Research into the interlinks between biodiversity patterns, processes, threats, conservation and human welfare

Planting Master Plan

By Camilo Mora*, Asryelle Mora Rollo, Audrey Rollo, Barbara Kuljis, Lori Eldridge, Margaret Mortz, Minette Lew-McCabe, Matthew Bauer, Brutus La Benz and Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko

Goal: Plant 10,000 seedlings in one day

Date: December 7th, 2019
Time: 2:00pm to 5:00pm, check in starts at 1pm.
Leading groups: UH Carbon Neutrality, Honolulu Garden Club, Hawaii Legacy Forest
Place: Gunstock Ranch: 56-250 Kamehameha Hwy, Kahuku, HI, 96731

Seed sources:
Koa: ~3,000 trees, Marian Chau from Lyon arboretum (South Koolau); Camilo Mora, Asryelle Mora Rollo (Wa'ahila Ridge).
Kou: ~4,500 trees, Margaret Mortz (Honolulu Community College); Asryelle Mora, Audrey Rollo, Camilo Mora (UH Manoa).
Lonomea: ~2,000 trees, Lonomea: Talia Portner, Myles Ritchie, Margaret Mortz, Barbara Kuljis and Camilo Mora (Koko Crater); Asryelle Mora, Audrey Rollo, Camilo Mora (Army Cementary).
Wiliwili: ~500 trees, Marian Chau from Lyon Arboretum (South Koolau); Talia Portner, Margaret Mortz, Barbara Kuljis, Myles Ritchie, and Camilo Mora (Koko Crater)

Place: G12-Magoon Research Facility, University of Hawaii Manoa (procured by Michael Bruno, Nicholas Comerford, Robert Paull, Camilo Mora)
Cleaned and equiped by Camilo Mora, Asryelle Mora and Evan Strouse. Adequation included installing electronic irrigation system, temperature controls, evaporative coolers, fans, nutrient deployment system, assembling tables.

Seed propagation:
Pot medium (soil):
  Batch One. Coconut coir, perlite, vermiculite, nutricode used in ~600 bags (Procured by Margaret Mortz, Barbara Kuljis)
  Batch Two. Sunshine number 4, perlite, and vermiculite used in ~10,400 bags (procured by Camilo Mora)
Pots: Non-woven bags (~10,400 procured by Camilo Mora), carton boxes (~600 procured by Camilo Mora)

Filling bags with soil:
  Batch One. 800 bags filled over five two-hour sections by Honolulu Garden Club (Coordinated by Barbara Kuljis, Lori Eldridge, Margaret Mortz)
  Batch Two. 10,200 bags were filled by 200 volunteers, over 4 weekends, total of 200 men hours (Coordinated by Camilo Mora)
Arranging bags on tables: We placed ~2,000 bags per table, each table took 8 hours to set. Six tables in total (Work by Camilo Mora)
Putting seeds in bags: 9,000 seeds by Honolulu Garden Club (Coordinated by Barbara Kuljis,Margaret Mortz, Lori Eldridge), 2,000 seeds (Punahou Volunteers Coordinated by Asryelle Mora Rollo, Ian Earle and Camilo Mora)
Nutrion plan:
  Batch ONE: the soil of ~800 seedlings was mixed with nutricote (about 8 weeks effect) (Work by Margaret Mortz)
  Batch TWO: To 11,000 seedlings, worm juice was added within a week of propagation (Juice supplied by Nancy?, deployment of juice by Garden Club; coordinated by Barbara Kuljis, Lori Eldridge, Margaret Mortz)
  Batch THREE: A soil analyzis revealed a nitrogen deficiency (done by Camilo Mora), soil complemented with Miracle growth; complement added every week for first month, then every five days (recemendation by CTAHR researcher Dr. Adel Youkhana, work done by Camilo Mora)
  *Visits to check plants and irrigation (Montly by Honolulu Garden Club, Weekly by Barbara Kuljis, and daily by Camilo Mora)
  *Review of plant health (Nursery visited three times by CTAHR researcher Dr. Adel Youkhana, and once by CTAHR extension Agent Kalani Matsumura, coordinated by Camilo Mora)

