A Man of the Field

Forming The New Church Mind In Today’s World

 

 

Volume 1: Reformation

The Struggle Against Nonduality

 

Volume 2: Enlightenment

The Spiritual Sense of the Writings

 

Volume 3: Regeneration

Spiritual Disciplines For Daily Life

 

Volume 4: Uses

The New Church Mind In Old Age

 

By Leon James

October 2002

(draft 17a)

 

Author information appears at the end. This document is in the process of being revised. Please note the draft version marked on top.

 

 

A “field” means doctrine (AC 368)

A "man" signifies faith and truth (AC 427; 4823)

Because 'field' means doctrine anyone receiving any seed of faith, whether the individual, the Church, or the world, is called a field. (AC 368)

 

 

Volume 2

Enlightenment:

Extracting The Spiritual Sense of the Writings

 

 

Chapter 2

The Substitution Technique

 

Table of Contents

 

 

Access other Chapters and Volumes here: 2

Chapter 2. 3

The Substitution Technique. 3

1. Introduction. 3

2. OT And NT Through The Perspective Of The Writings. 7

3. The Daily Study Of The Writings Is Necessary For Regeneration. 8

4. Without The Spiritual Sense We Fall Into New Church Idolatries. 11

5. The Substitution Technique For Dualities In The Writings. 13

6. Will And Understanding. 14

7. Cross/Parallels And Within-Parallels. 19

8. Reading The Writings As The Word. 20

9. Rational Understanding Of Spiritual Things. 23

10. Enhancing The Base Of Knowledge About The Writings. 25

11. The Letter Of The Writings Has Been Preserved. 27

12. An Example Of Spiritual Mathematics In The Writings. 29

End Notes and References. 35

Acknowledgment 45

About the Author. 45

Titles for the Abbreviated Citations in the Book. 45

Full Text Free Online Access to All Swedenborg’s Writings: 46

Volume 4. 47

Uses: The Innocence of Old Age. 47

 

Access other Chapters and Volumes here:

 

 www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/nonduality.html

 

Every spiritual truth in the Writings
is a Divine Commandment

 


 

Chapter 2

The Substitution Technique

 

1. Introduction

 

XII. ENLIGHTENMENT BY MEANS OF THE WORD.

Every man who is in the spiritual affection of truth, that is, who loves truth itself because it is truth, is enlightened by the Lord when he reads the Word; but not the man who reads it from mere natural affection of truth, which is called the desire of knowing. The latter does not see anything except what agrees with his love, or with the principles which he has either himself adopted, or derived from others by hearing or reading.

 

In a few words therefore it shall be told whence and with what man there is enlightenment by means of the Word. That man has enlightenment who shuns evils because they are sins, and because they are against the Lord, and against His Divine laws. With this man and with no other, the spiritual mind is opened, and so far as it is opened, the light of heaven enters, from which light is all enlightenment in the Word.

 

For man then has a will for good, and this will, when it is determined to that use, becomes in the understanding first the affection of truth, then the perception of truth, soon by means of rational light the thought of truth, thus decision and conclusion, which as it passes thence into the memory, also passes into the life, and so remains.

 

This is the way of all enlightenment in the Word, and also the way of reformation and regeneration of man. But first the memory must needs have knowledges both of spiritual and natural things, for these are the stores into which the Lord operates by means of the light of heaven, and the fuller these are and freer from confirmed falsities, the more enlightened is the perception given and the clearer the conclusion.

 

For the Divine operation does not fall into a man who is empty and void, as for example one who does not know that the Lord is pure love and pure mercy, good itself, and truth itself, and that love itself and good itself are such in their essence that they cannot do evil to anyone, neither be angry nor revengeful; or who does not know that the Word in the sense of the letter is written in many places from appearances. Such a man cannot be enlightened by the Word … (DE VERBO 12)

 

Are you willing to substitute “the Writings” where it says “the Word” in the above passage? Try it and see what objections come up in your mind. Are these objections confirmed in your mind as a thesis or doctrine, or are they a merely a vague reaction of unease due to assumptions acquired in the past from somewhere?

 

In my case I can tell you that I have no such objections because it is something I automatically and spontaneously started doing the minute I was confirmed in my mind that the Writings are the Word of the Lord in His Second Coming. The very first time I started reading the Writings around age 40 it never occurred to me to doubt anything about it as I was proceeding. The same experience is true for my wife who was reading some other volume on another chair in the room. From a logical point of view it doesn’t make sense to say “This is the Word” and then a minute later to say “But I cannot substitute “the Writings” where it says “the Word.” All sorts of objections can be raised but none of them must be allowed to lead to less certitude that the Writings are the Word.

 

One type of reasoning that gives temptations is this: In many places it is obvious that the Writings are referring to the Old Testament when referring to “the Word” since it then goes on to discuss some verses in the Old Testament (xx). Similarly with places where the Writings say “the Word” and clearly refer to the New Testament as it goes on to discuss some NT verses. (xx). This is entirely correct. Nevertheless, one must not from this draw the conclusion that therefore only that Testament is meant!

 

It is a logical point. To say that the Writings is referring to the Old Testament does not mean that the deeper meaning does not apply to the New Testament or to the Writings. Consider this idea: Whenever the Writings refer to “the Word” the statement applies to all three portions of the Word. This makes total sense! We know from the Writings that the Word in the literal contains infinite things and only some of those can be extracted by the human race to eternity (AC 4383). This is what it means to say that the Word is Divine Truth for this is infinite (xx). Whenever the Writings refers to the Word the Lord is saying something to us about the totality of His Word, in all three portions: The Hebrew Word, the Greek Word, and the Latin Word; or, the Old Testament, the New Testament, and the Third Testament.

 

And I can tell you that the minute any New Church mind in formation begins to read the Writings through this new, more interior perspective, you will IMMEDIATELY perceive the difference by what you can now see that you didn’t see before!

 

Therefore let us get back to the quote above and summarize the passage in the following six propositions:

 

(1) “ENLIGHTENMENT BY MEANS OF THE WORD”

This means that the New Church mind is enlightened when reading and studying the Writings.

 

(2) “Every man who is in the spiritual affection of truth, that is, who loves truth itself because it is truth, is enlightened by the Lord when he reads the Word; but not the man who reads it from mere natural affection of truth, which is called the desire of knowing.”

 

This means that when reading the Writings, it is the Lord Himself who is enlightening us. This fits with what the Writings say in numerous places that the Word is the Lord Himself (LORD 2). Note that this enlightenment does not yet happen before our reformation since until that time we read the Writings out of a desire for knowing. We do this fro many reasons: for example, it is required for a course in which we want to excel, or, to please a parent or teacher or minister; or, because we see it as part of the tradition of knowledge; and many other reasons. But at our reformation in adulthood we have a new motive for reading the Writings, and this motive is the spiritual affection we have for it since we worship the letter of the Writings as the Lord Himself, just as the angels do (xx).

 

(3) “With this man and with no other, the spiritual mind is opened, and so far as it is opened, the light of heaven enters, from which light is all enlightenment in the Word.”

 

This means that when we read the Writings as the Word our spiritual mind is opened and we receive into it perception from the angels who are with us while we read the Writings. This is what I said above, that you will experience an IMMEDIATE change in what you see in the Writings when you begin reading it in the new way, that is, applying to the Writings everything that is said in it about “the Word.”

 

(4) “For man then has a will for good, and this will, when it is determined to that use, becomes in the understanding first the affection of truth, then the perception of truth, soon by means of rational light the thought of truth, thus decision and conclusion, which as it passes thence into the memory, also passes into the life, and so remains.”

 

This means that when we read what it says about the Word as applying to the Writings, the new perception of truth in our spiritual mind, descends into our rational consciousness in full awareness so that we can think and reason at that spiritual level about our everyday activities. Our willing and thinking moment by moment all day long is changes because of this new perception in the Writings. This new meaning is a more interior truth we could not see before, and it now forms the Doctrine in our mind. This new Doctrine in our mind is more interior and spiritual than what it was before. And as a result the Lord can implant in it higher good, celestial good, for this can exist only in interior rational truths. Thus we make progress in our regeneration.

 

(5) “This is the way of all enlightenment in the Word, and also the way of reformation and regeneration of man. But first the memory must needs have knowledges both of spiritual and natural things, for these are the stores into which the Lord operates by means of the light of heaven, and the fuller these are and freer from confirmed falsities, the more enlightened is the perception given and the clearer the conclusion.”

 

This means that our reformation and regeneration can progress only to the extent that we are enlightened when reading the Writings and can see deeper spiritual truths that we internalize as our Doctrine in the mind and from which we then change our willing and thinking all day long. It says that “first the memory must needs have knowledges both of spiritual and natural things.” We cannot be enlightened as soon as we start reading the Writings. We must first accumulate sufficient knowledge from its natural and spiritual scientifics. The natural scientifics of the Writings refer to the Memorable Relations, the scientific facts and illustrations, and Earths in the Universe, the details about the resuscitation of the dead, and some others. The spiritual scientifics refer to correspondences, discrete degrees, the Laws of Divine Providence and Permissions, the details about influx, and some others. Once these natural and spiritual scientifics are in our memory, they remain there and are continued to be built up until reformation. At this point these scientifics in our mind become “stores into which the Lord operates by means of the light of heaven.” This starts us on the road of enlightenment and consequent regeneration by the Lord through the Writings .

 

(6) “the Lord is pure love and pure mercy, good itself, and truth itself, and that love itself and good itself are such in their essence that they cannot do evil to anyone, neither be angry nor revengeful; or who does not know that the Word in the sense of the letter is written in many places from appearances. Such a man cannot be enlightened by the Word “

 

This means that our enlightenment is proportional to the extent to which we shun whatever is not from the Lord, that is, whatever is not pure, in our daily willing and thinking. We can read and study the Writings as the Word and be enlightened while we read since we are then imbued with an affection for it as the Lord. This has happened to me numerous times. But ask my wife whether I was still imbued with such an affection a few minutes later when I laid down the Book and busied myself with the activities and with interacting with her. All of a sudden I was back “the old me,” acting out the impure things in my willing and thinking. The statement above did not apply to me--“cannot do evil to anyone, neither be angry nor revengeful”—for I did do evil to my neighbor, and did get angry, and did have vengeful thoughts!

