you to the "home.html" file you uploaded. Bookmark the address of your home page!! Then come back here to continue reading instructions.


So now you know how to upload and download from the CSS server (where your World Wide Web Page is). Now if you want to remove your Page or change it, go right ahead. Just change the file on your diskette in the word processor, then upload the new version. If you keep the same name, the new version will automatically replace the old. (If you want to remove it from the server: go back to ftp software, go into your directory, select your file, and give the "delete file" command on the ftp software menu line (or: ftp>delete).


: be sure you never delete somebody else's file by mistake, so it's imperative you check to see you really are in your own sub-directory, not somebody else's (it shows on top of the ftp dialog box). This is the honor system, hence it calls for extra responsibility for each other. O.K.?


: Repeating the message that you MUST keep a copy of all your files on 2 separate diskettes. Accidents have happened in the past, and you don't want to have to redo everything!!!!!!


Take a look at this award winning Home Page by MaryElizabeth Pacheco, G7 -- remember, she started the semester knowing nothing about the Internet or HTML!! Be sure to click back here to give your ratings and complete this Part 7.
When you complete this Part 7,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 8: Creating Your Files

Due date for Part 8
Psych 409a and 409b || Monday, February 2
Psych 459 || Wednesday, February 4
(1) Your CSS directory must contain the following 5 files (ending in .html), plus the icons sub-directory (for graphics files ending in .gif or .jpg):

All these files should be in your directory (follow steps below). First, use your ftp software to create a new directory within your own directory (ftp>mkdir icons) and it should be called "icons". It is required that you put all your future graphics files in this sub-directory. This will avoid clutter in your directory. Go see here to view the directory of G7 students (click on the folder of several students) then click back here to continue.

(2) Now follow these steps:
In your word processor on your diskette, create the missing 4 files (you already did the "home.html" file). Type the name of each file on the first line and leave the rest of the file blank. Save As... in "Text" format (or HTML). Now the 4 new files are on your diskette.

(3) Now use ftp software to upload the 4 files from your diskette to your CSS directory--be sure you're in your own directory before giving the upload command, or else you'll be automatically replacing someone else's files with yours!!. After uploading is complete, you can see the 5 files on your ftp directory by giving the "dir" command, plus the Icons" sub-directory.

(4) Now look at each file with your browser by first going to your Class Home Page and clicking on your name. Then come back here to finish this Part 8.

(5) Now you can work on your home.html file to improve its appearance. Go see these two places to pick up ideas about HTML tags. When done exploring these links and when done giving your Home Page a makeover, come back here to finish this Part 8 and give the required ratings!
When you complete this Part 8,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 9: Using Web Bookmarks and Search Engines

Due date for Part 9
Psych 409a and 409b || Wednesday, February 4
Psych 459 || Friday, February 6

(1) After starting your Web browser (Netscape or Internet Explorer), systematically explore all the menu items and try to figure out what each does. Keep a list of items you don't understand and bring to class for discussion. Spend a few minutes just clicking away--just so you can get a feel for how long things take.

(2) Get into the habit of observing what the computer is doing by watching the field at the bottom left that tells you what is happening second by second -- when it's looking up an address, when it's dialing the telephone line or "Connecting...", when it's waiting for the request, when it gets in, how long it takes to load, what the address structure is--whether .com or .edu or .org, what location, how large the file is and its individual packets, whether there are backgrounds, etc. You should observe all of these. In other words, be very active in your participation.

(3) Create your own bookmarks.html file as follows:
(a) In your word processor create a file called"bookmarks.html" and save it on your diskette in Text Only format or HTML format.

(b) Now in your Web browser, under the Window menu, select "Bookmarks" and you get the Bookmarks window on the screen. Now under the "File" menu, select "Open Bookmarks File", and find it on your diskette. This is called loading your own bookmarks file. Always load your own bookmarks.html file each time you're using the Web browser!! This means of course, that you need to have your diskette with you. This practice will save you lots of frustration and unnecessary work. If you don't FIRST load your own bookmarks.html file from your diskette, you will not be able to save all the Web addresses you'll need each time. Instead it will be saved on the computer where it will be erased after your session. Help one another in the Lab: ask the student next to you: "Did you remember to load your bookmarks file?"