Options concidered:
City and Council. Six sites were proposed by the City and Council; burocratic process to slow to navegate (Matthew Gonser and Joshua Stanbro helped deligtenly to make this happen, but ultimately planting on the city land was not possible, Camilo Mora and Asryelle Mora met with Mayor Caldwell)
Palehua ranch. Large area available, conversations were ongoing until the moment of the decision. High motivation to plant there (Coordination between site owners, Asryelle Mora and Camilo Mora)
Ala Mahemoe. Large area available but claim to lack capacity to plant 10,000 trees in one day. Offer to plant 1,000 trees in 2021, if planing start in early 2020. Option for the future (Coordination between site managers (DLNR), and Camilo Mora)
Kalona Ranch. Offer space to plant 2,000 trees. Good option for future plantings (Contact Kawika Burgess and Camilo Mora)
Ohulehule Forest Conservancy. 1,300 acress available for planting. Offer placed after decision was made. Good option for future plantings (Contact Paul Zweng and Camilo Mora)
Corteva Agriscience in Waialua. Offer large area to plant trees, and capacity to prepare and maintain land. Offer placed after decision was made. Good option for future plantings (Contact Mark Stoutemyer and Camilo Mora)
Waimea. Large area offered to plant, but under condition of planting only trees from the area. Unviable at the moment, as seeds are from Oahu. Issue of inbreading depression was dicussed, but current conditions require to plant only trees from there. Good option for future plantings (Arranged by Richard Pezzulo, Minette Lew-McCabe and Camilo Mora)
Other areas were offer to plant in Kailua Kona (Michele L Baker), Molokai (Rudi Hunke) and Maui.

Final Location Decided for Planting: Area around Kukaniloko Birth Stones (Facilitated by Brutus La Benz from OHA and Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko, with the help of Richard Pezzulo from Waimea, procured by Minette Lew-McCabe and Camilo Mora)
Land clearing: Major land clearing by Brutus La Benz from OHA and Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko

Site prepatation:
Mowing: Cut grass to two inches tall to facilitate setting up of weed suppresion mats (Brutus La Benz or Camilo Mora?)
  Method: Auger (five augeers procured Camilo Mora)
  Size of holes: 4" wide by 12" depth
  Spacing of holes: 10' apart
  Digging holes: 10,000 holes (by Camilo Mora, Andrew, Brutus, two people from Pono (Procured by Matthew Bauer from KUPU))

Weed suppresion mats:
  Material: several samples from Chinese suppliers were tested (Experiment by Camilo Mora, Audrey Rollo, and Asryelle Mora Rollo). Best results with 100gsm-6x6feet woven Polypropylene Ground Cover with additives for UV ray protection; supplier claims five years warranty.
  Acquisition mats: 10,000 weed suppresion mats were obtained (Procedure by Camilo Mora, mats purchased with kind donation by 350Hawaii).
  Importation mats paper work: documentaion for importation of mats was done by Camilo Mora thanks to Peter Mainz from
  Estimated date of arrival: October 5th, 2019
  Acquisition of ground cover spikes: 40,000 units (Procured by Audrey Rollo)

  1. pump water from the nearby reservoir (Ongoing paperwork; unlikely approach at present).
  2. rent water tank truck (approach reviewed by Taylor Asao from OHA).
  3. deploy affordable water catchements with 50 Gal drums (approach to be tested by Camilo Mora; Noa Lincoln seeking 300 gal water totes).
system will feed a mother hose with drippers aligned with each tree. Water flow to be controlled with irrigation control developed by Camilo Mora (image below)
  4. deploy individual tree water catchements (Camilo Mora to deploy 100 systems after planting, pending import).
Planting by:
Man power: 1,000 volunteers (Procured by Asryelle Mora Rollo and Camilo Mora, and the support of Lisa Shirota)
Specific groups: Punahou (Ian Earle), Saint Andrews (Brian Turano), Iolani (Jim Stevens), Campbell High School (Sherry Cassetta, Anthony McCurdy), Banan (Zak Barry, Jackie O'Leary), Blue Planet (Michael Robert), Matemathics 101 (Monique Chyba and Daisuke Takagi), Botany 350 (Tina Lau), Trees of promise (Dale Spennner), UH Foundation (Dale Hagadone), Geography 302 (Camilo Mora), Geography 308 (Camilo Mora), Civil Beat (Alana Eagle), UH Office of Civic and Community Engagement (Liane Akana, Atina Pascua), American Society of Civil Engineers Younger Member Forum (Saydielyn Arakaki), travel2change (Mondy Jamshidi Kent), Sustainability HCC (John Delay)

Coordination protocole: Web-page (Developed by Ahmad Ayaz, Umer Malik and Camilo Mora)

Traning experts:
Place: Art Auditorium UH Manoa (Procured by Camilo Mora, with support of Elizabeth Tajima).
Date: Saturday, October 26, 2019.
Time: 9:00 am.
Personnel: Interns of KUPU as well as several experienced volunteers (Procured by Minette Lew-McCabe/KUPU).
Purpose: Gain understanding of the planting procedure to streamline planting operation on day of planting.