 

This is what happens to all of us, I assume. The change or reformation occurs only when we are actually ready to take charge of our willing and thinking as they run themselves off in our mind moment by moment, all day long. And there is no other logical way of doing this without monitoring the moment by moment flow of our thinking and willing. (See Chapter 9)

 

2. OT And NT Through The Perspective Of The Writings

 

If we could be saved by the Old and New Testaments then the Writings were not necessary! The salvation of the New Church mind depends on the Word of the Writings, not the Word of the Old Testament or the Word of the New Testament. When the New Church mind reads the Old and New Testaments it reads them only through the perspective of the Writings. If you read the Old and New Testaments as do those of the Old Christian Church, can you be of the New Church? Clearly, then, the Word of the Writings must be the exclusive authority for the New Church mind. The New Church is the Crown of Churches and is to last forever:

 

As we have now one God in the church, who is God Man and Man God, this church is called the crown of all the churches. (INV 43)

 

These are evidences that this has been granted for the sake of the New Church, which is the crown of all the churches, and which will endure forever. Being in the spiritual world, seeing the wonderful things of heaven, and the miserable things of hell; and being there in the very light of the Lord in which are the angels, surpasses all miracles. Evidences that I am there, may be seen in abundance in my books. (INV 39)

 

There have been four periods, or successive states, of each church, which in the Word are meant by "morning," "day," "evening," and "night."

(…)

After these things, from good elevated to Himself, He founds a new heaven, and from the evil removed from Himself, a new hell; and in both He establishes order, so that they may stand under His auspices and under obedience to Him to eternity; and then through this new heaven He successively inaugurates and establishes a new church on earth. (CORONIS 0)

 

Many other passages say similar things (e.g., AR 68, 73; TCR 786-788; AE 91-92; and others). You can see from these considerations that there is not going to be an endless procession of Churches in the evolution of our race. There are a definite number of steps or phases through which the Lord brings the human race, so that He might complete His creation, which is that we become celestial minds capable of living in His New Heavens. The New Church is the Crown of Churches or civilizations because it is the last, hence it is said of it that “it will endure forever.” There is not going to be a decline of the New Church as there was with the prior Churches. Therefore there is not going to be another new Word to replace the Writings. For additional discussion on this point with more citations from the Writings, see the beginning of Chapter 7 and Chapter 8 Section 3 (just above).

 

The benefits for the New Church mind of physical and mental disciplines are to foster our ability to cooperate with the Lord in our required regeneration. This is the motive that makes the discipline spiritual. An excellent mental discipline in my view is the rational analysis of our cultural environment—social, religious, philosophical, political, and pop (“entertainment”). Everything we are exposed to as “consumers” needs to be deconstructed to examine the hierarchy of components within it. This article has presented various illustrations regarding the deconstruction of nondualist concepts in Western thinking. I believe this process should be applied to all that is around us, about which the Lord says “You are in this world but not of this world” (John 15:19; 17:14).

 

This mental discipline of rational deconstruction is also appropriate to apply to the nonduality of science today. Every scientific concept we learn should be decontextualized from material monism and recontextualized in terms of substantive dualism (see Note 1 at end). In my view it could be harmful to let scientific assumptions sit in our mind without infusing them with natural/spiritual dualism. I understand that the Academy of the New Church gives courses in such matters and the Church regularly encourages the publication of literature that favors the development of this dualism in science. A consistent and outstanding example of this effort can be found in the pages of the journal New Philosophy published by the Swedenborg Scientific Association. But merely reading articles is insufficient. To create a discipline for ourselves we need to recontextualize the monist or nondual attitude that comes within all science concepts we acquire.

 

3. The Daily Study Of The Writings Is Necessary For Regeneration

 

A crucial mental discipline for the New Church mind is the daily study of the Writings. There is not a substitute for better developing the natural-rational mind. This study and the ensuing knowledge is called the “scientifics” of the Word and is not yet spiritual because it is in the external rational mind (AC 5117, 5951, 9103). Our accumulating knowledge of the Heavenly Doctrines becomes spiritual as we use the ideas and concepts we acquire from the Writings in motivating and ordering our every day life activities. To the extent that this is done, to that extent the ideas from the Writings in our external mind become suitable “vessels” for containing more and more interior ideas, received from the angels who descend into our interior-natural mind (AC 9394, 3321, 3508; NJHD 51). Studying the Writings as a mental discipline is very different from knowing various things about the New Church through socialization and congregational worship. Daily self-study of the Writings when done as a discipline is in addition to normal religious activities and Church participation. It involves similar “school” activities as studying biology or art history, namely:

 

q       reading systematically from the Writings

q       analyzing sentences for deeper comprehension

q       keeping notes

q       making applications to our actions

q       cumulating the knowledge and integrating it to hold together

q       collating and contrasting passages

q       resolving apparent contradictions through context

q       making up summary diagrams, tables, and lists

q       constructing a comprehension theory that strives towards more and more integration and inclusion

q       and other like things.

 

Without these scholarly activities, merely reading the Writings for familiarity or loyalty does not constitute a mental discipline (though it’s also a good thing to do in its own right!).

 

WITHOUT DOCTRINE, THE WORD IS UNINTELLIGIBLE. This is because the Word in the sense of the Letter consists of pure correspondences, so designed that spiritual and celestial things may be simultaneously in it, and that every word of it may contain them and serve as their basis. For this reason in some places in the sense of the Letter truths are not unveiled but veiled, and being so, they are called appearances of truth. (SE 51)

 

Consider this paragraph again, but this time substituting “the Writings” where it says “the Word.” This technique is discussed Chapter 8 in Section 4):

 

WITHOUT DOCTRINE, THE WRITINGS IS UNINTELLIGIBLE. This is because the Writings in the sense of the Letter consists of pure correspondences, so designed that spiritual and celestial things may be simultaneously in it, and that every word of it may contain them and serve as their basis. For this reason in some places in the sense of the Letter truths are not unveiled but veiled, and being so, they are called appearances of truth. (SE 51)

 

I should mention that a search facility such as NewSearch can be most helpful in building up the Doctrine of the Church and the Doctrine of Life in our mind. New Search is available on CD or on the Web at www.theheavenlydoctrines.org/ An approach that I have found very effective is to create a notebook or word processing file that lists various topics I’m interested in and beneath each, various citation numbers to the Writings with a sentence or two of explanation for each citation or group of citations. When Bishop Pendleton’s notes were published by the General Church it became apparent that he used this technique long before the existence of online search facilities (see Chapter 7, Section 5). The book was called Topics and has an index. It is an incisive book that creates topical applications of the Writings to intellectual modernity. I believe that every regenerating New Church person can greatly benefit by keeping a cumulative “Topics” book over the years. What a nice thing also for our children to inherit as a family study book to which they can contribute.

 

Since every individual is unique from birth to eternity, every one therefore has a unique intellectual and spiritual contribution to make to the entire race forever. This is the source of the ever increasing perfection of the Grand Human or Universal Heaven. (HH 71) Therefore we each want to make our own contribution and this is facilitated by systematic and cumulative scholarly study of the Writings. Of course, such contribution is accompanied by experiencing bliss. All that is required that we do it as a spiritual discipline according to the Doctrine of Life in our mind.

 

I can share a few strategies that I have learned to use with a search facility. I daily use public Web search engines—the most effective is google.com—as well as New Search on my computer. Let me give an illustration. I wrote down the topic Discrete Degrees in my notebook or word processor file. Then I typed “discrete degrees” (using the quotes) in the search window and got nothing. I immediately knew it’s because I mistyped the query. I correct it and hit the Enter key. About 25 results show in the window. I run my eyes up and down and note that DLW dominates, with just a few from LJP and one or two others. This tells me that DLW gives a more systematic and substantial discussion of discrete degrees.

 

My strategy next is to start with the earliest number in DLW. I read it and decide to copy it, or parts of it, and paste it into my Topics file. I make sure I note its citation (book and number). I also type any new understanding that comes with reading the paragraph. I then. Sometimes I want to click on the Next or Previous button, or else I go on the next number in the sequence of the search results.

 

As I continue doing this, the thought strikes me: “How is it possible that not a single reference is made to AC? I decide this puzzle must be solved. I type in a note so I can finish the DLW series later (I found this little detail to be very important!). I change the search query: Instead of “discrete degrees” I type discrete, hit Enter, look at the results, and note that I get a lot more references and that some of them include AC numbers. This makes sense. Now I change the query again and type discrete near degrees, and hit Enter. I note that that proximity marker for “Near” is set a 3 words. This time I get about 25 results and they appear the same as before with the query “discrete degrees.” I conclude that many number contain the phrase “discrete degrees” but others use a somewhat different phrase, yet I expect them to be relevant to the topic.

 

I type in the query discrete and degrees once more, hit Enter, and scroll to the first entry of AC and click on it. And so on with the other entries. I confirm my hypothesis as in this selection: “But degrees of height, which proceed from inmosts to outermosts, or from highest to lowest, are not continuous, but discrete.” (AC 10181)

 

I will give a second search illustration. Topic: Levels of thinking (and intellect)

 

  1. I type in the word intellectual, and hit Enter. Scrolling down, I see a long list of results.
  2. I continue typing: and rational, and hit Enter. I see a long list of results.
  3. I continue typing: and natural, and hit Enter. The list still looks long.
  4. I continue typing: and sensuous, hit Enter. This time the results are down to about 20.
  5. I inspect the list of results and note they are all from AC. I select the earliest number and read it. I select, copy, and paste into my file anything that I want to retain specifically. I make sure I mark where a skip some text using three dots … and a space on either side.
  6. I continue the list of results by selecting the next number.
  7. If I stop before completing, I make a note in my file so I can pick up again later.