(c) Use the "Add Bookmarks" (or "Add Favorites") command in your Web browser while you are on a Page whose address you want to save. It only takes one second to give the Add Bookmarks command, and it's well worth it!! Once your bookmarks.html file is loaded, you can use your mouse to Add Bookmarks. Very convenient indeed! You can also give the Open File command in the Browser window and open your bookmarks file that way. Sometimes you want that.

(4) Go to one of the many search engines (see "Internet Search" under the Directory Menu). Type in various subjects that interest you as well as the names of places, people, and companies, and see what happens. Each time come back and do it again and again with different search terms, until you get tired. You'll need a minimum of 10 hours of surfing in cyberspace before you begin to understand what's going on. Be sure to try at least 4 or 5 different search engines to see the differences.

(5) Practice saving a Web Page by mailing it to yourself:
(a) When the document you want is on the browser screen, select the "Mail Document" command (under the File Menu) and address it to yourself ("yourloginname@hawaii.edu"). You might need to set Options for Mail--see lab attendant if you have problems with this.

(b) Go to Pine a few minutes later and see the document you mailed on your screen. You can forward it to classmates and friends (only if you want to), by typing "f" (for forward) when it's on your screen in Pine. Or, if you prefer, you can export it to your directory for later use (type "e" for export and the name of a file to save it in). Or, you can just hit "d" to delete it.

(6) Now practice saving an icon. When you see a picture you'd like to save on your diskette, and you feel that the picture is not copyrighted or proprietary, then place your mouse arrow on it, hold the mouse-click down and choose "Save This Image." Give it a name that ends with .gif to show it's an icon and indicate your diskette as the location. Once it's on your diskette, upload the .gif file to your icons sub-directory on the CSS server.


: Only images that are not already on the CSS server should be copied to your directory. Find out what icons are already available. Look in these places, click on the icons directory, then click on each image to see what it looks like. If you like any of them, don't copy it, just add the address to your bookmarks, then use this address in your document. After exploring the images on the CSS server, come back here to finish this Part 9.


: Only those images that are not copyrighted or proprietary can be Saved and copied from a Web Page. It's against the law to copy other people's art work or logo (without written permission), but there are plenty of public domain icons you are allowed to copy. You can also create your own icons using drawing software--it's fun! You can also scan in any photograph-- see the lab attendant for location of scanners.

(7) Now organize your bookmarks.html file.
(a) In Netscape, choose Bookmarks under the Window menu. If your own bookmarks.htm file is not the current one, you need to open it first under the File menu, so it is the current one (it's located on your diskette, remember?)

(b) Now create a new folder for each category (e.g., students, icons, personal, driving, search engines, etc.), using the Insert Folder command under the Item menu.

(c) Now drag each address into the proper folder.


You can open each bookmark entry by giving the Edit Bookmark command under the Item menu. You can change its title and add explanations. You can also Sort entries within each folder, or change their order by dragging. You can also duplicate items or Making an Alias, so you can keep copies within several folders.

(d) Now practice finding a bookmark in your bookmarks.html file. Go the bookmarks Window, and give the Find command under the Edit menu. Now type in various words you try to see if you can find any specific one. Very, very handy!!

When you complete this Part 9,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 10: The Generational Curriculum

Due date for Part 10
Psych 409a and 409b || Monday, February 9
Psych 459 || Wednesday, February 11
The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.
When you complete this Part 10,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.

Part 11: Following Newsgroups

Due date for Part 11
Psych 409a and 409b || Tuesday, February 17
Psych 459 || Wednesday, February 18
The instructions for this part will be found in a separate file here.
When you complete this Part 11,
you need to fill out the ratings for it
so click here.
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