Logistics prior to planting:
Irrigation water:
  1. Get a truck of 4,000 Gallon to site for irrigation day of planting (approach reviewed by Taylor Asao from OHA)
  2. 100 55-gallon containers for water catchement and irrigation for planting day (Procured by Camilo Mora)

Transport of seedlings for hardening: (Sunday, October 6th)
  1. Get a truck for transport from Magoon to Wahiawa (Procured by Matthew Bauer)
  2. Get permit for taking tables from Magoon (Procured by Camilo Mora)
  3. Get boxes for transport and handling of trees during planting. Estimated date of arrival: October 4th, 2019 (Procured by Camilo Mora)
  4. Phisical loading and unloading of seedlings (Civil Club?, Brutus La Benz from OHA, Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko, Garden Club, Camilo Mora, Asryelle Mora Rollo, Audrey Rollo)

Transport of seedlings for planting: (Saturday, October 26th)
  1. Get a truck for transport (Procured by Matthew Bauer)
  2. Phisical loading and unloading of seedlings (KUPU Interns)

Transport of weed mats to site: (Friday, October 25th?)
  1. Get a truck for transport (Procured by Camilo Mora)
  2. Phisical loading and unloading (Procured by Camilo Mora)

10 Porta-potty (Procured by Camilo Mora, A's Party Portables,, 808-668-6362)

1,000 people insurance event (Procured by Camilo Mora,, Alice Inabata (, 808-535-5078)

1. Medical
  * First Aid Kit. Tent provided by Wahiawa Health (Procured by Jo-Lin Lenchanko Kalimapau Hawaiian Civic Club of Wahiawā)
  * Hire off duty-nurse (Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko, to be paid by Carbon Neutrality Challenge)
2. Drinking Water
  * donation by Menehune Bottle Water (Procured by Minette Lew-McCabe)
3. Snacks
  * Food (Culinary school, provided by KUPU)
  * Snacks donated by Garden Club Honolulu (Coordinated by Barbara Kuljis, Lori Eldridge, Margaret Mortz)

Planting trees:
Each tree will be planted follwing our procedure to plant trees, which includes deploying the trees with two pellets of slow release nutrients and a weed suppresion mat.
20,000 units of Slow release nutrien pellets (Procured by Audrey Rollo)
Plating procedure file

KUPU to wear official jerseys.
Carbon Neutrality and Garden Club to wear Uniform jerseys? (???Coordinated by Barbara Kuljis, Lori Eldridge, Audrey Rollo???).

How to participate:
1. Sign up at, and sign online waiver. Web-page to go live on October 1st.
2. Create a team with at most 10 friends or family and become team captain; or join an existing team.
3. During the planting event, you will get codes for the trees you plant, load those codes in your profile so you get credit for them.
4. Done (For team captains, please remenber to take a team photo during the event and load it in your profile).
Available flier (Created by Julia Myers at UH communications office).


Words by Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko at 12:00pm

  1. Park along Whitmore Av. and Kamehameha Hwy. (Contact DOT, phone 808 831 6700 ext 136 or 831 6714) (The Outdoors Cyrcle?, Barbara Kuljis /HGC?)
    * Need to ask police support with three officers to slow down traffic (Contact Wahiawa PD, Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko)
    * Alternative, hiring off-duty policy officers , 10 days in advance notice.

  2. Park at ADC/DOLE parking site, intersection of Whitmore Av. and Ihiihi Av.; space for 200 cars. Walk to site (Procured by Brutus La Benz from OHA and Kūkaʻawe Tom Lenchanko ).

Check-in starts at 1pm

1. Proceed to the left of the Entrance at Kukaniloko Monument State Park
2. Use any available parcel in the Group Assembly Area, to gather up your group and/or wait for other members of your team.
3. Once team is assembled, proceed to check-in points; there, we will check if volunteers signed online waivers.
    * Create printed list of signed volunteers (Camilo Mora responsable for day of planting).
    * Create real-time online list of signed volunteers at (Camilo Mora responsable).
    * Check volunteer's name on list of signed waivers (KUPU interns at Check-In point, with support of Garden Club). If group is about 20 people, two KUPU people will help team.
    * For late registers, there will be a table with on-line access to check real-time list of volunteers with waivers. Green sticker given to volunteers after confirmation (The Garden Club of Honolulu).
     KUPU volunteers can also check waivers signed on any mobile device at
4. Proceed to planting area. Select one available row to plant trees.
    * Seedlings, blankets and spikes deployed around planting site (KUPU volunteers, with support of Garden Club, Camilo Mora)
    * KUPU Volunteer responsable for box of nutrients.
5. Safety breefing and instruction.
Available Security breefing file
6. Once planting is complete, give planting codes (KUPU interns).
7. Terminate planting operations at 4:45 (KUPU interns).

Two press releases were written to promote the event (work by Lisa Shirota from UH, and Tiffany Foyle Pangcomm/KUPU).