 

Even if you don’t write articles or sermons this exercise is highly recommended. Every New Church mind strives to be an expert scholar in the Writings. This is why it’s called to love the Writings. Since the Writings are the Lord in the Word of His Second Coming, it is the Lord we love when we love the Writings. And if we neglect the Writings, it is the Lord whom we avoid. And of course when you have children you want to be able to teach them how to daily study the Writings for life. If you do it, it is easier for them to do it later in adult life when they will need it for their reformation and regeneration.

 

All dualities are unique permanent distinctions that never cease to eternity (DLW 226).

 

For such of them as believe the Word, believe it everywhere according to the letter, and not according to its interior meaning; and those who so believe cannot be in any light, for light from heaven flows in through the internal into the external. (AC 10522)

 

Studying the Writings as the Word in a systematic way is a mental discipline of utmost importance to the formation of the New Church mind. I have discovered the following method of study that has been very useful indeed and so I would highly recommend it. It consists of the substitution technique that serious students of the Writings no doubt use either unknowingly or consciously. This technique works because the dualities in the Writings are always arranged in series that are connected or correspondential.

 

4. Without The Spiritual Sense We Fall Into New Church Idolatries

 

"The Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite, and the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite, and the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite" were so many nations, by which are signified also so many different idolatries. "And afterwards were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad," signifies that all other forms of idolatrous worship are derived from these. (AC 1204)

 

Applying this passage to the New Church mind, we can discover what forms of New Church idolatries we are too look out for by searching the Writings where these explications are given.

 

In the internal sense of the Word these nations are not signified, but the idolatries themselves in general, with whomsoever and wheresoever they are; specifically, among the Jews. For they who make worship consist merely in externals, and are entirely unwilling to know internal things, and when instructed reject them, are very prone to all these idolatries, as is clearly manifest from the Jews. In internal worship alone is there a bond that withholds man from idolatry; and when this ceases, there is nothing that restrains.

 

There are however interior idolatries, as well as external ones. They who have external worship without internal rush into external idolatries; they who have external worship whose interiors are unclean rush into interior idolatries; and both these kinds of idolatries are signified by these nations. Interior idolatries are so many falsities and cupidities which men love and adore, and which are thus in place of the gods and idols that existed among the Gentiles.

 

But what particular kinds of falsities and cupidities are those which are adored, and which are signified by these nations-the Jebusite, Amorite, Girgashite, Hivite, Arkite, Sinite, Arvadite, Zemarite, and Hamathite-it would take too long to explain here; but of the Lord's Divine mercy it will be told in the places where their names occur. (AC 1205)

 

Here we are instructed that if we remain in the Letter of the Writings without acknowledging and searching for its spiritual, we are going to fall into New Church idolatries: “They who have external worship without internal rush into external idolatries.” The expression “external worship” used here refers to the worship of the Letter of the Writings. This is the unregenerate state of the New Church mind prior to reformation, and is called the “Jewish” state, here and in many other places. To deny the idea that the Letter of the Writings are written in pure correspondences, is to worship the Lord in His Second Coming, but only in His Divine Corporeal and Sensuous. It is to deny the Lord in His Divine Rational, for this is the spiritual sense of the Word of the Writings. This is called an idolatry, for the Letter of the Word by itself is dead (xx) and to worship this Letter is to adore relics, holy places, and rituals that have no spiritual meaning by themselves without the internal spiritual where the life is exclusively.

 

It is said that “In internal worship alone is there a bond that withholds man from idolatry; and when this ceases, there is nothing that restrains.” The internal worship in the New Church mind is the worship of the spiritual sense within the Letter. This spiritual sense makes up the Doctrine of the Church, which is holy and Divine, the Lord Himself coming to His New Church. The Spiritual Doctrine cannot be found in the Letter, through its literal meaning. It can only be found within the Letter, by perceiving it when enlightened by the Lord. Denying that the Letter of the Writings is written in pure correspondences makes it impossible to receive enlightenment. We are warned that without looking for the spiritual sense “there is nothing that restrains man from idolatry.”

 

The passage tells us that we can know what “particular kinds of falsities and cupidities” the New Church mind can fall into, by searching for it in the Writings: I was able to find these:

 

 

Citation

New Church idolatries from the Letter without the spiritual

 

Representative nation

AC 1867, 6898, 6860

persuasions of falsity from evils; those steeped in evils that arise from falsities; those steeped in what is idolatrous but has some kind of goodness and truth in it

 

Jebusite

AC 1857

evil in general

 

Amorite

AC 1867

falsities from evils

 

Girgashite

AC 4431, 4433, 6889

interior truth and doctrinal things of charity falsified; those steeped in evils and falsities

Hivite,

AC 1204, 1205

unspecified idolatries

Arkite, Sinite, Arvadite, Zemarite, Hamathite

 

Further research of the Letter needs to be done to discover how we are to understand the difference between these states, as for instance, the difference between “evil in general” (Amorite) vs. “falsities from evils” (Girgashite).

 

5. The Substitution Technique For Dualities In The Writings

 

You will recognize the following fundamental duality in the Writings and its sub-components that are mentioned very frequently:

 

THE FUNDAMENTAL DUALITY IN THE WRITINGS

With a few of its innumerable sub-dualities

 

Divine

Esse

Good

Love

Charity

Will

Heart

Spiritual.

And

And

And

And

And

And

And

And

Human

Existere

Truth

Wisdom

Faith

Thought

Lungs

Natural.

 

There is a general duality here as well as more specific sub-dualities in the hierarchical series. The substitution technique consists in taking a particular element from one duality in a sentence and substituting an element from another particular duality. For example, a sentence that says something about the heart and lungs can be read with the substitution using the “will” for “heart” and the “understanding” for ”lungs.” This type of exercise is recommended in the Writings, as shown next.

 

For more discussion on the substitution technique see my article listed in Note 22 at the end.

 

6. Will And Understanding

 

Nothing is more important than to know how the will and understanding make one mind. (TCR 397)

 

Whoever is willing to investigate may perceive that affection is the life of thought, also that such as the affection is such is the thought, consequently when one burns the other burns, and when one grows cold the other grows cold. When, therefore, a man is glad he thinks with gladness, when he is sad he thinks with sadness, likewise when he is angry he thinks angrily, and so forth. From your higher thought enter into your lower and attend and you will see. There is a like conjunction of love and wisdom, because all affection is of love and all thought is of wisdom. There is a like conjunction of will and understanding, for love is of the will and wisdom is of the understanding. There is a like conjunction of good and truth, because good is of love and truth is of wisdom, as has been shown in the preceding article.

(…)

There is a full correspondence in man between the heart and the will, and between the lungs and the understanding; therefore from the conjunction of the heart and lungs we may gain instruction concerning the conjunction of the will and the understanding, and thus concerning the conjunction of love and wisdom. From the parallelism established between the heart and lungs and the will and understanding, it can be seen that: (etc.)

(D. Wis. 10) (See also: DLW 384)

 

The “parallelism” mentioned here is what I’ve called the substitution technique. This parallelism is explored in detail in the rest of this Number (not shown above), specifically how the blood is purified in the lungs and what this implies therefore about how the will is purified in the understanding. The physiological details that come from scientific research in anatomy are used by parallel substitution to reveal how the will is purified in the understanding. This amazing scientific method of investigation will in the future be of great value to psychology, when it becomes a dualist science. Other areas are illustrated in this Number, namely the physical facts we know about language and speech, music and sound. (For further exploration of this topic, see Note 14 at end).

 

Now let’s consider a substitution technique in a somewhat different application. We start with this sentence:

 

It is the understanding which acts from the will, not the will which acts by means of the understanding. (TCR 105)

 

The parallel substitutions allowable can be selected from lists and arrangements such as this list on the next page:


 

THE SUBSTIUTION TECHNIQUE

FOR DUALITIES IN THE WRITINGS

 

PARALLELS

TO THE WILL

PARALLELS

TO THE UNDERSTANDING

 

Divine (or Divine Itself)

Human (or Divine Human)

Esse

Existere

Love

Wisdom

Father

Son

Celestial

Spiritual

Interior

Exterior

Uncreate

Created

Affection

Thought

Source

Cause

Good

Truth

Goal

Plan

Substance

Form

Wife

Husband

Charity

Faith

Etc.

Etc.

Etc.

Etc.

 


 

Applying this table of substitution, we generate these statements:

 

It is the Divine Human which acts from the Divine Itself, not the Divine Itself which acts by means of the Human

 

It is the Son which acts from the Father, not the Father which acts by means of the Son

 

It is the husband which acts from the wife, not the wife which acts by means of the husband

 

It is the plan which acts from the goal, not the goal which acts by means of the plan

 

It is the external natural mind which acts from the internal spiritual mind, not the spiritual mind which acts by means of the natural mind

 

Etc. Etc.

 

Whether you say faith, or truth, it is the same thing, and whether you say good or charity, it is the same thing; moreover, this is as it is with man's thought and affection. (SE 5945)

 

[faith – truth] [good – charity] [affection / thought] [good / faith] [charity / truth] affection / faith] [truth - thought] [affection / truth] [good / truth] [charity / faith] [truth – faith] etc.

 

For whether you say heaven, or Divine truth, it is the same, because the angels, of whom heaven consists, are receptions of Divine truth (AC 10608)

 

[heaven – Divine truth] [angels – Divine truth] [heaven – angels]

 

Whether you say will or love it is the same, for what a man loves he wills; so whether you say that the spirit of man cannot resist his will, or that it cannot resist his love, it is the same. (AE 105) (See also: DLW 378)

 

[will / love] [love / spirit] [will / spirit]

 

For whether you say evil or the devil it is the same; and, on the other hand, whether you say good or the Lord it is the same, for the Lord is within all good, and the devil is within all evil. (DP 233)

 

[evil – devil] [good – the Lord]

 

"no one knoweth the Son but the Father," is because by the "Son" is meant the Divine truth, and by the "Father," the Divine good, both in the Lord (AC 10067)

 

[Father / Son] [Divine Good / Divine Truth]

 

Whether you say heaven or heavenly joy it is the same thing. (HH 397)

 

[heaven – heavenly joy]

 

When it is afterwards stated that everything of the will and the understanding, or everything of love and wisdom, or everything of affection and thought in a man who is led by the Lord, has relation to good and truth, it follows that all that such a man wills and understands, or every activity of his love and wisdom, or of his affection and thought, is from the Lord. (DP 157)

 

[will / understanding] [love / wisdom] [will-love] understanding-wisdom] [affection / thought] [affection / understanding] [affection-will] [affection-love] [understanding-thought] [will / thought] [love / thought] [love / understanding] [good / truth] [good-will] [good-love] [good / wisdom] [good-affection] [good / thought] [good / understanding] [good-will] [will / truth]

 

Whether you say "the church with man;" or whether you say "heaven with him;" or whether you say "the kingdom of God with him;" or whether you say "the Lord with him," it is the same. (AC 10357)

 

[the church with man - heaven with him]

[the kingdom of God with him - the church with man]

[the church with man - heaven with him]

[the kingdom of God with him - heaven with him]

 

Whether you say faith or conscience it is the same. By faith is meant the faith by means of which there is charity, and which is from charity, thus charity itself; for faith without charity is no faith; and as faith is not possible without charity, so neither is conscience. (AC 2325)

 

[faith – conscience] [charity / faith] [charity – conscience]

 

If they are not elevated together, love or the will is defiled in and by the intellect. (DLW 421)

 

[love-will] [love / intellect] [will / intellect]

 

7. Cross/Parallels And Within-Parallels

 

Note carefully that some sentences give cross/parallels while others give within-parallels. [Will / understanding] or [love / wisdom] are cross / parallels. But [Heaven – truth] or [good – Lord] are within-parallels. If you mix these up the substitution technique no longer yields rational parallelisms but confusing nonsense. Take heed. You cannot apply what it says about the [heart / lungs] to any within-parallels like [faith – truth] or [will – affection]. But you can apply what it says about the lungs to any member of the within-parallels such as faith, truth, understanding, thoughts, etc. Similarly you can apply what it says about the heart to within-parallels such as good, will, love, affection, goal, etc.

 

You will note that I keep the two separate by using the notation [ / ] for cross / parallels and the notation [ - ] for within-parallels.

 

Note carefully that the order of cross/parallels is always patterned after the sequence [will / understanding] and [love / truth] etc. You cannot interchange this order. Take heed.

 

But the order within-parallels is interchangeable. You can say [faith – truth] or [truth – faith]; or you can say [husband – truth] or truth – husband] and [love – wife] or [wife – love].

 

Doing the above exercise to a variety of passages you might select, is very useful for increasing the discrete dualities we must think from in the New Church mind. The following illustrates some particular applications:

 

It is the understanding which acts from the will, not the will which acts by means of the understanding. (TCR 105)

 

Substitutions based on the table of parallels above:

 

It is the cognitive which acts from the affective, not the affective which acts by means of the cognitive.

 

[affective / cognitive]

 

It is the truth which acts from the good, not the good which acts by means of the truth.

 

[good / truth]

 

It is the Son which acts from the Father, not the Father which acts by means of the Son.

 

[Father / Son]

 

It is the husband which acts from the wife, not the wife which acts by means of the husband.

 

[wife / husband]

 

It is the lung which acts from the heart, not the heart which acts by means of the lung.

 

[heart / lung]

 

It is the thinking which acts from the feeling, not the feeling which acts by means of the thinking.

 

[feeling / thinking]

 

It is the plan which acts from the goal, not the goal which acts by means of the plan.

 

[goal / plan]

 

It is the cause which acts from the source, not the source which acts by means of the cause.

 

[source / cause]

 

It is the existere which acts from the esse, not the esse which acts by means of the existere.

 

[esse / existere]

 

I find that as I reflect on each substitution, new insights are perceived.

 

8. Reading The Writings As The Word

 

That it may be still more manifest how the case herein is, let us take this example: They who are in the affirmative that the Writings has been so written as to possess an internal sense which does not appear in the letter, can confirm themselves therein by many rational considerations; as that by the Writings man has connection with heaven; that there are correspondences of natural things with spiritual, in which the spiritual are not seen; that the ideas of interior thought are altogether different from the material ideas which fall into the words of language; that man, being born for both lives, can, while in the world, be also in heaven, by means of the Writings which is for both worlds; that with some persons a certain Divine light flows into the things of the understanding, and also into the affections, when the Writings is read; that it is of necessity that there should be something written that has come down from heaven, and that therefore the Writings cannot be such in its origin as it is in the letter; and that it can be holy only from a certain holiness that it has within it. (AC 2588:6)

[“the Writings” substituted for “the Word” in original]

 

When we acknowledge the Writings as the Lord in His Word we at first do so from a distance, not yet from within. It is a creed, formal or informal, that bestows status and distinctiveness. This is called external religion. The New Church religion is received first in the natural mind from formal education or by means of self-study. In my case, I received the Writings as the Word from self-study, having discovered the Writings in the library, and only later heard of others who also considered the Writings as the Word. Some of these were members of a Specific New Church, others were not. This pattern is going to exist always. How can it be otherwise? Regardless of how one receives the Writings, the truths we see in it appear as our own. It seems to us that we have these truths by figuring out what the Writings say about this or that. We do not yet know or understand that these truths are not yet spiritual. It appears to us that they are spiritual because the discussion is about spiritual things—Who the Lord is, what is sin, what is salvation, what is good and true, what the commandments are, what heaven is like, who is in hell, and the like.

 

These appear as spiritual to us on account of their subject matter. But what is happening is that they we understand these subjects in a natural way. The concept we form of each of these things is a natural concept, not spiritual. We do not understand the literal sentences of the Writings in a rational way even though the topics they discuss is rational and spiritual. We can write a review of a book or passage, and even a lecture that sounds like spiritual things are treated of. But each time we use the words—Lord, sin, heaven, the Word, love, temptation, spiritual, celestial—we use the words in a natural sense. The rational and spiritual meaning or sense of these words is not available to our conscious mind. This begins to change to the extent that we begin our reformation, and then go through the gradual steps of regeneration all the way to the end of life on earth, and then it continues in heaven.

 

We begin our reformation when we start thinking and willing in daily life in accordance with the literal sentences we understand. The literal sentences of the Writings use a style that is called “rational.” This style of the Writings is contrastive with the style in which the other two portions of the Word are written. The Hebrew Old Testament is written in a natural style. There are almost no concepts that go beyond this natural. God means external omnipotence and omnipresence, punishing those who transgress the commandments and Divine regulations and injunctions. These punishments are of the body and consequent suffering of the mind. Sin is the external act of transgressing. Heaven and hell are places into which we get admitted or kept prisoner. This is the level of thinking of the Old Testament. The literal has no spiritual topics.

 

The Greek New Testament has a style that is more interior. The topics it discusses are not about the physical world but about another world called spiritual. God means Divine operation inwardly, not merely outwardly. The concept of the Trinity as three aspects of the One God, each fulfilling a different function, is not a natural concept but spiritual. The three functions are Creation, Redemption, and Regeneration. This topic is about spiritual things, not natural. Sin is not merely an outward act, but an inward motive, intention, or arrogance. Heaven is not a place on earth but a state “within you.”

 

Heaven is in the man; and there is a place for him in heaven according to the state of life and of faith in which he is (AC 9305)

 

Clearly then, the style of writing of the Greek New Testament is more spiritual than the literal sentences or topics of the Hebrew Old Testament.

 

The third and last portion of the Word is the Latin Third Testament, as one might call the Writings. The style of writings of the sentences is rational. In the Greek New Testament the topic is spiritual but the style is natural. This is called natural-spiritual. In this style the mind is immersed in the “mystery” of religion. The natural level of thinking sees all spiritual topics as a mystery. The New Testament presents many parables that are only dimly understood. The New Testament mind looks for miracles and is delighted and impressed by them. Therefore the idea of “blind faith” becomes paramount. Too much investigating into the meaning of mystery has not been encouraged in Christianity. Those who do this tend to lose their Christian faith and become agnostics or nondualists in religion. Clearly a new revelation had to be given that extracts the mind from the morass of mystery. This is why the sentences of the Writings are in a rational style.

 

As we start reading the Writings and hearing lectures on it, we are challenged intellectually. We have to make a great effort in figuring out what the sentences mean and how they fit with other sentences. We have to create context and make comparisons across passages in order to resolve apparent contradictions. We only have clarity of understanding as we engage in rational and systematic thinking—similar to going to school and taking a difficult subject that requires work and study. All this intellectual work is not called forth by the content and structure of the New Testament. Now we can figure out that God is the Lord, and that the Lord has appeared to humankind through a series of revelations, each more advanced than the previous. We can see that this God is Human and is activated in Himself by Divine Love and Divine Wisdom. He creates a spiritual world within, and a natural world without, and the two linked together through Laws Correspondence that operate by rational symbolisms or meanings.

 

Sin is not something that the Lord punishes or does not forgive, but a love that builds up the spiritual mind in an infernal way. We understand that we inherit an inclination towards sin and we must be regenerated to be saved (CL 202). This regeneration is a gradual process and is successful to the extent we cooperate as-of self by opposing our loves and denying ourselves from engaging in them. This then builds a new character that can live in heaven. All this is talking about spiritual things in a rational way.

 

You can see that we can think or talk about spiritual things in three ways—natural, natural-spiritual, and rational. Three portions of the Word had to be given at different times in history because the level of thinking of human evolution restricted the style of discussing and presenting spiritual ideas. When we read the Writings prior to our reformation we think naturally about spiritual things there that are discussed rationally. But once reformation begins, we start thinking the sentences of the Writings less naturally, and more rationally. Edward Hyatt (1854-1906), a clear sighted New Church mind, was able to see the Writings as the Word in relation to the prior portions that were given:

 

Here is indicated the difference between the various forms of the Word which are all written in pure correspondences, but in correspondences more or less remote. The most remote correspondences were used in the Ancient Word, less remote ones in the Word of the Old Testament, still less remote ones in the Word of the New Testament, and less remote ones yet in the Writings. In the latter they are so much less remote that some fail to recognize that they are written in correspondences, when nevertheless reflection on the nature of the Word as now made clear by Revelations will show that the Word, that is, Divine Revelation, cannot be given otherwise than in correspondent forms, and that this is so even in the heavens although the correspondences there are even less remote than in the Writings – in the highest heaven least so of all.

(Edward S. Hyatt, Sermons on the Word. Swedenborg Genootschap, 1935, p. 214)

 

9. Rational Understanding Of Spiritual Things

 

When regeneration proceeds, we begin to develop rational understanding of the spiritual things presented in the Writings. The more we think and will daily in accordance with our new rational understanding of spiritual things, the more interior the rational becomes. Interior rational understanding is a level of thinking called rational-spiritual. This level is a discrete degree higher than the natural-spiritual.

 

But this happens only with those who read the Writings as the Lord’s Word in His Second Coming. Without this, there is no mechanism for raising the level of thinking from the natural and the external rational, which is natural. This acknowledgement, to the extent it is sincere and total, provides the spiritual power or growth that opens the spiritual mind and gives it intellectual life. No spiritual development or regeneration can take place without this acknowledgment, and then only to the extent it is sincere or actual, rather than something external due to one’s membership in a belief-group or Church. This is merely one’s external religion or philosophy.

 

Later, in adult life, when we begin reformation and regeneration, we enter into the internal religion (AE 803; AC 8780; AC 3518:[2]). Until this time our external religion and worship is not yet spiritual but natural (NJHD 174). As we enter more interior phases of regeneration our earlier general view of the Writings as the Lord in His Word becomes more particular. Now we can accept new things. For instance, we can accept that the Writings are the Word in the same sense as the Old and New Testament are the Word. As soon as we have this closer love, we can begin to read the Writings in a new way.

 

Enlightenment is the influx, perception, and instruction people receive from the Lord when they read the Word. (AC 10215)

 

The inward level of meaning in the Word cannot be seen at all unless the meaning of the letter is almost blotted out. This applies also in other things, as in philosophical material, when the mind dwells on the words by themselves, as on trivialities; or when a person is absorbed in outer and physical objects. A like principle applies when it comes to the more inward level of meaning. See also Knowledge, Wisdom, Learned, Preach. [Word; Inward; Philosophy; Outer] … When the mind dwells on the words by themselves, the inward meaning does not show itself. (SE 99)

 

Test yourself and see what feedback you get: Can you read the above sentences and substitute the Writings for the Word?

 

Enlightenment is the influx, perception, and instruction people receive from the Lord when they read the Writings. (AC 10215)

 

Keep trying the test with new passages.

 

Here is another one:

 

For such of them as believe the Word, believe it everywhere according to the letter, and not according to its interior meaning; and those who so believe cannot be in any light, for light from heaven flows in through the internal into the external. (AC 10522)

 

Wherever we come across a sentence that refers to “the Word” substitute “the Writings” in that sentence. If you do this without your mind opposing it a whole new vision of meaning is revealed about the Writings. Until we are willing to do this exercise, we know very little specific things about the Writings beyond the affirmation that it is the Word, that the Lord is behind it, that Swedenborg took nothing from the angels but only from the Lord, that it is Divinely inspired, that the angels also read it in their own spiritual language, and that there are passages that appear to be in error or use outdated scientific illustrations or beliefs held by Swedenborg. That’s not very specific considering what happens when you substitute “the Writings” wherever you see “the Word.” Now all of a sudden there are thousands of sentences that make specific assertions about the Writings. These sentences you remember reading before, but you automatically took them as something being said about the Old Testament or the New Testament—correct?

 

10. Enhancing The Base Of Knowledge About The Writings

 

Now your base of knowledge about the Writings is enhanced a thousand fold as you process the sentences thinking “the Writings” when the literal says “the Word.” Let’s take an example and see:

 

For such of them as believe the Word, believe it everywhere according to the letter, and not according to its interior meaning; and those who so believe cannot be in any light, for light from heaven flows in through the internal into the external. (AC 10522)

 

In the internal or spiritual sense of the Word there are innumerable arcana.

 

The Word in its internal sense contains innumerable things which transcend the human comprehension

 

The internal sense of the Word contains arcana of heaven, which relate to the Lord and His kingdom in the heavens and on earth.

 

These arcana do not appear in the sense of the letter.

 

Innumerable things are contained in each single thing of the Word.

(NJHD 260)

 

Now let’s make the substitution:

 

For such of them as believe the Writings, believe it everywhere according to the letter, and not according to its interior meaning; and those who so believe cannot be in any light, for light from heaven flows in through the internal into the external. (AC 10522)

 

In the internal or spiritual sense of the Writings there are innumerable arcana.

The Writings in its internal sense contains innumerable things which transcend the human comprehension

 

The internal sense of the Writings contains arcana of heaven, which relate to the Lord and His kingdom in the heavens and on earth. These arcana do not appear in the sense of the letter.

 

Innumerable things are contained in each single thing of the Writings.

(NJHD 260)

 

Does it feel strange to read the substitution paragraph? I find it illuminating and enlightening—but I have no attitudinal objections to the idea that the Writings are the Word in the full sense that the Old and New Testaments are the Word. I see them as a set of Three Testaments given for three dispensations—Jewish Church, Christian Church, and New Church. There is a rational continuity and a historical sequence in these three so that when the Third Testament is given, the series is complete and perfect. It appears obvious to me that the Writings make up this third component in the Word. Therefore I do not experience any hesitation when I apply this substitution technique in my mind as I read the Writings. This idea I do not have from myself but from the literal of the Writings. The literal of the Writings discuss the three sets of revelations—Hebrew Word, Greek Word, the Writings, and how they are connected and form a unit. This is why the Writings calls itself as the Crown of all Churches (TCR 786), as a Divine revelation given by the greatest miracle ever given, namely the opening of the eyes of a man who can describe rationally what he saw in the spiritual world and how its related to the threefold Word (INV 43).

 

And I can report that many interior truths are opened to the conscious understanding when one reads the Writings with the substitution in mind. These are insights that become crystal clear and when done consistently, takes our love for the Writings into higher discrete degree, which is the spiritual proper. And it is the same whether we say our love of the Writings or our love for the Lord because the Writings are the Lord. We know that the Old and New Testament are the Lord because they are the Word and the Word is the Lord (AC 8200, CL 516). Clearly, acknowledging the Writings as the Lord in His Word in fully the same sense as the Old and New Testament is a stance the New Church mind should adopt and adore.

 

Perhaps you can readily overcome your natural objections you have from education and habit of thinking. This is a matter of choice, and you can come down on one side or on the other side of the issue. The substitution exercise will not make sense and will not “fit” as long as one remains in the objection to acknowledging the Writings as the Lord in His Word in fully the same sense as the Old and New Testament. If you try the substitution with this objection lodged in your mind, what else can happen but your mind being inundated with objections and resistances and aversions. But if you first come down on the other side of the issue and can accept the idea that the Writings as the Lord in His Word in fully the same sense as the Old and New Testament, then, if you do the substitution technique, you will be enlightened in numerous areas as you read.

 

I say numerous areas because I’m referring not merely to having insights about more interior truths about the Writings, thus being able to love the Writings even more. But chiefly I’m referring to insights about our regenerations steps day by day. This is its immense value as a studying “technique.” I can report that the things I have written in this book, and many related articles, have sprung from this closer love of the Writings brought about by elevating it to its just and real Divine level—thus as the Word in fully the same sense as the Old and New Testament. And the things that I discuss in Part 2 all deal with spiritual disciplines by which we can live to cooperate in our regeneration. This is what forms the genuine New Church mind: the minute by minute willing and thinking we do every day, that we need to monitor and constantly rearrange to fit the Writings. There is no regeneration except by means (HH 473).

 

It stands to reason therefore that we need methods and tools that give us the ability to take charge of our natural mind. This is called a spiritual discipline. By doing these spiritual disciplines for years I have been able to observe the changes in my understanding of the Writings—what each paragraph is actually talking about after I’ve figured out the literal meaning. There are many other details one can give, but I think an excellent place to start is with the substitution of “the Writings” wherever it says “the Word.” This alone will set you on a river of Providence that will take you to your own spiritual discoveries.

 

Consider some of the sentences in the substitution above. For instance,

 

The Writings in their internal sense contain innumerable things which transcend the human comprehension.

 

This makes sense if you see the Writings as the Lord in His Word. The Word has this character, namely that it contains more things in it than can be discovered by the human race and by angels to eternity (NJHD 260). This is the meaning of “innumerable things” that are said to be contained by the Word. It makes further sense if you acknowledge that the Writings are the new dispensation for the New Church called the Crown of Churches, and this is the Last Church, meaning that it will endure to all ages (De Verbo 7:8; INV 43) unlike the first two dispensations. Therefore there is not going to be another Word given for the rest of human history in the universe. Clearly this means that there must be innumerable things contained in the Writings. And this is what is asserted in the sentence we are considering.

 

11. The Letter Of The Writings Has Been Preserved

 

Consider another sentence in the paragraph:

 

Not a single expression, and not even a single iota can be omitted from the sense of the letter of the Writings, without causing an interruption in the internal sense; wherefore, by the Lord's Divine Providence, the Writings have been preserved entire, as to every word and every tittle.

 

That the Writings “have been preserved” refers to the Divinity of the Writings as fully the Word. In other words, the Lord made sure that Swedenborg’s limited mind, knowledge, and observations did not interfere with the Writings being created and formed by the Lord Himself. This is their Divinity. Those who acknowledge that the Writings are “divinely inspired” withhold their assent to the affirmation that they are the Word. And those who acknowledge the Writings as the Lord in His Word, withhold their assent from the affirmation that they are the Word as fully and in the same sense as the Old and New Testament. Obviously there are three steps to be made here in terms of how one can love the Writings. They are three inward steps of discrete degrees from external natural, to spiritual-rational, to celestial-rational. These three steps correspond to the three heavens and their influx into our mind (De Verbo 3).

 

All three heavens possess the Writings (xx), but in discrete degrees of closeness, corresponding to the three discrete degrees of love the angels have for the Lord. The angels of the first heaven understand the Writings at the natural-spiritual level. Those in the second, at the rational-spiritual level, and the angels in the third or highest heaven, at the celestial-rational level (SS 64). All three levels are spiritual, but varying in interior degrees (DLW 202). When we read the Writings, the angels who are in communication with us by correspondential influx, are delighted by the thoughts they receive from our reading (NJHD 259). But the delight or love is different with the inhabitants of the three heavens. And this difference is discrete (DLW 202).

 

For example the amount of spiritual understanding of the Writings by the angels of the second heaven is represented by the light of the moon, while that of the angels in the third heaven, by the light of the noonday sun (De Verbo 3). As we progress in our regeneration we are given to be with higher angels, and this means that we can consciously understand more interior truths about the Writings. And this is equivalent to saying that we love the Lord with a greater love that we are capable of receiving from Him. This greater capacity of receiving the Lord love is mediated by the more interior truths that we can understand in the Writings.

 

Consider one more sentence in the paragraph quoted above:

 

Many things contained in the prophets, appear there as detached, which in the internal sense are connected in a beautiful continuous series.

 

If you have already accepted the idea that the Writings are the Word, and Divine, and every word contains innumerable things in the internal sense, then what occurs when you read this sentence? Not an opposition or objection, but a question like this one: What are “the prophets” in relation to the Writings? And the answer is something we must ask for from the Lord who is the Writings. We read in AC 2534 that “in the sense of the letter "prophet" signifies those to whom revelation is made.” Therefore “the prophets” in the Writings are those who study and teach its internal sense because this sense must be revealed and cannot be intuited or inferred by one’s own intelligence. The sentence refers to two things: (1) the internal sense of the Writings (“in the prophets”) and (2) the internal sense of the prophets, which means, the revelation of more interior truths contained in the Writings. It is asserted that these more interior truths are arranged in a celestial series that is marvelous and enlightening to behold.

 

Additional examples of the substitution technique will be found in the introductory comments at the beginning of Chapter 9.

 

The Word by means of doctrine is not only understood, but it also as it were gives light; because without doctrine it is not understood, and it is like a lamp stand without a light, as was shown above. The Word, therefore, by means of doctrine is understood, and is like a lamp stand with its lamp lit. Man then sees more things than he had seen before, and he also understands those things which he had not understood before. Things obscure and out of agreement he either does not notice and passes over, or he sees and explains them as in agreement with doctrine.

(…)

Doctrine, however, must not only be taken from the sense of the Letter of the Word, but it must also be confirmed by that sense. For if not confirmed by it, the truth of doctrine appears as if it were only man's intelligence in it and not the Lord's Divine Wisdom; and thus doctrine would be like a house in the air, and not on the ground, and consequently without a foundation.

(SS 54)

 

12. An Example Of Spiritual Mathematics In The Writings

 

Consider this sentence:

 

He who does not know the signification of numbers in the Writings, … cannot know the many arcana which are contained therein.

 

Think of the implications this points to! This sentence says that a whole new science of spiritual mathematics is revealed in the Writings of Swedenborg. Future research will discover the relationship between the content of a paragraph and its number. Swedenborg carefully numbered the segments that make up each book of the Writings. Swedenborg scholars call these segments “number,” e.g., “In the same Number it is stated that…” or “In another Number there is comparable…” Arcana Coelestia, the longest of the Works, is in 12 volumes and contains 10,837 numbers. Some Numbers have only one sentence, most have several paragraphs. Apocalypse Revealed has the longest Numbers with dozens of paragraphs. In addition, Swedenborg gave many cross references to prior Numbers and also across volumes and titles. It is customary in New Church sermons to select a passage from one Number and to discuss its content as the theme of the sermon. Besides the digits relating to Numbers, there are others relating to quantity, time, rank orders, and quotes of numbers from the Old and New Testaments.

 

Clearly there is a tremendous research area that theistic science can explore in the future. Spiritual mathematics is the true science of mathematics since spiritual phenomena are the causes of natural phenomena. The mathematics of materialistic science has evolved without awareness of the causes that create the observations mathematicians have made about numbers and their properties. Now, through the Writings, spiritual mathematics can at last be developed. This knowledge will uncover the relation between the arrangement of truths and the arrangement of the physical universe. Also, the principles of transformations that govern correspondences across discrete degrees. Perhaps even the ability to control chemical reactions to produce energy or new materials with more advanced properties (e.g., artificial intelligence as a property of its elements, or enhanced medicinal properties of compounds).

 

An illustration of spiritual mathematics may be given regarding the significance of “June 19”—the date the marks the completion of the Lord’s Second coming. As quoted earlier, this the note Swedenborg appended to the last book of the Writings titled The True Christian Religion:

 

NOTE

After the completion of this book, the Lord called together His twelve disciples, who had followed Him in the world; and a day later He sent them all forth throughout the spiritual world to preach the Gospel, that the Lord God Jesus Christ is king, and His kingdom shall be for ever and ever, as foretold by Daniel (7:13, 14) and in Revelation (11:15):

 

Blessed are they who come to the wedding supper of the Lamb Rev. 19:9.

 

This happened on the nineteenth of June in the year 1770. This was meant by the Lord's saying:

He will send his angels, and they will gather together His chosen people from the bounds of the heavens on one side as far as the bounds of the heavens on the other. Matt. 24:31.

(TCR 791)

 

Since every detail of the Word contains infinite secrets that can be extracted from it (AC 6620) it is clear that June 19 has significant things in it that are no doubt to be discovered by spiritual mathematics in the coming ages. I can only give an abstract illustration that is very general. June is the 6th month and 6 represents completion:

 

6 signifies the same as 3 multiplied by 2, and 3 signifies what is full and all, and is predicated of truths (n. 505), while 2 signifies the marriage of truth and good; and as 6 is composed of those two numbers multiplied by each other, they therefore signify every truth of good in the Word (AR 610)

 

The date 6/19 contains the number 3 in “6” and in “9” in somewhat different ways. The number 6 is 3+3 or 2x3, and the number 9 is 3+3+3 or 3x3. While 6 refers to a completion of a work, 9 refers to its fullness. The number 1 which is part of “19” refers to the Lord since in the Lord infinite things make a One (DLW 17). Therefore “19” contains the idea of “the Lord’s Work in Fullness” and 6 contains the idea of “completion.” Clearly then, 6/19 is a historical date on earth marking the “completion of the Lord’s Work in Fullness,” which is a reference to the Crown of Churches, or the New Church being established in the Writings as the Word of the Lord’s Second Coming (De Verbo 7:8; INV 43).

 

Here are a few more things the Writings reveal about spiritual mathematics in the Word:

 

The number "three," also the number "seven," and the number "twelve," enfold deep secrets within them, must be evident to everyone who examines the Word in regard to its interiors; and if these numbers are so full of significance, it follows that there must be something deeply hidden in all the other numbers that occur in the Word, for the Word is holy throughout. … From this experience I learned that every number mentioned in the Word holds within it some mystery

(…)

He measured the wall of the Holy Jerusalem a hundred and forty-four cubits, which is the measure of a man, that is, of an angel (Rev. 21:17).

 

He that hath intelligence let him compute the number of the beast, for it is the number of a man, and his number is six hundred and sixty six (Rev. 13:18).

 

That the number first mentioned-"144"-results from the multiplication of twelve into itself, and that the number "666" is a product of three and six, is manifest, but what holy thing they enfold within them may appear from the holiness of the number "twelve" (see n. 577, 2089, 2129, 2130, 3272, 3858, 3913), and of the number "three" (n. 720, 901, 1825, 2788, 4010).

 

[3] This latter number-"three"-being significative of what is complete even to the end, (AC 4495)

 

That holy things are signified by "seven" is evident from what has been said before respecting the seventh day, or the Sabbath (n. 84-87), namely, that the Lord is the seventh day; and that from Him every celestial church, or celestial man, is a seventh day, and indeed the celestial itself, which is most holy because it is from the Lord alone. For this reason, in the Word, "seven" signifies what is holy; and in fact, as here, in the internal sense partakes not at all of the idea of number. (TCR 716)

 

ABOUT NUMBERS IN HEAVEN.

Sometimes numbers appear, a paper filled with them; they also appear on the walls - which signify such things as the celestials think; but scarcely anyone is able to know them except those who belong to such [i.e. celestial] heaven. When the numbers are simple - as, for example, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, etc., to 12 - then they have a significance according to those things which are described in the Arcana Coelestia; but when they are compound, they have another sense: for example, 90356/358. These signify, God be with thee; and every single number something: the sense named, however, is according to those things which are above [referred to]. [Take] 358, here. These numbers, which are here and there, determine the sense into such a series. They who are of that [i.e. celestial] kingdom, understand immediately; and this without instruction, as if of themselves. Every single idea has its own number. In general, even numbers correspond to good, as 2, 4, 8, and odd numbers - as 3, 9 - to truth. (AC 5571)

 

Consider another example: two parallel passages in the New Testament that talk about “The Triumphal Entry” of the Lord on that First Palm Sunday:

 

Jesus entered Jerusalem and went to the temple. (Mark 11:11)

Then he entered the temple area (Luke 19:45)

 

The Mark passage is in Chapter 11, Verse 11. The reference is 11:11 which is made entirely of the number 1. As already pointed out in the preceding example, the number 1 refers to the Lord. This “Triumphal Entry” is marked four times. The number 4 signifies temptation, and especially the Lord’s temptations and combats with the hells for the salvation of the human race:

 

The things which Abraham spoke with Jehovah concerning the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah, the angels perceive nothing else than the Lord's intercession for the human race; and by five, forty-five, forty, thirty, twenty, and ten, they perceive His intercession for those with whom truths should be adjoined to goods, and who should have goods by means of temptations and combats, or by means of other states. (AC 2135)

 

We can see from this that Mark 11:11 is a number address for the Lord in the Gospel of Mark. His entry into Jerusalem and the Temple was an act that represented His entry into the minds of humans so that He could save them. For this was the salvation process: having Him in our mind. This truth is therefore the truth of truths of regeneration. Hence it is marked by several digits of the number 1. Four signifies temptations and combats against them. Here is expressed the truth that salvation is not merely an acknowledgment of the Lord but a re-arrangement of one’s willing and thinking in our daily activities. This re-arrangement we resist on account of our affections and blindnesses. The Lord removes them by using temptations and combats as a Divine Therapy process. We must be willing to suffer mental anguish and doubts as we face our affections in disorder. This one can see in the Mark 11:11 reference--the Lord’s entry into our mind to manage our re-arrangement through the process of gradual regeneration. Without Him and His constant co-Presence before our conscious mind, the process cannot begin, and once begun, cannot go on. Hence the close tie between 1 (the Lord) and 4 (temptations of regeneration).

 

Now consider the parallel passage in Luke:

 

Then he entered the temple area (Luke 19:45)

 

The reference verse is 19:45 which has the number 19 already analyzed in the previous example. It means the Lord’s Work in fullness. The Work referred to is His role in our regeneration as He manages the temptations and the combats we are willing to suffer at any one time. This is the Lord’s Work. The Sabbath rest means that regeneration is far along so that no temptations are necessary. This is the mental state when we enter heaven. Regeneration then continues to eternity, though without temptations (AC 8968). The number 19 signifies the Lord’s Work in Fullness in our mind. The Fullness is proportional to our cooperation, which means our willingness to change everything about our daily willing and thinking.

 

The number 45 refers to temptations as evident from the quote just above

 

forty-five … His intercession for those … who should have goods by means of temptations and combats (AC 2135)

 

From this it is clear that the parallel passage in Luke 19:45 refers to the same think as Mark 11:11. Using the language of spiritual mathematics they both refer to regeneration: specifically, the Lord’s Work in our mind through temptations and combats. The numbers assert that this Divine Work in our willing and thinking, is salvation—a fact taught in the Writings in many places (e.g., TCR 142; AC 986)

 

The human mind is null, when a person is born, but it is formed by things of this world. Therefore it must necessarily be reformed in order to become spiritual. [Mind; Regeneration; Spiritual things] (SE 22)

 

No doubt many new methods will be discovered in the future about how to extract knowledge and whole new sciences from the Writings (see Note 8 at end).

 

For additional discussion on the inner sense of the Writings see Chapter 7, Section 5.

 


 

End Notes and References

 

Note 1

 

A directory of all my publications, with full text access to most of them, is available on the Web at

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/leonpublish.html

 

Leon James. “Substantive Dualism: Swedenborg's Integration of Biological Theology and Rational Psychology”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/dualism.html

 

Leon James. “Scientific Dualism.”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/dualism.html

 

Leon James. “Religious Psychology or Theistic Science: A Guide to Spiritual Self-examination”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/religious.html

 

Leon James. “Swedenborg Glossary of Theistic Science”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss.html

 

Leon James. “Do the Writings Contain Scientific Revelations?” New Church Life , July 1995, 115(7), 325-330.

Also available on the Web at  www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409ss99/nfile2.htm

 

Leon James. “Dualist Science and the Writings of Swedenborg” New Church Life , June 1995, 115(6), 264-270.

 

Leon James. “Overcoming Objections to Swedenborg's Writings Through the Development of Scientific Dualism” New Philosophy 2001 v.CIV n.3 & 4 pp. 153-217. Available online at:

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/np98.html

 

Leon James. “The Fourteen Scientific Fallacies in AC5084: Implications for Science Education.” New Philosophy, July-December, 1996, XCIX(3 & 4), 439-450

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/fallacies.html

 

Examples of promoting dualism in science in New Church literature include:

 

Gregory L. Baker, Religion and Science: From Swedenborg to Chaotic Dynamics (New York: The Solomon Press, 1992)

 

Linda Simonetti Odhner, The Bread of Life With Honey From the Rock: A Chaste Union of religion and science New Church Life March 1989, pp. 117-122

 

Leon James, Swedenborg's Religious Psychology: The Marriage of Good and Truth as Mental Health Studia Swedenborgiana December 1993, Vol.8, No-3, pp. 13-42

 

Ian Thompson, Foundations of the Theory of Spirit, Mind and Nature from Theism www.TheisticScience.org

 

Note 2

 

W. F. Pendleton Topics From the Writings (Academy, 1928)

 

Note 3

 

Leon James. “My Pre-Swedenborgian Discoveries and Inventions (1960-1980)”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/dhl3.html

 

Note 4

 

Mark Carlson. “Evolution, the Limbus, and Hereditary Evil (Part 2)” New Church Life June 1990, pp.259-275.

 

Note 5

 

Barry C. Halterman. “Swedenborg's Influence on Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1883)”

www.swedenborg.ca/swedenborg/r_w_emerson.html

 

Jane K. Williams-Hogan. Swedenborg: A Biography Available online here:

www.glencairnmuseum.org/jkwh.html

 

Leon James “Swedenborg Revolution in the Social Sciences”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s98/shintani/logos.html

 

Leon James “Spiritual Psychology”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/spirpsy.html

 

Note 6

 

Wilson Van Dusen, The Distinctiveness of the Church of the New Jerusalem New Church Life March 1994, 112-114.

 

Peter Rhodes, Gurdijeff’s and Swedenborg General Church Sound Recording Library, Bryn Athyn, 1976.

 

Leonard Fox, Gurdijeff’s: Guide to Heaven or Hell? New Church Life June 1993; (see also his reply in the October 1993 issue.)

 

Note 7

 

Leon James “Moses, Paul, and Swedenborg, or Ritual, Faith, and Theistic Science: The Three Phases of Religious Behavior”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/moses.html

 

Leon James “Religious Behaviorism”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/relbehaviorism.html

 

Note 8

 

Leon James “De Hemelsche Leer--Part 1--Degrees of Consciousness”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/dhl.html

 

Leon James “Spiritual Geography--Graphic Maps of Consciousness for Regeneration”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/geography.html

 

Note 9

 

Leon James “Overcoming Objections to Swedenborg's Writings Through the Development of Scientific Dualism” New Philosophy 2001 v.CIV n.3 & 4 pp. 153-217.  Available online here:

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/np98.html

 

Note 10

 

Dr. James’ Student Reports on Swedenborg are listed in this directory:

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/swedenborg.html

 

Note 11

 

Leon James, “Genes of Consciousness: Spiritual Genetics for Regeneration”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/harmonizing4.htm

 

Note 12

 

Ian Thompson, Foundations of Theistic Science The Theory of Spirit, Mind and Nature from Theism (containing several articles)

www.theisticscience.org/

 

Note 13

 

Leon James, “Vertical Community”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/vertical.html

 

Note 14

 

Leon James, “The Will and the Understanding or The Affective and the Cognitive or Good and Faith or Heart and Lungs or Internal and External Mind”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/wu.html

 

Note 15

 

Leon James, “Affective and Cognitive Resistance to a More Healthy Lifestyle

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/health1.html

 

Note 16

 

Leon James, “Notes on the Doctrine of the Wife:

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/dow1.html

 

Note 17

 

See our Web site at www.DrDriving.org

 

List of Media Interviews with Leon James and Diane Nahl

www.aloha.net/~dyc/about

 

Articles on Driving Psychology by Leon James and Diane Nahl

www.aloha.net/~dyc/articles

 

Leon James and Diane Nahl. Road Rage and Aggressive Driving: Steering Clear of Highway Warfare (Prometheus Books: New York, 2000).

 

Leon James and Diane Nahl. Heaven on Wheels: Principles of Christian Driving Psychology www.aloha.net/~dyc/articles/christ.htm

 

Leon James. “Drivers Behaving Badly: DBB Ratings”

www.aloha.net/~dyc/articles/dbb.htm

 

Note 18

 

Hatfield, E., & Rapson, R. (1996). Love and sex: Cross-cultural perspectives. New York: Allyn and Bacon.

 

Hatfield, E., Cacioppo, J., & Rapson, R. L. (1994). Emotional contagion. New York: Cambridge University Press.

 

Note 19

 

Leon James “The Universal Modes of Enactment in Human Experience: A Self-Witnessing Account of the Discovery of Sudden Memory and My Interpretation of Its Significance for the Human Race”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/enactment.html

 

Leon James “Autobiography: Sudden Memory as the Integrating Mechanism on the Daily Round”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/ethnos/es0.html

 

Leon James “Objective Autobiography: Sudden Memory”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/pederson/TOC.html

 

Leon James “Radicalist Empiricism. The Universal Modes of Enactment in Human Experience. A Self-Witnessing Account of the Discovery of Sudden Memory and My Interpretation of Its Significance for the Human Race”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/enactment.html

 

Leon James “The Hexagram of Sudden Memory “

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/updates/lee/section8.1.2.html

 

Leon James “Discoveries and Inventions--Sudden Memory”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/discoveries.html

 

Leon James “The Hexagram of Sudden Memory” (excerpts)

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/qqlj2.html

 

Leon James “Pre-Swedenborgian Discoveries and Inventions (1960-1980)”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/dhl3.html

 

Leon James and Diane Nahl “Workbook for the Study of Social Psychology”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/updates/lee/Section8.1.5.html

 

Leon James “The Analysis of Transactional Engineering Competence” www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/tec.html

 

Leon James “Community Archives in Social Psychology”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/updates/lee/Section5.2.3.html

 

Leon James “Understanding Discourse: From Ethnosemantics to Transactional Engineering”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/pederson/discourse.html

 

Leon James “Genetic Culture: Primacy of the Affective over the Cognitive”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/already.html

 

Leon James “Lectures in Social Psychology (directory of chapters)”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/updates/lee/

 

Leon James “Lecture Notes on The Psychology of Knowledge: The Discovery of Sudden Memory“

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/pun/knowledge2.html

 

Note 20

 

Leon James “The Method of Self-Witnessing”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/self-witnessing.html

 

Leon James “Religious Psychology or Theistic Science: A Guide to Spiritual Self-examination”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/religious.html

 

Leon James “Self-witnessing our emotions in daily life”

www.aloha.net/~dyc/articles/red-blue.htm

 

Leon James “General Instructions for Your Research Project: The Four Options--Customizing My Daily Emotional Spin Cycle”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy16/g16reports-instructions.html

 

Leon James “Temptations entry in the Swedenborg Glossary” www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/temptations.html

 

Leon James “Self-Witnessing the Threefold Self”

www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/409as97/atakahas/499/atakahashome.html

 

Note 21

 

Rev. Ray Silverman teaches at the New Church Academy in Bryn Athyn. He and his wife Star are the authors of a successful book Rise Above It! – “a curriculum for spiritual growth based on the Ten Commandments.” A seminar program is based on the book and is called Touchstone Seminars: A Life-changing Experience. See Web site at newearth.org/user/touchstone/

 

Note 22

 

Harrie G.D. Groeneveld “The Second Coming of the Lord in the Doctrine of the Church” De Hemelsche Leer, First Fascicle, 38-43, 1930 (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8) Available online at www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409ss99/thompson/mscan1.html See also its reprint version in the restart issues of De Hemelse Leer, April 2002 issue, Dr. Rutger Perizonius, Editor (Van der Heimstraat 5, 2582 RX, The Hague)

 

Rutger Perizonius. “The Regeneration of the Grand Man. De Hemelse Leer July/October 2002 Issue, pp. 135-151.

 

Rev. Ernst Pfeiffer “Elucidation of Mr. Groeneveld's Address” De Hemelsche Leer, First Fascicle, p.82-95; 127-131, 1930 (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8) Available online at www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409ss99/thompson/mscan2.html See also its reprint version in the restart issues of De Hemelse Leer, April 2002 issue, Dr. Rutger Perizonius, Editor (Van der Heimstraat 5, 2582 RX, The Hague)

 

Rev. Theodore Pitcairn, “The second Education” De Hemelsche Leer, Third Fascicle, p.22. 1935 (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8; Chapter 8 Section 3) (Available online at www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409ss99/thompson/mscan8.html )

 

Rev. Theodore Pitcairn, “The Internal Sense of the Chapter on Ecclesiastical and Civil government in “The New Jerusalem And Its Heavenly Doctrine. (March 1930) Discovered recently and published in the restart issues of De Hemelse Leer, April 2002 issue, pp. 83-91. Dr. Rutger Perizonius, Editor (Van der Heimstraat 5, 2582 RX, The Hague) (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8 and 9; Chapter 8 Section 3)

 

James, Leon (2002) “The Substitution Technique: A Method for Extracting What the Writings Say About Themselves as the Word” De Hemelse Leer, Vol. XIV No. 2 (April 2002), 103-109.

 

Note 23

 

The following New Church ministers are quoted in this book:

 

Rev. Donald L. Rose, Sermon titled “The Colt Loosed For the Lord’s Service” General Church, Bryn Athyn. Undated (quoted above in the Introduction to Volume 1)

 

Rev. Erik E. Sandstrom, The New Age and the New Church (Part Two). New Church Life, June 2002, 251-260 (quoted above in the Introduction to Volume 1; Introduction to Chapter 2; Chapter 4 Section 6; Chapter 6 Section 3; Chapter 7 Section 2)

 

Rev. Mark Carlson. “Evolution, the Limbus, and Hereditary Evil (Part 2)” New Church Life June 1990, pp.259-275. (quoted above in Chapter 3 Section 7).

 

Rev. Dr. Ray Silverman’s review of Henry James, Sr. in Arcana 1996 v.2 n.4 p.56 (quoted above in Chapter 4 Section 2 and Section 3)

 

Rev. Grant R. Schnarr “Swedenborg And The Near Death Experience” on the Web at www.newchurch.org/faq/indepthfaq/swedenbNearDeathExperience.html Accessed June 2002 (quoted above in Chapter 4 Section 5)

 

Rev. Douglas M. Taylor “Self-Esteem” New Church Life March 2002 v.CXXII No.3 pp. 99-105 (quoted above in Chapter 6 Section 7)

 

Rev. Edward S. Hyatt, Sermons on the Word. Swedenborg Genootschap, 1935 (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8)

 

Rev. Hugo Lj. Odhner, “The Transition from Human to Divine Philosophy” Written in 1921. Published in The New Philosophy 1974; 77:43-71. Available online at:  http://www.newchurchissues.org/SR/hlo74.htm )

(quoted in Chapter 7 Section 8)

 

Rev. Theodore Pitcairn, “The second Education” De Hemelsche Leer, Third Fascicle, p.22. 1935 (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8; Chapter 8 Section 3) (Available online at www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/409ss99/thompson/mscan8.html )

 

The Letters and Memorials of Emanuel Swedenborg. Translated and Edited by Rev. Alfred Acton (Bryn Athyn, PA. Swedenborg Scientific Association, 1948) (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8)

 

Rev. Geoffrey H. Howard titled "The Transformation of a Man into a Husband and a Woman into a Wife through Marriage" appeared in New Church Life, June 2001 issue, pages 243-248. (quoted above in Chapter 9 Section 1)

 

Rev. Ernst Pfeiffer “Elucidation of Mr. Groeneveld's Address” De Hemelsche Leer, First Fascicle, p.82-95; 127-131, 1930 (quoted above in Chapter 7 Section 8)

 

Note 24

 

Articles by Leon James involving the use of the ennead matrix:

 

The Genes of Consciousness:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/harmonizing4.htm

 

The Dimensions of the Mind According to Emanuel Swedenborg:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499f99/dimensions/dimensions.html

 

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/409as97/atakahas/499/atakahashome.html

 

Theistic Science: Introduction and Overview

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/theistic.html

 

The Ennead Matrix of the Threefold Self:  Affective, Cognitive, Sensorimotor:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/citizenship.html

 

Overcoming Objections to Swedenborg's Writings Through the Development of Scientific Dualism:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/np98.html

 

A Conceptual Framework for Explaining Information Behavior

http://www.utpjournals.com/jour.ihtml?lp=simile/issue2/nahl1.html

 

The Will and Understanding:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/wu.html

 

The Heart and Lungs:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/np98.html#Heading12

 

Good and Truth

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/marriage/

 

Religious Behaviorism:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/religious.html

 

Religious Psychology:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499ss99/man/religious.html

 

Comprehensive Discourse Analysis and Its Applications:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/cda.html

 

Driving Behavior:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/driving1.html

 

Phases of Development in Becoming Internet Literate:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/compedutext.html

 

The Ennead Matrix In Psychotherapy:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/hpa82.html

 

The Threefold Self:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/409as97/atakahas/499/atakahashome.html

 

Symbols and Drawings:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499f98/libed/affect/titlepage.html

 

Topical Organization in Social Psychology:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s98/travisa/130-137.htm

 

Titles: Psychological Characteristics And Document Retrievability :

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/titles2.html

 

Resistance to Health Behaviors:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/health1.html

 

Language Teaching :

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s98/travisa/171-179.htm

 

Song Analysis

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/student3/amyl/public_html/499/songls.html

 

Genetic Culture:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/already.html

 

Cross-cultural Atlas of Affective Meanings:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/499s99/yamauchi/crosscultural.htm

 

Swedenborg's Theory of Trisubstantivism:

http://www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/instructor/gloss/relbehaviorism.html

 

 


 

 

Acknowledgment

 

I wish to thank Dr. Ian Thompson for his invaluable editorial assistance with several drafts and for supplying many of the citations to the Writings (see Note 12 above ). I also wish to thank Rev./Dr. Ray Silverman who spent much appreciated effort reading and critiquing an earlier draft (see Note 21 above). Rev. Robert Junge made critical comments on several key issues in an exchange of correspondence that greatly improved my discussion of them. I am very grateful for their contribution. Their astute observations helped me to avoid critical errors and to strengthen the presentation in numerous places.

 

 

About the Author

 

The author, Dr. Leon James, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Hawaii. His Web site and information on his professional background is located here: www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/leon.html

 

A directory of articles and books by Leon James, with full text access is available here: www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/leonj/leonpsy/leonarticles.html

 

For comments and questions, I welcome your email: leon@hawaii.edu

 

The Web address of the latest version of this document is:

 www.soc.hawaii.edu/leonj/nonduality.html

 

 

Titles for the Abbreviated Citations in the Book

 

AC

Arcana Coelestia

AE

Apocalypse Explained

AR

Apocalypse Revealed

BE

Brief Exposition

CL

Conjugial Love

CORO

Coronis

DE VERBO

De Verbo

DLW

Divine Love and Wisdom

DP

Divine Providence

D. WIS.

Divine Wisdom

EU

Earths in the Universe

FAITH

Doctrine of Faith

HH

Heaven and Hell

INV

Invitation to the New Church

LETT

Letters

LIFE

Doctrine of Life

LJ

Last Judgment

LJP

Last Judgment (Posthumous)

LORD

Doctrine of the Lord

NJHD

New Jerusalem and Its Heavenly Doctrine

SE

Spiritual Experiences

SPECIMEN

Specimen and Sketch

TCR

True Christian Religion

TCR Additions

True Christian Religion (Additions)

WH

White Horse

9Q

Nine Questions

 

Full Text Free Online Access to All Swedenborg’s Writings:

 

The Web site includes a search engine and a key to the Bible. It also carries many articles on Swedenborg and the New Church.

 

http://www.theheavenlydoctrines.org

 


 

 

Volume 4

Uses: The Innocence of Old Age

(in preparation)

 

 

 

Growing old [means] to put off the human (AC 2203)

 

At age 64 I’m about to enter that awesome state of mind called the innocence of old age. This Volume will explore what the New Church mind is in that state. We need to know about it long before it is our turn to enter that state in order that we may better prepare for it. The quote from AC 2203 is an astonishing description of that state: Growing old means to put off the human!